The Talent Code: Unlocking the Secret of Skill in Sports, Art, Music, Math, and Just about Anything [NOOK Book]

Overview

What is the secret of talent? How do we unlock it? In this groundbreaking work, journalist and New York Times bestselling author Daniel Coyle provides parents, teachers, coaches, businesspeople—and everyone else—with tools they can use to maximize potential in themselves and others.

Whether you’re coaching soccer or teaching a child to play the piano, writing a novel or ...
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The Talent Code: Unlocking the Secret of Skill in Sports, Art, Music, Math, and Just about Anything

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Overview

What is the secret of talent? How do we unlock it? In this groundbreaking work, journalist and New York Times bestselling author Daniel Coyle provides parents, teachers, coaches, businesspeople—and everyone else—with tools they can use to maximize potential in themselves and others.

Whether you’re coaching soccer or teaching a child to play the piano, writing a novel or trying to improve your golf swing, this revolutionary book shows you how to grow talent by tapping into a newly discovered brain mechanism.

Drawing on cutting-edge neurology and firsthand research gathered on journeys to nine of the world’s talent hotbeds—from the baseball fields of the Caribbean to a classical-music academy in upstate New York—Coyle identifies the three key elements that will allow you to develop your gifts and optimize your performance in sports, art, music, math, or just about anything.

• Deep Practice Everyone knows that practice is a key to success. What everyone doesn’t know is that specific kinds of practice can increase skill up to ten times faster than conventional practice.

• Ignition We all need a little motivation to get started. But what separates truly high achievers from the rest of the pack? A higher level of commitment—call it passion—born out of our deepest unconscious desires and triggered by certain primal cues. Understanding how these signals work can help you ignite passion and catalyze skill development.

• Master Coaching What are the secrets of the world’s most effective teachers, trainers, and coaches? Discover the four virtues that enable these “talent whisperers” to fuel passion, inspire deep practice, and bring out the best in their students.

These three elements work together within your brain to form myelin, a microscopic neural substance that adds vast amounts of speed and accuracy to your movements and thoughts. Scientists have discovered that myelin might just be the holy grail: the foundation of all forms of greatness, from Michelangelo’s to Michael Jordan’s. The good news about myelin is that it isn’t fixed at birth; to the contrary, it grows, and like anything that grows, it can be cultivated and nourished.

Combining revelatory analysis with illuminating examples of regular people who have achieved greatness, this book will not only change the way you think about talent, but equip you to reach your own highest potential.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Coyle’s work becomes as motivational as the stories he presents. John Farrell reads with a voice that is at once firm yet highly identifiable. The resulting recording serves as a fine instructional guide for those searching for how to fulfill their dreams.”
Publishers Weekly

“[Farrell] lays out the technical information and fascinating case histories with unwavering respect for the author’s contribution to adult learning.”
AudioFile

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780553906493
  • Publisher: Random House Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 4/28/2009
  • Sold by: Random House
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 256
  • Sales rank: 37,108
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Daniel Coyle is the author of the New York Times bestseller Lance Armstrong’s War and Hardball: A Season in the Projects, and is a contributing editor for Outside magazine. He lives with his wife and four children in Homer, Alaska, where he coaches a rapidly improving Little League team.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Read an Excerpt

Introduction

The Girl Who Did a Month's Worth of Practice in Six Minutes

Every journey begins with questions, and here are three: How does a penniless Russian tennis club with one indoor court create more top-twenty women players than the entire United States?

How does a humble storefront music school in Dallas, Texas, produce Jessica Simpson, Demi Lovato, and a succession of pop music phenoms?

How does a poor, scantily educated British family in a remote village turn out three world-class writers?

Talent hotbeds are mysterious places, and the most mysterious thing about them is that they bloom without warning. The first baseball players from the tiny island of the Dominican Republic arrived in the major leagues in the 1950s; they now account for one in nine big-league players. The first South Korean woman golfer won a Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) tournament in 1998; now there are fortyfive on the LPGA Tour, including eight of the top twenty money winners. In 1991 there was only one Chinese entry in the Van Cliburn piano competition; the most recent competition featured eight, a proportional leap reflected in top symphony orchestras around the world.

