Fundamental physics with trapped particles (ions, atoms or molecules) rep resents one of the most challenging and promising fields of investigation, with impressive results during this last decade. The use of both particle trapping and laser cooling techniques, together with traditional techniques of atomic physics, represents a powerlul tool of investigation for a wide range of fields. Experiments spanning very high resolution spectroscopy to Bose-Einstein condensation, tests of the Standard Model ofelectroweak interactions to precise mass measurements, detailed analysis of ~ decay to QED tests have been presented by leading scientists who reported the most recent results and discussed the perspectives in the different fields. During the ten working days of the School, 39 lecturers, 6 seminars and two poster sessions have been organized by offering to the attendants a.complete pic ture of the present research status about the new frontiers of atomic physics. L. Caneschi gave a general overview of the Standard Model of electroweak interac tions. He pointed out the achievements and the limits of validity of the model.
Table of ContentsPreface. List of Contributors. Comments on the Standard Model; L. Caneschi. Electromagnetic Trapping of Cold Atoms: An Overview; V.S. Letokhov. Quantum Degeneracy in Lithium Gases; R.G. Hulet, J.M. Gerton. Experiments with Two Colliding Bose-Einstein Condensates in an Elongated Magneto-Static Trap; M. Modugno, C. Fort, F. Minardi, M. Inguscio, F. Dalforo. Optical and Magnetic Trapping of Fermionic Potassium; G. Modugno, G. Roati. Formation of Quantized Vortices in a Gaseous Bose-Einstein Condensate; F. Chevy, K.W. Madison, V. Bretin, J. Dalibard. Spectroscopy with Trapped Francium; L.A. Orozco. 'White-Light' Laser Cooling and Trapping; S.N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, L. Moi. Making Molecules from Laser-Cooled Atoms; C. Gabbanini, A. Fioretti. Entanglement Manipulation in a Cavity QED Experiment; M. Brune. Mass Spectrometry at 100 Parts per Trillion; D.E. Pritchard, K.J. Thompson. Electric Dipole Moments and Ion Storage Rings; I.B. Khriplovich. List of Participants.