Comparing Judaism and Christianity: Common Judaism, Paul, and the Inner and the Outer in Ancient Religion

Comparing Judaism and Christianity: Common Judaism, Paul, and the Inner and the Outer in Ancient Religion

by E. Sanders


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Few scholars have so shaped the contemporary debate on the relation of early Christianity to early Judaism as E. P. Sanders, and no one has produced a clearer or more distinctive vision of that relationship as it was expressed in the figures of Jesus of Nazareth and Paul the apostle.

Gathered for the first time within one cover, here Sanders presents formative essays that show the structure of his approach and the insights it produces into Paul's relationship to Judaism and the Jewish law. Sanders addresses matters of definition ("common Judaism," "covenantal nomism"), diversity (the Judaism of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Diaspora), and key exegetical and historical questions relative to Jesus, Paul, and Christian origins in relationship to early Judaism.

These essays show a leading scholar at his most erudite as he carries forward and elaborates many of the insights that have become touchstones in New Testament interpretation.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781506406077
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress, Publishers
Publication date: 10/01/2016
Pages: 468
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

E. P. Sanders is Arts and Sciences Professor of Religion Emeritus at Duke University and has taught at McMaster University and Queen's College, Oxford. His landmark works include, from Fortress Press, Comparing Judaism and Christianity (2016), Paul: The Apostle's Life, Letters, and Thought (2016), Judaism: Practice and Belief, 63 BCE-66 CE (2016; first published 1992), Jewish Law from Jesus to the Mishnah (2016; first published 1990), Jesus and Judaism (1985), and Paul, the Law, and the Jewish People (1983).

Table of Contents

Also E. P. Sanders ix

Preface xi

Acknowledgements xiii

Abbreviations xv

1 Comparing Judaisrn and Christianity an Academic Autobiography 1

Part I Early Judaism and the Jewish Law

2 The Origin of the Phrase "Common Judaism" 31

3 Covenantal Nomism Revisited 51

4 The Dead Sea Sect and Other Jews Commonalities, Overlaps, and Differences 85

5 Common Judaism and the Synagogue in the First Century 125

Part II Paul, Judaism, and Paulinism

6 The Covenant as a Soteriological Category and the Nature of Salvation in Palestinian and Hellenistic Judaism 141

7 God Gave the Law to Condemn Providence in Paul and Josephus 175

8 Literary Dependence in Colossians 197

9 Was Paul a Prooftexter? The Case of Galatians 3 219

10 Did Paul Break with Judaism? 231

11 Did Paul's Theology Develop? 241

12 Paul's Jewishness 267

13 Jewish Association with Gentiles and Galatians 2:11-14 287

Part III Inner and Outer in the Study of Religion

14 "By Their Fruits You Shall Know Them" Inner Governs Outer 311

15 Wolves in Sheep's Clothing Hypocrisy and Sincerity 327

16 Tithing Mint, Dill, and Cumin Triviality and Rituals 345

17 Defenses against Charges of Hypocrisy and Triviality 361

18 Faith and Works in Ancient Judaism 379

19 Faith and Works in Early Christianity 395

20 Insider and Outsider in Ancient Judaism 407

21 Insider and Outsider in Early Christianity 417

22 Christianity, Judaism, and Humanism 429

Index of Names 447

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