Media coverage tends to treat each hotbed as a singular phenomenon, but in truth they are all part of a larger, older pattern. Consider the composers of nineteenth-century Vienna, the writers of Shakespearean England, or the artists of the Italian Renaissance, during which the sleepy city of Florence, population 70,000, suddenly produced an explosion of genius that has never been seen before or since. In each case, the identical questions echo: Where does this extraordinary talent come from? How does it grow?

The answer could begin with a remarkable piece of video showing a freckle-faced thirteen-year-old girl named Clarissa. Clarissa (not her real name) was part of a study by Australian music psychologists Gary McPherson and James Renwick that tracked her progress at the clarinet for several years. Officially, the video's title is shorterclarissa3.mov, but it should have been called The Girl Who Did a Month's Worth of Practice in Six Minutes.

On screen, Clarissa does not look particularly talented. She wears a blue hooded sweatshirt, gym shorts, and an expression of sleepy indifference. In fact, until the six minutes captured on the video, Clarissa had been classified as a musical mediocrity. According to McPherson's aptitude tests and the testimony of her teacher, her parents, and herself, Clarissa possessed no musical gifts. She lacked a good ear; her sense of rhythm was average, her motivation subpar. (In the study's written section, she marked “because I'm supposed to” as her strongest reason for practicing.) Nonetheless, Clarissa had become famous in music-science circles. Because on an average morning McPherson's camera captured this average kid doing something distinctly un-average. In five minutes and fifty-four seconds, she accelerated her learning speed by ten times, according to McPherson's calculations. What was more, she didn't even notice.

McPherson sets up the clip for us: It's morning, Clarissa's customary time for practice, a day after her weekly lesson. She is working on a new song entitled “Golden Wedding,” a 1941 tune by jazz clarinetist Woody Herman. She's listened to the song a few times. She likes it. Now she's going to try to play it.

Clarissa draws a breath and plays two notes. Then she stops. She pulls the clarinet from her lips and stares at the paper. Her eyes narrow. She plays seven notes, the song's opening phrase. She misses the last note and immediately stops, fairly jerking the clarinet from her lips. She squints again at the music and sings the phrase softly. “Dah dah dum dah,” she says. She starts over and plays the riff from the beginning, making it a few notes farther into the song this time, missing the last note, backtracking, patching in the fix. The opening is beginning to snap together-the notes have verve and feeling. When she's finished with this phrase, she stops again for six long seconds, seeming to replay it in her mind, fingering the clarinet as she thinks. She leans forward, takes a breath, and starts again.

It sounds pretty bad. It's not music; it's a broken-up, fitful, slow-motion batch of notes riddled with stops and misses. Common sense would lead us to believe that Clarissa is failing.

But in this case common sense would be dead wrong. “This is amazing stuff,” McPherson says. “Every time I watch this, I see new things, incredibly subtle, powerful things. This is how a professional musician would practice on Wednesday for a Saturday performance.”

On screen Clarissa leans into the sheet music, puzzling out a G-sharp that she 's never played before. She looks at her hand, then at the music, then at her hand again. She hums the riff. Clarissa's posture is tilted forward; she looks as though she is walking into a chilly wind; her sweetly freckled face tightens into a squint. She plays the phrase again and again.

Each time she adds a layer of spirit, rhythm, swing. “Look at that!” McPherson says. “She 's got a blueprint in her mind she 's constantly comparing herself to. She 's working in phrases, complete thoughts. She 's not ignoring errors, she's hearing them, fixing them. She 's fitting small parts into the whole, drawing the lens in and out all the time, scaffolding herself to a higher level.”

This is not ordinary practice. This is something else: a highly targeted, error-focused process. Something is growing, being built. The song begins to emerge, and with it, a new quality within Clarissa.

The video rolls on. After practicing “Golden Wedding,” Clarissa goes on to work on her next piece, “The Blue Danube.” But this time she plays it in one go, without stopping. Absent of jarring stops, the tune tumbles out in tuneful, recognizable form, albeit with the occasional squeak.

