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# CliffsNotes ASVAB Cram Plan 2nd Edition

448## Overview

**The perfect way to study for the ASVAB whether you have two months, one month, or even one week left to prepare!**

The ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery) consists of ten subtests, including Electronics Information, Automotive and Shop Information, Mechanical Comprehension, and Assembling Objects, that help determine what job in the U.S. military a successful enlistee is qualified for. More than one million people per year participate in the ASVAB qualifying program.

Features of this plan-to-ace-the-test product include:

- Timed, boxed calendars for preparing to take the test—two-month study calendar, one-month study calendar, and one-week study calendar
- Diagnostic test that helps test-takers pinpoint strengths and weaknesses so they can focus their review on topics in which they need the most help
- Subject reviews that succinctly cover need-to-know topics on the test
- Model practice test with answers and explanations

## Product Details

ISBN-13: | 9781328637925 |
---|---|

Publisher: | HMH Books |

Publication date: | 01/14/2020 |

Edition description: | Second Edition, Revised |

Pages: | 448 |

Sales rank: | 156,270 |

Product dimensions: | 7.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.30(d) |

## About the Author

**AMERICAN BOOKWORKS CORPORATION**was a Connecticut-based book packager that specialized in test-prep products.

**CAROLYN C. WHEATER**is a math instructor at the Nightingale-Bamford School in New York City and writes extensively on standardized test mathematics. She resides in Hawthorne, New Jersey.

**JANE R. BURSTEIN**has been an ACT and SAT tutor for numerous years and writes extensively on standardized test ELA. She resides in Roslyn, New York.

## Table of Contents

Introduction viii

About the Test viii

The AFQT x

About This Book x

1 Two-Month Cram Plan 1

2 One-Month Cram Plan 8

3 One-Week Cram Plan 12

4 Diagnostic Test 16

Section 1 General Science 16

Section 2 Arithmetic Reasoning 18

Section 3 Word Knowledge 20

Section 4 Paragraph Comprehension 22

Section 5 Mathematics Knowledge 25

Section 6 Electronics Information 27

Section 7 Auto and Shop Information 29

Section 8 Mechanical Comprehension 31

Section 9 Assembling Objects 33

Answer Key 38

Answer Explanations 39

5 General Science 48

A Life Sciences 48

The Cellular Basis of Life 48

Movement through the Plasma Membrane 48

Photosynthesis 49

Cellular Respiration and Fermentation 49

Cell Division 49

Genetics 50

Principles of Evolution 51

Classification of Life (Taxonomy) 54

Anatomy and Physiology 61

Ecology 66

B Chemistry 68

Matter and Atomic Structure 68

The Periodic Table 69

Measurements 74

Energy 75

Radioactivity 75

Metals 76

Organic Chemistry 76

C Physics 77

Motion 77

Weight and Mass 79

Frictional Force 80

Energy and Work 80

Fluids 81

Sound Waves 82

Electricity 82

D Earth Science 83

Geology 83

Meteorology 84

Oceanography 85

Astronomy 86

Practice 87

Answers 89

6 Arithmetic Reasoning 91

A The Numbers of Arithmetic 91

Natural Numbers 91

Whole Numbers 91

Integers 93

Fractions 93

Decimals 95

Percents 97

Practice 98

Answers 99

B Arithmetic Operations 99

The Order of Operations 99

Operations with Whole Numbers 100

Operations with Decimals 106

Operations with Fractions 109

Operations with Integers 112

Practice 114

Answers 115

C Arithmetic Word Problems 117

Basic One-Step and Two-Step Problems 117

Perimeter and Area 118

Arithmetic Mean 119

Ratio, Rate, and Proportion 120

Work Problems 123

Percent Problems 124

Practice 127

Answers 128

7 Word Knowledge 131

A Improving Your Vocabulary 131

B Boosting Your Score with Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes 131

Prefixes 132

Roots 133

Suffixes 135

C Strategies for Scoring Well 136

Practice 136

Answers 139

8 Paragraph Comprehension 141

A Test-Taking Strategies 141

B Question Types 142

Identifying Stated Facts 142

Identifying Reworded Facts 143

Determining Sequence of Events 144

Identifying Main ideas 145

Drawing Conclusions 146

Determining Purpose 147

Identifying Technique 148

Determining Mood and Tone 149

Practice 151

Answers 155

9 Mathematics Knowledge 157

A Number Theory 157

Factors 157

Powers and Roots 161

Practice 164

Answers 165

B Algebraic Operations and Equations 166

Distributive Property 166

Evaluating Expressions 167

Solving Linear Equations 167

Multiplication of Variable Expressions 170

Factoring 172

Rational Expressions 172

Practice 174

Answers 175

C Geometry 176

Measurement 176

Segments 177

Angles 177

Triangles 180

Quadrilaterals 182

Circles 184

Coordinate Geometry 185

Practice 187

Answers 188

D Counting and Probability 189

Basic Counting Principle 189

Permutations and Combinations 190

Venn Diagrams 192

Simple Probability 194

Compound Probability 194

Practice 196

Answers 197

10 Electronics Information 199

A Basics of Electricity 199

B Electric Power Generation 201

C Electrical Components, Units, and Symbols 202

D AC and DC Power 205

E Ohm's Law 207

F Joule's Law 209

G Wires, Cables, and Traces 210

H Electric Motors 212

I Analog and Digital Devices 213

J Semiconductors 213

K Integrated Circuits 214

L Electronic Test Equipment 215

Practice 218

Answers 219

11 Auto and Shop Information 221

A Automobile Knowledge 221

Engine Basics 221

Engine Lubrication 224

Warning Lights and Gauges 225

Engine Cooling 226

Fuel Supply 226

Ignition 226

Hybrid Vehicles 227

Fuel Cell Vehicles 227

The Electrical System 228

Drivetrain 230

Suspensions 231

Steering Systems 233

Brakes 234

B Shop Information 235

Measuring Tools 235

Fasteners 237

Miscellaneous Hardware 239

Hand Tools 240

Clamps and Vises 249

Abrasives and Wood Preparation 250

Joints and Gluing 251

Lumber 254

Power Tools 255

Practice 258

Answers 259

12 Mechanical Comprehension 261

A Properties of Materials 261

Weight, Density, and Strength 261

Expansion and Contraction 262

Absorption 262

Center of Gravity 262

B Structural Support 265

C Fluid Dynamics 266

D Mechanical Motion 268

Friction 268

E Centrifuges 269

F Simple Machines 270

Lever 270

Inclined Plane 270

Screw 271

Pulley 271

Wedge 273

Wheel and Axle 274

G Compound Machines 274

Cam and Piston 274

Gears 275

Crank or Winch 275

Linkages 276

Belts and Chains 276

H Scoring Well on Mechanical Comprehension 276

Practice 277

Answers 278

13 Assembling Objects 279

A Puzzles 279

B Connections 282

Practice 283

Answers 284

14 Student ASVAB Full-Length Practice Test with Answer Explanations 285

15 CAT-ASVAB Full-Length Practice Test with Answer Explanations 336

16 MET-Site ASVAB Full-Length Practice Test with Answer Explanations 379