The Hobbit is one of the most widely read and best-loved books of the twentieth century. Now Corey Olsen takes readers deep within the text to uncover its secrets and delights.
Exploring J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit” is a fun, thoughtful, and insightful companion volume designed to bring a thorough and original new reading of this great work to a general audience. Professor Corey Olsen takes readers on an in-depth journey through The Hobbit chapter by chapter, revealing the stories within the story: the dark desires of dwarves and the sublime laughter of elves, the nature of evil and its hopelessness, the mystery of divine providence and human choice, and, most of all, the transformation within the life of Bilbo Baggins. Exploring J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit” is a book that will make The Hobbit come alive for readers as never before.
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About the Author
COREY OLSEN is president of Signum University and founder of the Mythgard Institute, an online teaching center for the study of Tolkien and other works of imaginative literature. Through podcasts and his teaching website, The Tolkien Professor, Olsen brings his scholarship on Tolkien to the public. Join the conversation at http://www.tolkienprofessor.com, or on iTunes.
Read an Excerpt
I HAVE LOVED J.R.R. Tolkien’s books for as long as I can remember, though I must admit I don’t recall exactly how old I was when I first read The Hobbit; somewhere around eight, I believe. My very first reading of The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit doesn’t stand out in my memory, probably because it was followed immediately by my second reading and then my third. I have read the books at least once a year for the rest of my life to date. I was not, in some ways, a stereotypical “Tol¬kien nerd” as a teenager—I didn’t learn Quenya, I never taught myself to write Tengwar, and I have never worn a pair of rubber ears. My relationship with Tolkien has always been about reading and re-reading the books, immersing myself in the stories, in Tolkien’s world. No matter how many times I read them, I find there are always new discoveries to make.
Tolkien’s works served for me, as they have for many, as a gateway to the Middle Ages, inspiring an enduring fascination with medieval literature. (Tolkien’s books should probably come with some kind of warning attached: Caution! May Turn Readers into Medievalists!) I ended up getting my PhD in medieval English literature, and when I was hired as a professor at Washington College in Maryland, I was soon able to realize one of my life’s dreams: in addition to my courses on Chaucer and Arthurian literature, I also began to offer a course on Tolkien.
Teaching Tolkien’s works at the college level was just as much fun as I had expected it to be. In one way, that class was very different from any other class I had ever taught: most of the people who took my Tolkien class were people who had already read Tolkien, and many of them already considered themselves fans. As a medievalist, I had never had that experience before. I never had people sign up for my Chaucer class because Chaucer was their favorite author. No one had ever come up to me after class to show me the ragged and dearly loved copy of Chrétien de Troyes’s Arthurian romances that her parents had first read to her when she was seven. I never had a student who was a regular contributor to a Piers Plowman fan site and who customarily attended Langland conventions dressed up as Conscience or one of the theological virtues. Generally, the first order of business in teaching medieval literature is lowering students’ defenses against it and convincing them that although it is strange and foreign to us, it is still fun and worthwhile. My Tolkien students, by and large, needed far less convincing.
I found among my Tolkien students an obvious hunger to learn more and study the books more thoroughly. I also found numerous obstacles that students wanted help to overcome. Casual fans found many things about Tolkien’s writing difficult to understand, and some of his books difficult to get into at all (especially The Silmarillion). Many students, even those who had read Tolkien’s major works many times, confessed that they skipped over the poetry as they read, and that the songs and poems just didn’t seem all that important or relevant. All in all, I found that what students both liked best and profited from most was the opportunity to read carefully and slowly through the texts, working out the meanings of tough passages and seeing how the ideas in the story came together.
I taught my Tolkien course several times, but as I advanced in my academic career, I became increasingly dissatisfied with the other half of my professorial duties: the world of scholarly publication. Professors, of course, must “publish or perish,” as everyone knows, but I found the world of scholarly publication frustratingly limited. I would be greatly surprised if many people reading this introduction have ever read the articles on Sir Thomas Malory or even on Tolkien that I had accepted early on in my career. Typical academic books and journals circulate not to thousands, but to hundreds, or even to dozens, of people. They tend to be priced so high that only research libraries can afford to purchase them, and therefore the general public has little or no access to the work that most scholars do. Increasingly, scholarly publication has become in practice a closed conversation among scholars and some of their students. I knew that there were tens of thousands of people in the world who had the same desire to learn more about Tolkien that my college students shared, and I wanted to engage them in a conversation to which everyone could be invited.
In 2009, therefore, I started my podcast and website called The Tolkien Professor (www.tolkienprofessor.com). I started by posting lectures, and I was astounded by the response. Within a month of launching the podcast on iTunes, I had over a thousand subscribers, and in a year the podcast had had over a million downloads. People were even more excited than I expected about the opportunity to take part in a serious academic conversation about Tolkien. I began having recorded discussions, holding live call-in sessions, and hosting online seminars. I have been having a tremendous amount of fun talking to both dedicated Tolkien fans and new Tolkien readers alike over the past several years and helping to facilitate a deeper appreciation for Tolkien’s works.