McPherson groans.“She just plays it, like she 's on a moving sidewalk,” he says. “It's completely awful. She's not thinking, not learning, not building, just wasting time. She goes from worse than normal to brilliant and then back again, and she has no idea she 's doing it.”

After a few moments McPherson can't take it anymore. He rewinds to watch Clarissa practice “Golden Wedding” again. He wants to watch it for the same reason I do. This is not a picture of talent created by genes; it's something far more interesting.

It is six minutes of an average person entering a magically productive zone, one where more skill is created with each passing second.

“Good God,” McPherson says wistfully. “If somebody could bottle this, it'd be worth millions.” This book is about a simple idea: Clarissa and the talent hotbeds are doing the same thing. They have tapped into a neurological mechanism in which certain patterns of targeted practice build skill. Without realizing it, they have entered a zone of accelerated learning that, while it can't quite be bottled, can be accessed by those who know how. In short, they've cracked the talent code.

The talent code is built on revolutionary scientific discoveries involving a neural insulator called myelin, which some neurologists now consider to be the holy grail of acquiring skill. Here 's why. Every human skill, whether it's playing baseball or playing Bach, is created by chains of nerve fibers carrying a tiny electrical impulse-basically, a signal traveling through a circuit. Myelin's vital role is to wrap those nerve fibers the same way that rubber insulation wraps a copper wire, making the signal stronger and faster by preventing the electrical impulses from leaking out. When we fire our circuits in the right way-when we practice swinging that bat or playing that note-our myelin responds by wrapping layers of insulation around that neural circuit, each new layer adding a bit more skill and speed. The thicker the myelin gets, the better it insulates, and the faster and more accurate our movements and thoughts become.

Myelin is important for several reasons. It's universal: everyone can grow it, most swiftly during childhood but also throughout life. It's indiscriminate: its growth enables all manner of skills, mental and physical. It's imperceptible: we can't see it or feel it, and we can sense its increase only by its magical-seeming effects. Most of all, however, myelin is important because it provides us with a vivid new model for understanding skill. Skill is a cellular insulation that wraps neural circuits and that grows in response to certain signals. The more time and energy you put into the right kind of practice-the longer you stay in the Clarissa zone, firing the right signals through your circuits-the more skill you get, or, to put it a slightly different way, the more myelin you earn. All skill acquisitions, and therefore all talent hotbeds, operate on the same principles of action, no matter how different they may appear to us. As Dr. George Bartzokis, a UCLA neurologist and myelin researcher, put it, “All skills, all language, all music, all movements, are made of living circuits, and all circuits grow according to certain rules.”

In the coming pages we 'll see those rules in action by visiting the world's best soccer players, bank robbers, violinists, fighter pilots, artists, and skateboarders. We 'll explore some surprising talent hotbeds that are succeeding for reasons that even their inhabitants cannot guess. We 'll meet an assortment of scientists, coaches, teachers, and talent researchers who are discovering new tools for acquiring skill. Above all, we 'll explore specific ways in which these tools can make a difference in maximizing the potential in our own lives and the lives of those around us.

The idea that all skills grow by the same cellular mechanism seems strange and surprising because the skills are so dazzlingly varied. But then again, all of this planet's variety is built from shared, adaptive mechanisms; evolution could have it no other way. Redwoods differ from roses but both grow through photosynthesis. Elephants differ from amoebas but both use the same cellular mechanism to convert food into energy.

Tennis players, singers, and painters don't seem to have much in common but they all get better by gradually improving timing and speed and accuracy, by honing neural circuitry, by obeying the rules of the talent code-in short, by growing more myelin.

This book is divided into three parts-deep practice, ignition, and master coaching-which correspond to the three basic elements of the talent code. Each element is useful on its own, but their convergence is the key to creating skill.

Remove one, and the process slows. Combine them, even for six minutes, and things begin to change.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4
( 72 )
Rating Distribution

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4 Star

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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 75 Customer Reviews
  • Posted December 24, 2009

    Could be a magazine article

    There are a few ideas in this book, but it appears to me to be one of those cases where the author had an single idea then forced enough other material in to call it a book.

