For its first eighty-five years, the United States was only a minor naval power. Its fledgling fleet had been virtually annihilated during the War of Independence and was mostly trapped in port by the end of the War of 1812. How this meager presence became the major naval power it remains to this day is the subject of American Naval History, 1607–1865: Overcoming the Colonial Legacy. A wide-ranging yet concise survey of the U.S. Navy from the colonial era through the Civil War, the book draws on American, British, and French history to reveal how navies reflect diplomatic, political, economic, and social developments and to show how the foundation of America’s future naval greatness was laid during the Civil War.
Award-winning author Jonathan R. Dull documents the remarkable transformation of the U.S. Navy between 1861 and 1865, thanks largely to brilliant naval officers like David Farragut, David D. Porter, and Andrew Foote; visionary politicians like Abraham Lincoln and Gideon Welles; and progressive industrialists like James Eads and John Ericsson. But only by understanding the failings of the antebellum navy can the accomplishments of Lincoln’s navy be fully appreciated. Exploring such topics as delays in American naval development, differences between the U.S. and European fleets, and the effect that the country’s colonial past had on its naval policies, Dull offers a new perspective on both American naval history and the history of the developing republic.
About the Author
Jonathan R. Dull is the author of The French Navy and the Seven Years’ War; The Age of the Ship of the Line; and Benjamin Franklin and the American Revolution, all available from the University of Nebraska Press.
Table of Contents
1 The American Colonies and the British Navy, 1607-1775 1
2 The War against Britain, 1775-1783 17
3 A New Navy Fights France and the Barbary States, 1783-1805 33
4 A Precarious Neutrality Ends in a Second War against Britain, 1805-1815 49
5 Trade Protection and War with Mexico, 1815-1861 65
6 The Civil War, 1861-1865 83
7 Epilogue 123
Notes and Suggested Further Reading 127
Map of the Mississippi Valley 93