Citizenship is often assumed to be a clear-cut issue—either one has it or one does not. However, as the contributors to Citizenship in Question demonstrate, citizenship is not self-evident; it emerges from often obscure written records and is interpreted through ambiguous and dynamic laws. In case studies that analyze the legal barriers to citizenship rights in over twenty countries, the contributors explore how states use evidentiary requirements to create and police citizenship, often based on fictions of racial, ethnic, class, and religious differences. Whether examining the United States’ deportation of its own citizens, the selective use of DNA tests and secret results in Thailand, or laws that have stripped entire populations of citizenship, the contributors emphasize the political, psychological, and personal impact of citizenship policies. Citizenship in Question incites scholars to revisit long-standing political theories and debates about nationality, free movement, and immigration premised on the assumption of clear demarcations between citizens and noncitizens.
Contributors. Alfred Babo, Jacqueline Bhabha, Jacqueline Field, Amanda Flaim, Sara L. Friedman, Daniel Kanstroom, Benjamin N. Lawrance, Beatrice McKenzie, Polly J. Price, Rachel E. Rosenbloom, Kim Rubenstein, Kamal Sadiq, Jacqueline Stevens, Margaret D. Stock
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About the Author
Jacqueline Stevens is Professor of Political Science and founding director of the Deportation Research Clinic in the Buffett Institute for Global Studies at Northwestern University and the author of States without Nations: Citizenship for Mortals.
Table of ContentsPreface: Ace's Story ix
Introduction / Jacqueline Stevens 1
Part I. International and Regional Protocols: Citizenship and Statelessness Protocols
1. Jus Soli and Statelessness: A Comparative Perspective from the Americas / Polly J. Price 27
2. The Politics of Evidence: Roma Citizenship Deficits in Europe / Jacqueline Bhabha 43
3. Statelessness-in-Question: Expert Testimony and the Evidentiary Burden of Statelessness / Benjamin N. Lawrance 60
4. Reproducing Uncertainty: Documenting Contested Sovereignty and Citizenship across the Taiwan Strait / Sara L. Friedman 81
5. What is a "Real" Australian Citizen?: Insights from Papua New Guinea and Mr. Amos Ame / Kim Rubenstein with Jacqueline Field 100
Part II. Official or Administrative Acts
6. To Know a Citizen: Birthright Citizenship Documents Regimes in U.S. History / Beatrice McKenzie 117
7. From the Outside Looking In: U.S. Passports in the Borderlands / Rachel E. Rosenbloom 132
8. Problems of Evidence, Evidence of Problems: Expanding Citizenship and Reproducing Statelessness among Highlanders in Northern Thailand / Amanda Flaim 147
9. Limits of Legal Citizenship: Narratives from South and Southeast Asia / Kamal Sadiq 165
Part III. Legislatures and Court Disputes
10. American Birthright Citizenship Rules and the Exclusion of "Outsiders" from the Political Community / Margaret D. Stock 179
11. Ivoirité and Citizenship in Ivory Coast: The Controversial Policy of Authenticity / Alfred Babo 200
12. The Alien Who Is a Citizen / Jacqueline Stevens 217
Afterword / Daniel Kanstroom 240
What People are Saying About This
"By focusing on the difficulties citizens can face in proving that they are, in fact, citizens, as well as the frightening consequences that flow from these difficulties, the contributors to this volume offer a disturbing analysis of the precariousness of modern citizenship. Citizenship in Question is one of the most original and important books on citizenship in years."
"Writing on citizenship tends to take the legal status of citizens for granted. But what happens when a government refuses to recognize its own citizens? Citizenship in Question uniquely probes how citizenship status has been challenged by various levels of government and the dire consequences that can ensue. Presenting a great deal of new and little-known material, this volume is the first of its kind."