    Some of the arguments just don't make it. Pick and choose examples carefully and you can make any argument. Too bad, I was hoping for more.

    Borrow it, read it fast, maybe you can get a little something from it.

    4 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 30, 2012

    Highly Recommended

    If you want o understand how to motivate yourself, your children, anyone you may be coaching - or - if you're looking for a coach or teacher - then this is THE book for you! Well researched, insightful, scientifically sound - and a darn good read!

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 29, 2011

    Practice makes perfect!

    Book reveals the scientific explanation behind the old adage "practice makes perfect"!

    2 out of 6 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 17, 2011

    LOVED IT!!!

    I just read this book for a class assignment. I was planning on reading it anyways but I thought it was very enlightening. The ideas are not earth shattering but interesting with the type of context he puts it all in. I truly believe anyone especially youth league coaches should read this book...it really shows the importance of learning the correct way the first time. What I liked about it was it isn't just about athletics but about anything anyone wants to be successful at. I liked the idea of deep practice. A must read if you are a teacher or coach...

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted February 14, 2010

    more from this reviewer

    Compelling, important

    Readable, groundbreaking and informative. Would have benefitted from a format suited to applying the priniciples to everyday life; summary of points, etc...

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 20, 2010

    Fascinating Reading

    This book is entertaining and interesting. It dispels some myths about talent and learning and shows how a person can develop excellent skills without possessing natural talent. Anyone interested in teaching and learning should read this book.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 4, 2012

    The appreciation of this book at its deepest level requires an u

    The appreciation of this book at its deepest level requires an understanding beyond conventional wisdom. Most negative reviews on here are made by people with average at best insight into what's being presented. When I started reading this book I realized it was very familiar...it explains what I did to achieve unheard of success in two extremely difficult fields. Practice does not make perfect is the whole point. I recommend this book and give it away all the time because I have first hand knowledge of using deep practice to achieve more than what was possible.  This book is the most important book I will read in a decade...maybe in my life and I already know most of this.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 6, 2012

    Highly Recommend to anyone raising or teaching children!

    I found this book fascinating. It is a must read for anyone dealing with children.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted November 19, 2011

    more from this reviewer

    One Of The Best Coaching Resources

    If your a coach you really should read this book. It will give you a good insight in the ways to get the best out of your players. The characters will all seem familiar because we know teachers and students who are just like those in the book. When I speak to parents and coaches I always mention this book as a reference to my coaching style.

    The Talent Code is one of those books where you can't go wrong if you buy it.

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 16, 2010

    Amazing book!

    Learned so much from this book. Read it and then read it again - Love it!

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 23, 2014

    Code

    This sucks!!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted January 7, 2014

    The Talent Code

    Read it

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  • Posted May 31, 2013

    HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

    Great Book to Read.

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  • Posted April 17, 2010

    I Also Recommend:

    The Talent Code Will Help You Become a Better Teacher, Coach, or Talent-Developer

    A friend recommended The Talent Code, and I was very intrigued and ordered the book that very day. I am now on my second time through. I have been a successful coach for several years, but reading this book has caused me to take a look at how I can better develop both the individual talents of my players and the way I design my practices. The section of the book on "deep practice" is worth the price of the book, but there is much more in the way of important information that I can use. This is a valuable book for any teacher or coach, or anyone else who is involved in developing talent.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted February 20, 2010

    Outstanding narrative of recent research in skill development.

    The Talent Code by Daniel Coyle is a very entertaining treatment of potentially dry subject matter. Daniel Coyle explores recognized hotbeds of talent and postulates similarities of their successes. He spends a great deal of time weaving the results of recent "brain development" studies throughout the interesting treatise.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted December 12, 2009

    more from this reviewer

    A must read for Team Leaders!

    Loved this book and have encouraged others to read it. Proves time on task over time wins everytime! Also good stories to share and motivate others with!!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 21, 2009

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted July 7, 2011

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted January 1, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

  • Anonymous

    Posted March 24, 2011

    No text was provided for this review.

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