CliffsNotes AP U.S. Government and Politics Cram Plan

CliffsNotes AP U.S. Government and Politics Cram Plan

by Jeri A. Jones, Lindsay Reeves

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Overview


CliffsNotes AP U.S. Government Cram Plan gives you a study plan leading up to your AP exam no matter if you have two months, one month, or even one week left to review before the exam!
 
This new edition of CliffsNotes AP U.S. Government and Politics Cram Plan calendarizes a study plan for the 214,000 annual AP U.S. Government test-takers depending on how much time they have left before they take the May exam.

Features of this plan-to-ace-the-exam product include:

• 2-month study calendar and 1-month study calendar
• Diagnostic exam that helps test-takers pinpoint strengths and weaknesses
• Subject reviews that include test tips and chapter-end quizzes
• Full-length model practice exam with answers and explanations
 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780544915688
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Publication date: 02/26/2019
Edition description: First Edition, New edition
Pages: 352
Sales rank: 1,133,340
Product dimensions: 7.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author


JERI A. JONES, M.A., teaches and develops curriculum in AP U.S. Government and Politics in the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Table of Contents

Preface viii

Introduction 1

Exam Format 1

Scoring 2

Question Types 2

Multiple-Choice Questions 3

Free-Response Questions 3

Units 5

Big Ideas 6

Disciplinary Practices and Reasoning Processes 6

Disciplinary Practices 7

Reasoning Processes 7

Required Foundational Documents and Supreme Court Cases 8

Required Foundational Documents 8

Required Supreme Court Cases 8

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 9

Test-Taking Strategies 10

General Test-Taking Strategies 10

Stick to the College Board Unit Key Concepts 10

Know the Big Ideas 10

Know the Required Foundational Documents and Supreme Court Cases 11

Know the Disciplinary Practices and Reasoning Processes 11

Know How to Link the Source to Your Answer 11

Know Political Science Vocabulary 12

Specific Test-Taking Strategies 12

Strategies for Multiple-Choice Questions 13

Strategies for Free-Response Questions 15

1 Two-Month Cram Plan 21

2 One-Month Cram Plan 24

3 Diagnostic Test 27

Answer Sheet for Multiple-Choice Questions 28

Section I 29

Multiple-Choice Questions 29

Section II 37

Free-Response Questions 37

Answer Key for Multiple-Choice Questions 40

Answer Explanations 40

Section I 40

Multiple-Choice Questions 40

Section II 45

Free-Response Questions 45

4 Unit 1: Foundations of American Democracy 51

Overview of AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 1 51

AP U.S. Government and Politics Key Concepts 51

Study Questions 54

Important Terms and Concepts Checklist 54

Chapter Review 55

Balance of Power 56

The Foundations of the New Government 56

Limited Government 60

Models of Representative Democracy 61

U.S. Constitution (1787) 62

Political Compromises 66

Political Divisions-Federalists and Anti-Federalists 66

Electoral College 71

Great Compromise 71

Slave Trade Compromise 73

Contemporary Connections to Political Divisions 75

The Preservation of Basic Freedoms 76

The Tenth Amendment 76

Separation of Powers 76

Checks and Balances 77

Federalist No. 51 78

Federalism: The Division of Federal and State Powers 79

Constitutional Division of Powers 80

Chapter Review Practice Questions 86

Multiple-Choice Questions 86

Free-Response Question 91

Answers and Explanations 92

Multiple-Choice Questions 92

Free-Response Question 95

5 Unit 2: Interactions among Branches of Government 97

Overview of AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 2 97

AP U.S. Government and Politics Key Concepts 97

Study Questions 99

Important Terms and Concepts Checklist 100

Chapter Review 101

Overview of the U.S. Branches of Government 101

The Legislative Branch 103

Congress 103

The Legislative Process 109

The Executive Branch 122

History of the Executive Office of President 122

Executive Powers 124

Organization of the Executive Branch 126

Policy Initiatives of the Executive Branch 131