This book brings together the lessons I’ve learned in the classroom, the experiences I’ve had through my podcast, and the love I’ve always had for Tolkien’s work. There is nothing I enjoy more than walking slowly through a great book with a group of people, taking the time to notice important details and keep track of themes that often slip by when you read on your own. I hope that you too will enjoy the journey.
Exploring The Hobbit
Many people, I have discovered, get nervous at the prospect of a literary critic discussing a work they love. Too many people have had unpleasant experiences in high school English classes in which they were made to disassemble works of literature, and they don’t want to see that grisly fate befall a work they actually value. This book, however, is not called Dissecting The Hobbit. I will not be acting as an amateur psychiatrist (or psychic), claiming to tell you what was in Tolkien’s mind and why as he wrote the book. I will not be enthroning myself on the judgment seat as the arbiter of taste, telling you which bits of The Hobbit are good and which are bad. In the end, this book just sets out to do a little more of what I suppose you already do yourself: reading and enjoying The Hobbit.
In Exploring J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit, we will take a journey through the story, looking carefully about us as we go. It is easy to rip through a book that you like at top speed; the main thing I hope to do is to slow things down enough to be able to see more clearly what is unfolding in the story as we go. We will take notice of the recurring themes and images in the book, thinking about the ideas that the story keeps coming back to and developing along the way. We will listen closely to all the songs and poems Tolkien has built into the story, for they reveal a great deal about the book and especially about the characters who sing or recite them. If we walk slowly and pay attention, we may find that our perspective is enriched by the journey as much as Bilbo’s was, and that our eyes have been opened to marvels that we never expected to see.
Table of Contents
A Most Excellent and Audacious Hobbit 17
In the Lone-lands 39
The Ridiculous and the Sublime 54
Over the Edge of the Wild 69
The Turning Point 84
Where the Wild Things Are 111
The Friend of Bears and the Guest of Eagles 127
The Stinging Fly 147
Burgling Faerie 166
The Return of the King 183
When the Thrush Knocks 196
Bilbo Earns His Reward 206
A Burglar Indeed 226
The Meeting of Opposites 238
To Sit on a Heap of Gold and Starve 248
A Leap in the Dark 258
The Sudden Turn 265
Snow After Fire 275
Under Cloud and Under Star 288
Index of Names and Places 309
What People are Saying About This
"Succeeds spectacularly. . . Olsen's highly accessible writing on such a beloved classic will appeal to Tolkien fans at all academic levels, while the detailed and thoughtful analysis of the original text will keep literary scholars and fantasy lovers engaged."Library Journal
"I cannot imagine a more patient, astute and well-informed guide to the world of The Hobbit than Corey Olson. His readers are lucky." – Patrick Curry, author of Defending Middle-earth
"Sharing Corey Olsen's personal view of The Hobbit is like having a long conversation with someone who shares the love of a favourite book and is excited to talk about it. His exploration of the journey of Bilbo Baggins will encourage readers to think more deeply about Tolkien's classic tale."Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, authors of The Art of The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien
"Most readers race through The Hobbit at breakneck speed, drawn onward by the exciting plot. Professor Olsen encourages us to slow down and take the scenic route, savoring each chapter. Through close, careful explication, he points out significant details and draws attention to hidden themes; he's particularly good at pointing out how Tolkien uses poems as characterization. Recommended to hobbit-fanciers everywhere." – John D. Rateliff, author of The History of the Hobbit
"An admirable and thought-provoking consideration of the underlying themes of The Hobbit, following the there-and-back-again progress from its famous first line on through to Bilbo's return home at the story's end."Douglas A. Anderson, author of The Annotated Hobbit
" Exploring J.R.R. Tolkien's ‘The Hobbit’ moves step by step through the text, explaining references, pointing out themes and clearly and carefully showing how Tolkien's book—although one of the most beloved children's book of the past century—isn't just for kids. Neither is Olsen's book, which will be as useful to adult readers as it is to students." – Michael Drout, Editor of J.R.R. Tolkien's Beowulf and the Critics and the J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia
"In clear, accessible language uncluttered with academic jargon, Exploring J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit does just that. Corey Olsen conducts the reader on a guided tour through this seminal work, pointing out crucial plot points and themes, analyzing characters, acquainting first-time readers with the appeal of Tolkien's bumbling hero, and helping returning readers enjoy Tolkien's classic even more more. An informative companion to an enduring classic." - Verlyn Flieger, author of Green Suns and Faërie
"Tolkien’s roads, it seems, go ever, ever on, but with as amiable and knowledgeable a guide as Olsen, the weather remains fine and the journey sweet." - Kirkus
"A work of love backed up by professional experience, this book is packed with information; the author’s infectious enthusiasm pervades his words, ensuring that what could have been a dry work in other hands will retain even a casual reader’s interest. The result is a text suitable for fans and scholars alike." - Publishers Weekly