In his pathbreaking Resource Wars, world security expert Michael Klare alerted us to the role of resources in conflicts in the post-cold-war world. Now, in Blood and Oil, he concentrates on a single precious commodity, petroleum, while issuing a warning to the United Statesits most powerful, and most dependent, global consumer.
Since September 11 and the commencement of the "war on terror," the world's attention has been focused on the relationship between U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and the oceans of crude oil that lie beneath the region's soil. Klare traces oil's impact on international affairs since World War II, revealing its influence on the Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon, and Carter doctrines. He shows how America's own wells are drying up as our demand increases; by 2010 the United States will need to import 60 percent of its oil. And since most of this supply will have to come from chronically unstable, often violently anti-American zonesthe Persian Gulf, the Caspian Sea, Latin America, and Africaour dependency is bound to lead to recurrent military involvement.
With clarity and urgency, Blood and Oil delineates the United States' predicament and cautions that it is time to change our energy policies, before we spend the next decades paying for oil with blood.
About the Author
Michael T. Klare is the author of fourteen books, including Resource Wars, Blood and Oil, Rising Powers, Shrinking Planet and The Race for What's Left. A regular contributor to Harper's, Foreign Affairs, and the Los Angeles Times, he is the defense analyst for The Nation and the director of the Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies at Hampshire College in Amherst.
Read an Excerpt
Blood and Oil
The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum
By Michael T. Klare Owl Books (NY)
Copyright © 2005 Michael T. Klare
All right reserved.
From Blood and Oil:
o In 1998, for the first time, more than half of the
United States' oil supply came from foreign
sources. Imports of foreign petroleum are
projected to rise to 60% in 2010, 65% in 2020,
and 70% by 2030.
o America's oil fields are experiencing irreversible
decline. Even if reserves in Alaska's wildlife
refuge are extracted, they will reduce U.S.
imports of foreign oil by only about 2% per year
for the next two decades-an almost negligible
o To pay for all of this imported oil, American
businesses and consumers will have to cough up
an estimated $3.5 trillion between 2000 and 2025-
if oil remains within a moderate price range.
o Even more importantly, since most of the world's
remaining oil resources are located in deeply
unstable regions-over 65% in the Persian Gulf
alone-military involvement to ensure access is
Excerpted from Blood and Oil by Michael T. Klare Copyright © 2005 by Michael T. Klare. Excerpted by permission.
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Table of Contents
|1||The Dependency Dilemma: Imported Oil and National Security||1|
|2||Lethal Embrace: The American Alliance with Saudi Arabia||26|
|3||Choosing Dependency: The Energy Strategy of the Bush Administration||56|
|4||Trapped in the Gulf: The Irresistible Lure of Bountiful Petroleum||74|
|5||No Safe Havens: Oil and Conflict Beyond the Persian Gulf||113|
|6||Geopolitics Reborn: The U.S.-Russian-Chinese Struggle in the Persian Gulf and Caspian Basin||146|
|7||Escaping the Dilemma: A Strategy for Energy Autonomy and Integrity||180|
|Afterword: The Permanent Energy Crisis||203|