Computing: A Concise History

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Overview

The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of "smart" hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization—the coding ...

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Computing: A Concise History

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Overview

The history of computing could be told as the story of hardware and software, or the story of the Internet, or the story of "smart" hand-held devices, with subplots involving IBM, Microsoft, Apple, Facebook, and Twitter. In this concise and accessible account of the invention and development of digital technology, computer historian Paul Ceruzzi offers a broader and more useful perspective. He identifies four major threads that run throughout all of computing's technological development: digitization—the coding of information, computation, and control in binary form, ones and zeros; the convergence of multiple streams of techniques, devices, and machines, yielding more than the sum of their parts; the steady advance of electronic technology, as characterized famously by "Moore's Law"; and the human-machine interface. Ceruzzi guides us through computing history, telling how a Bell Labs mathematician coined the word "digital" in 1942 (to describe a high-speed method of calculating used in anti-aircraft devices), and recounting the development of the punch card (for use in the 1890 U.S.

Census). He describes the ENIAC, built for scientific and military applications; the UNIVAC, the first general purpose computer; and ARPANET, the Internet's precursor.

Ceruzzi's account traces the world-changing evolution of the computer from a room-size ensemble of machinery to a "minicomputer" to a desktop computer to a pocket-sized smart phone. He describes the development of the silicon chip,which could store ever-increasing amounts of data and enabled ever-decreasing device size. He visits that hotbed of innovation, Silicon Valley, and brings the story up to the present with the Internet, the World Wide Web, and social networking.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"It's a delightful small book, very nicely produced and with illustrations, perfect for a journey or to slip in a pocket for commuting. It's also, in 150 pages, a super overview of the history of this utterly transformational technology…"—Diane Coyle, The Enlightened Economist

"For those interested in the fundamentals of computer history,Computing: A Concise History navigates a complex world with in-depth, authoritative coverage in terms accessible to the non-expert."—John F. Barber, Leonardo Reviews

Library Journal
Ceruzzi (curator, National Air & Space Museum; A History of Modern Computing, Internet Alley: High Technology in Tyson's Corner, 1945–2005) has compiled a brief and readable history of computing and emerging technology. His emphasis is on transformative breakthroughs, beginning with the creation of the first electronic computing devices and continuing with stored programs, integrated circuits, microprocessors, the Internet, and social networking. Throughout his historical narrative, he highlights four themes: the digital paradigm, convergence, solid-state electronics, and the human-machine interface. This combination of approaches makes for a thoughtful, reflective study of the subject and helps to sweep away unnecessary detail and enable broad thinking on the subject. Similar recent, complementary historical overviews include Gerard O'Regan's A Brief History of Computing and Georges Ifrah's more comprehensive The Universal History of Computing: From the Abacus to the Quantum Computer. VERDICT Recommended for both the practicing and the casual computer scientist, as well as anyone interested in technology and the evolution of ideas.—Elizabeth Brown, Binghamton Univ. Libs., NY
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262517676
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 6/30/2012
  • Series: MIT Press Essential Knowledge
  • Pages: 216
  • Sales rank: 519,973
  • Product dimensions: 4.90 (w) x 6.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul E. Ceruzzi is a Curator at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. He is the author of A History of Modern Computing, Internet Alley: High Technology in Tysons Corner, 1945-2005,both published by the MIT Press, and other books.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted September 20, 2013

    Lexi

    Ohhhh THATS SO COOL!!!!! :O

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