Exploring the complex and controversial topic of civilian oversight of police, this book analyzes the issues and debates entailed by civilian oversight by using worldwide perspectives, in-depth case studies, and a wealth of survey data. Integrating and summarizing decades of research from many locations around the globe, Civilian Oversight of Police: Advancing Accountability in Law Enforcement uses a very clear and consistent pattern of findings to address the overall management of police conduct.
The book examines the history and performance of oversight agencies in multiple jurisdictions around the world. The evidence used includes:
- Citizen, complainant, and police views on oversight
- Stakeholder experiences with different types of responses to complaints
- Data about police conduct
Emphasizing the concept of shared responsibility for effective police integrity management, the book discusses what does and does not work in maximizing police management and performance. It presents a best practices model for managing police conduct and describes the impact of oversight agencies on police policy, including innovative means by which agencies can work with police departments to improve police conduct.
Civilian Oversight of Police provides a critical resource on police conduct for professionals as well as academics. It makes practical recommendations for achieving a "win-win" balance in addressing the needs and interests of all parties involved with the police complaints and accountability process. It also marks a starting point to stimulate further research as well as increased collaboration between researchers and practitioners to enhance the stock of knowledge for effective police integrity management and democratic accountability.
About the Author
Tim Prenzler is a professor at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia, where he is program convenor of the Bachelor in Criminology and Justice. He was a chief investigator in the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security, based at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia, where he managed the Integrity Systems Research Program. He was also a member of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. He is the author of Police Corruption: Preventing Misconduct and Maintaining Integrity; coauthor, with Adam Graycar, of Understanding and Preventing Corruption; editor of Policing and Security in Practice: Challenges and Achievements; and editor of Professional Practice in Crime Prevention and Security Management.
Garth den Heyer is a qualitative researcher whose interests include police organizational reform and performance and police service delivery effectiveness. He is an inspector with the New Zealand Police, a lecturer with Walden University in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and a senior research fellow with the Police Foundation in Washington, DC. He has a doctorate in public policy from Charles Sturt University in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. He has published extensively on police reform and is the author of The Role of Civilian Police in Peacekeeping: 1999-2007 and Use of Econometric Modeling and Analysis to Support Operational Policing.
Table of Contents
SETTING THE CONTEXT
Scandal, Inquiry, and Reform: The Evolving Locus of Responsibility for Police Integrity
Independent Minded: The Role and Status of "Independence" in the Investigation of Police Complaints
Stephen P. Savage
STAKEHOLDER PERSPECTIVES ON COMPLAINTS AGAINST POLICE
Democratic Policing, Public Opinion, and External Oversight
Complainants’ Views of Police Complaint Systems: The Gap between Aspiration and Experience
Louise Porter and Tim Prenzler
Police Views on Processing Complaints against Police
REGIONAL, NATIONAL, AND JURISDICTIONAL ACCOUNTS OF EXTERNAL OVERSIGHT
Civilian Oversight of Police in Africa: Trends and Challenges
Julie Berg and Simon Howell
Police Accountability and Citizen Oversight in Emerging Democracies in Asia
Mahesh K. Nalla
The Interface between Human Rights and Police Complaints in Europe
Citizen Oversight in the United States and Canada: Applying Outcome Measures and Evidence-Based Concepts
Geoffrey P. Alpert, Tyler Cawthray, Jeff Rojek and Frank Ferdik
Police Independent Oversight in Australia and New Zealand
Garth den Heyer and Alan Beckley
TOWARD A MODEL SYSTEM
Police Professional Standards Units and External Oversight Agencies: Can There Be Productive Collaboration?
Managing Police Conduct: Finding the Ideal Division of Labor between Internal and External Processes