Edo Kabuki in Transition: From the Worlds of the Samurai to the Vengeful Female Ghost

Edo Kabuki in Transition: From the Worlds of the Samurai to the Vengeful Female Ghost

by Satoko Shimazaki


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Satoko Shimazaki revisits three centuries of kabuki theater, reframing it as a key player in the formation of an early modern urban identity in Edo Japan and exploring the process that resulted in its re-creation in Tokyo as a national theatrical tradition. Challenging the prevailing understanding of early modern kabuki as a subversive entertainment and a threat to shogunal authority, Shimazaki argues that kabuki instilled a sense of shared history in the inhabitants of Edo (present-day Tokyo) by invoking "worlds," or sekai, derived from earlier military tales, and overlaying them onto the present. She then analyzes the profound changes that took place in Edo kabuki toward the end of the early modern period, which witnessed the rise of a new type of character: the vengeful female ghost.

Shimazaki's bold reinterpretation of the history of kabuki centers on the popular ghost play Tokaido Yotsuya kaidan (The Eastern Seaboard Highway Ghost Stories at Yotsuya, 1825) by Tsuruya Nanboku IV. Drawing not only on kabuki scripts but also on a wide range of other sources, from theatrical ephemera and popular fiction to medical and religious texts, she sheds light on the development of the ubiquitous trope of the vengeful female ghost and its illumination of new themes at a time when the samurai world was losing its relevance. She explores in detail the process by which nineteenth-century playwrights began dismantling the Edo tradition of "presenting the past" by abandoning their long-standing reliance on the sekai. She then reveals how, in the 1920s, a new generation of kabuki playwrights, critics, and scholars reinvented the form again, "textualizing" kabuki so that it could be pressed into service as a guarantor of national identity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780231172264
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 04/26/2016
Pages: 392
Sales rank: 835,655
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Satoko Shimazaki is assistant professor of Japanese literature and theater at the University of Southern California. Her research focuses on early modern Japanese theater and popular literature; the modern history of kabuki; gender representation on the kabuki stage; and the interaction of performance, print, and text.

Table of Contents

A Note to the Reader
Part I. The Birth of Edo Kabuki
1. Presenting the Past: Edo Kabuki and the Creation of Community
Part II. The Beginning of the End of Edo Kabuki: Yotsuya kaidan in 1825
2. Overturning the World: The Treasury of Loyal Retainers and Yotsuya kaidan
3. Shades of Jealousy: The Body of the Female Ghost
4. The End of the World: Figures of the Ubume and the Breakdown of Theater Tradition
Part III: The Modern Rebirth of Kabuki
5. Another History: Yotsuya kaidan on Stage and Page

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