Backlash 9/11: Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans Respond / Edition 1 available in Paperback
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For most Americans, September 11, 2001, symbolized the moment when their security was altered. For Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans, 9/11 also ushered in a backlash in the form of hate crimes, discrimination, and a string of devastating government initiatives. This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of the impact of the post-9/11 events on Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans as well as their organized response. Through fieldwork and interviews with community leaders, Anny Bakalian and Mehdi Bozorgmehr show how ethnic organizations mobilized to demonstrate their commitment to the United States while defending their rights and distancing themselves from the terrorists.
|Publisher:||University of California Press|
|Edition description:||First Edition|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)|
About the Author
Anny Bakalian is Associate Director and Mehdi Bozorgmehr is Co-Director of the Middle East and Middle Eastern American Center at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. Bozorgmehr is also Associate Professor of Sociology at the City College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.
Table of ContentsList of Figures and TablesList of AbbreviationsAcknowledgments1. Backlash against Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans2. The Post-9/11 Backlash in Comparative and Historical Perspectives3. Immigration Patterns, Characteristics, and Identities4. Organizational Structures and Transformation5. Hate Crimes and Bias Incidents6. Government Initiatives and the Impact of the Backlash7. Mobilization8. Religious Accommodation, Civic Engagement, and Political IntegrationAppendix. A Time Line of Government Initiatives and ActionsNotesReferencesIndex
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"An indispensable and pioneering work."Journal of Balkan And Near Eastern Studies