In 1903, W. E. B. Du Bois presented a radical leadership proposal…the “Talented Tenth” emphasized the education and training in leadership of ten percent of the African American population…[that] would transform the larger, uneducated segment of the population and lead them to higher levels of social acceptance and independence.
This study…describes the historical factors that led to and influenced Du Bois’s development of [this] strategy, especially his reaction to and criticism of Booker T. Washington’s proposals to accommodate the white power structure through diminished educational and social expectations for African Americans.…
[M]any ideas associated with James Burns’s notion of “transformational leadership” were anticipated by Du Bois’s earlier work…. Evidence…substantiates not only Du Bois’s powerful legacy to African American and general American history, but also shows that the...ideas of the “Talented Tenth” were indeed a pioneering conception of Transformational Leadership.
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About the Author
Dr. Sloan is a recipient of numerous leadership awards, and has served many organizations in a myriad of capacities. Such organizations as the NAACP, National Sorority of Phi Delta Kappa, Inc. (holding both regional and national offices), and AARP (being a local and state volunteer of the San Diego local chapter) are the back drop and landscape of her continued dedication to being a voice and presence in and beyond her community.
As a former business owner in San Diego, California for over 18 years, she has always carried a passion and thirst for knowledge, and has vied to make that knowledge available as a catalyst for change. She believes in living life fully, and being thankful for all blessings.
Table of ContentsPreface xi
W. E. B. Du Bois's Challenge to America
Significance of the Study 3
Statement of the Issue 7
W. E. B. Du Bois Emerges as a Leader 10
Primary Sources 14
Secondary Sources 15
Theoretical Framework 15
The Historical Development of the "Talented Tenth"
Alexander Crummell 28
Philosophical Debate with
Booker T. Washington 34
The Negro Academy 54
Prelude to the Niagara Movement 61
The Niagara Movement 64
The National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 71
The Leadership of W. E. B. Du Bois
What historical factors led to and influenced
Du Bois's development of the Talented Tenth strategy, and what ethical and moral values are implicit within? 98
What light does the Talented Tenth shed on the issue of how transformational leaders are created? 103
How valid are Du Bois's ideas for solving current problems facing the African
American community, and how valid is the claim that the Talented Tenth is an integrationist theory? 109
What is the significance of Du Bois's proposal of the Talented Tenth for reconceptualizing the idea of
Transformational Leadership, and what can we learn from this theory? 121
A Chronology and Life of
W. E. B. Du Bois 153
The Policy and By-laws of the
Negro Academy 163
About the Author 183
Production Notes 185
Quotations (by first line) 186