The Impact of Technology oh the Presidency 132

The Judicial Branch 133

Overview of the Judicial Branch 133

The History of the Judicial Branch 133

The Selection of Justices 134

The Organization of the Judicial Court System 135

The Supreme Court 136

Judicial Review 138

Marbury v. Madison (1803) 138

Judicial Decision Making 139

Judical Philosophies 140

Supreme Court Limitations by Other Branches of Government 142

The Federal Bureaucracy 142

Overview of Federal Bureaucracy 143

Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy 143

Tasks of the Federal Bureaucracy 145

Rule-Making Authority 146

Discretionary Authority 146

The Iron Triangle 147

Issue Networks 148

The Spoils System 148

The Merit System 149

Chapter Review Practice Questions 150

Multiple-Choice Questions 150

Free-Response Question 154

Answers and Explanations 154

Multiple-Choice Questions 154

Free-Response Question 156

6 Unit 3: Civil Liberties and Civil Rights 160

Overview of AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 3 160

AP U.S. Government and Politics Key Concepts 161

Study Questions 163

Important Terms and Concepts Checklist 163

Chapter Review 165

Interpretations of the Bill of Rights 166

Limitations of the Bill of Rights 166

The First Amendment 167

The Eighth Amendment 177

The Second Amendment 179

Protections of the Bill of Rights 181

Selective Incorporation 181

Due Process Clause 181

The Miranda Rule 182

The Exclusionary Rule 184

Due Process and the Right to Privacy 185

Equal Protection 189

Civil Rights 191

The Civil Rights Act (1964) 191

Title IX of the Civil Rights Act Amendments (1972) 191

The Voting Rights Act (1965) 191

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 193

The National Organization for Women (NOW) 194

The Pro-Life Movement 195

Affirmative Action 195

Chapter Review Practice Questions 200

Multiple-Choice Questions 200

Free-Response Question 202

Answers and Explanations 203

Multiple-Choice Questions 203

Free-Response Question 205

7 Unit 4: American Political Ideologies and Beliefs 207

Overview of AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 4 207

AP U 5. Government and Politics Key Concepts 207

Study Questions 209

Important Terms and Concepts Checklist 210

Chapter Review 211

Political Beliefs 211

American Political Culture 211

Political Socialization 215

Equality of Opportunity 217

Globalization 217

Public Opinion 218

Measuring Public Opinion 218

Public Opinion Case Study 224

Political Ideologies 224

Democratic and Republican Ideological Differences 225

Political Ideological Poles in Market Regulations 227

Political Ideological Roles in Economic Policies 229

Economic Theories 230

Chapter Review Practice Questions 233

Multiple-Choice Questions 234

Free-Response Question 237

Answers and Explanations 237

Multiple-Choice Questions 237

Free-Response Question 240

8 Unit 5: Political Participation 243

Overview of AP U.S. Government and Politics Unit 5 243

AP U.S. Government and Politics Key Concepts 243

Study Questions 246

Important Terms and Concepts Checklist 247

Chapter Review 248

Voting 249

The History of American Voting 249

Voting Behavior 251

Voter Turnout 252

Voter Choices 257

Voter Incentives and Voter Penalties 257

Linkage Institutions 258

Political Parties 261

Interest Groups 267

Elections 271

Mass Media 284

Chapter Review Practice Questions 287

Multiple-Choice Questions 287

Free-Response Question 291

Answers and Explanations 291

Multiple-Choice Questions 291

Free-Response Question 294

9 Full-Length Practice Exam 297

Answer Sheet for Section I: Multiple-Choice Questions 298

Section I Multiple-Choice Questions 299

Section II Free-Response Questions 313

Question 1 313

Question 2 314

Question 3 315

Question 4 316

Answer Key for Section I: Multiple-Choice Questions 317

Answer Explanations 317

Section I Multiple-Choice Questions 317

Section II Free-Response Questions 328

Question 1 328

Question 2 329

Question 3 330

Question 4 332

Appendix: Required Foundational Documents and Supreme Court Cases 335

Required Foundational Documents 335

Required Supreme Court Cases 338

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