Chemical Engineering Primer with Computer Applications

Chemical Engineering Primer with Computer Applications

by Hussein K. Abdel-Aal

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Overview

Taking a highly pragmatic approach to presenting the principles and applications of chemical engineering, this companion text for students and working professionals offers an easily accessible guide to solving problems using computers. The primer covers the core concepts of chemical engineering, from conservation laws all the way up to chemical kinetics, without heavy stress on theory and is designed to accompany traditional larger core texts. The book presents the basic principles and techniques of chemical engineering processes and helps readers identify typical problems and how to solve them. Focus is on the use of systematic algorithms that employ numerical methods to solve different chemical engineering problems by describing and transforming the information. Problems are assigned for each chapter, ranging from simple to difficult, allowing readers to gradually build their skills and tackle a broad range of problems. MATLAB and Excel are used to solve many examples and the more than 70 real examples throughout the book include computer or hand solutions, or in many cases both. The book also includes a variety of case studies to illustrate the concepts and a downloadable file containing fully worked solutions to the book s problems on the publisher s website.



Introduces the reader to chemical engineering computation without the distractions caused by the contents found in many texts.


Provides the principles underlying all of the major processes a chemical engineer may encounter as well as offers insight into their analysis, which is essential for design calculations.


Shows how to solve chemical engineering problems using computers that require numerical methods using standard algorithms, such as MATLAB and Excel.


Contains selective solved examples of many problems within the chemical process industry to demonstrate how to solve them using the techniq

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781498730570
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 10/05/2016
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Hussein K. Abdel-Aal is emeritus professor of chemical engineering and petroleum refining, NRC, Cairo, Egypt. He received his BS in chemical engineering in 1956 from Alexandria University and MS and PhD in chemical engineering in 1962 and 1965, respectively, from Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. Prof. Abdel-Aal joined the Department of Chemical Engineering at KFUPM, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (1971–1985). He was the head of department for the period 1972–1974. He was also visiting professor with the Chemical Engineering Department at Texas A&M (1980–1981). In 1985–1988, he assumed the responsibility of the head of the Solar Energy Department, NRC, Cairo, before rejoining KFUPM for the period 1988–1998. Prof. Abdel-Aal conducted and coordinated projects involving a wide range of process development, feasibility studies, industrial research problems, and continuing education programs for many organizations, including Suez Oil Processing Company, Petromin in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), Arab Petroleum Investment Corp in Dhahran (Saudi Arabia), Hagler-Baily & Company, Washington DC, Mobil/Esso Oil Companies in Libya, and Kuwait oil companies.

Prof. Abdel-Aal has contributed to more than 90 technical papers, is the editor of Petroleum Economics & Engineering, third edition, 2014, and is the main author of the textbook entitled Petroleum and Gas Field Processing, second edition, 2016. Both books were published by Taylor & Francis Group/CRC Press. Prof. Abdel-Aal is listed in Who’s Who in the World, 1982, is member of AIChE, Sigma Si, Phi Lambda Upsilon. He is a fellow and founding member of the board of directors of the International Association of Hydrogen Energy.

Table of Contents

Section I An Insight into Chemical Engineering

Chapter 1 Introductory Concepts

1.1 System of Units

1.2 Process Variables

1.3 Gas Laws

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 2 Basic Principles and Introduction to Calculations

2.1 The Two Building Blocks of Chemical Engineering: Unit Operation and Unit Processes

2.2 Chemical Process Industry

2.3 Chemical Plant

2.4 Process Design

2.5 Role of Material and Energy Balances, Thermodynamics, and Kinetics

2.6 Design Variables for Sizing Piping and Process Equipment

2.7 Basic Definitions

2.8 Conversion of Physical Events and Principles to Mathematical Formula

2.9 Basic Laws

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Section II Principles, Methods, and Techniques of Engineering Economics and Analysis

Chapter 3 Numerical Methods and Chemical Engineering Computations

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Basic Definitions and Introductory Remarks

3.3 Areas and Domain of Numerical Methods

3.4 Applications Using Elementary Numerical Methods

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 4 The Approach to Solve Problems by Computers

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Methodology

4.3 Model Development and Mathematical Formulation

4.4 Applications

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Section III Backbone Materials

Chapter 5 Fluid Flow and Transport of Fluids

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Definitions and Terminology in Fluid Mechanics

5.3 Classification of Fluid Flow

5.4 Parameters in Laminar Flow

5.5 Fluid Statics

5.6 Overall Energy Balance Equation

5.7 Solved Examples

5.8 Piping and Pumps

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 6 Heat Transmission

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Modes of Heat Transfer

6.3 Heat Transfer by Conduction

6.4 Heat Transfer by Convection

6.5 Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

6.6 Heat Transfer by Radiation

6.7 Heat Exchangers

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

6A Appendix: Internal-Flow Convection Correlations

Chapter 7 Two-Phase Liquid–Gas Diffusional Operations: Distillation and Absorption

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Three Pillars for Distillation

7.3 Features of Distillation Units

7.4 Design of Distillation Columns

7.5 McCabe–Thiele Method

7.6 Shortcut Methods: Fenske–Underwood–Gilliland

7.7 Column Diameter

7.8 Flash Distillation

7.9 Reactive Distillation

7.10 Basic Concepts

7.11 Outline of Design Approach

7.12 Graphical Methods: Solution for Simple Countercurrent Absorption Operations

7.13 Material Balance Calculations

7.14 Analytical Methods: Equations to Calculate the Number of Stages for Absorbers/Strippers

7.15 Transfer Unit Concept for Absorption in Packed Columns

7.16 Role of Absorption in Natural Gas Field Processing

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 8 Reaction Kinetics, Chemical Reactors, and Thermodynamics

8.1 Part I: Fundamentals of Reaction Kinetics

8.2 Part II: Types and Design of Chemical Reactors

8.3 Part III: Introduction to Thermodynamics

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 9 Chemical Plant Design and Process Economics

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Plant Design is the Heart of Chemical Engineering

9.3 How to Handle a Design Project?

9.4 Other Aspects in Plant Design

9.5 The Role of Economics in Plant Design

End-of-Chapter Solved Examples

Chapter 10 Case Studies

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Case Study 1: Alternatives of Storage of Ammonia

10.3 Case Study 2: Flash Dewatering of Raw Sewage Effluents

10.4 Case Study 3: Magnesium Extraction from Seawater

10.5 Case Study 4: Chemical Desalting of Brines

10.6 Case Study 5: Applications of Differential Equations

10.7 Case Study 6: Reactive Distillation

Appendix A: Application Problems

Appendix B: Mathematical Methods and Review Notes

Appendix C: Conversion Tables

Bibliography

Index

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