The study of the New South has in recent decades been greatly enriched by research into gender, reshaping our understanding of the struggle for woman suffrage, the conflicted nature of race and class in the South, the complex story of politics, and the role of family and motherhood in black and white society. This book brings together nine essays that examine the importance of gender, race, and culture in the New South, offering a rich and varied analysis of the multifaceted role of gender in the lives of black and white southerners in the troubled decades of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Ranging widely from conservative activism by white women in 1920s Georgia to political involvement by black women in 1950s Memphis, many of these essays focus on southern women’s increasing public activities and high-profile images in the twentieth century. They tell how women shouldered responsibilities for local, national, and international interests; but just as nineteenth-century women’s status could be at risk from too much public presence, women of the New South stepped gingerly into the public arena, taking care to work within what they considered their current gender limitations. The authors—both established and up-and-coming scholars—take on subjects that reflect wide-ranging, sophisticated, and diverse scholarship on black and white women in the New South. They include the efforts of female Home Demonstration Agents to defeat debilitating diseases in rural Florida and the increasing participation of women in historic preservation at Monticello. They also reflect unique personal stories as diverse as lobbyist Kathryn Dunaway’s efforts to defeat the Equal Rights Amendment in Georgia and Susan Smith’s depiction by the national media as a racist southerner during coverage of her children’s deaths. Taken together, these nine essays contribute to the picture of women increasing their movement into political and economic life while all too often still maintaining their gendered place as determined by society. Their rich insights provide new ways to consider the meaning and role of gender in the post–Civil War South.
About the Author
Jonathan Daniel Wells is Associate Professor of History at Temple University and author of The Origins of the Southern Middle Class. Sheila R. Phipps is Associate Professor of History at Appalachian State University and author of Genteel Rebel: The Life of Mary Greenhow Lee.
Table of ContentsContents Editors’ Introduction Myth, Memory, and the Making of Lottie Moon / Regina D. Sullivan “To Do Her Duty Nobly and Well”: White Women’s Organizations in Georgia Debate Woman Suffrage, 1910–1920 / Stacey Horstmann Gatti “Consumed with a Ghastly Wasting”: Home Demonstration Confronts Disease in Rural Florida, 1920–1945 / Kelly Minor Playing with Jim Crow: Children’s Challenges to Segregated Recreational Space in New Orleans, 1945–1949 / A. Lee Levert A Woman’s Touch: Gender at Monticello, 1945–1960 / Megan Stubbendeck “Women Did Everything Except Run”: Black Women’s Participation in the 1959 Volunteer Ticket Campaign in Memphis, Tennessee / Elizabeth Gritter Organizing Breadmakers: Kathryn Dunaway’s ERA Battle and the Roots of Georgia’s Republican Revolution / Robin Morris “Look for the Union Label”: Organizing Women Workers and Women Consumers in the Southern Apparel Industry / Michelle Haberland The “Modern-Day Medea”: Susan Smith and the National Media / Keira V. Williams About the Contributors Index