From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy

From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy

by Jean-Pierre Filiu

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Overview


In his disturbing and timely book Jean-Pierre Filiu lays bare the strategies and tactics employed by the Middle Eastern autocracies, above all those of Syria, Egypt, Yemen and Algeria, that set out to crush the democratic uprisings of the 'Arab Revolution.'

In pursuit of these goals they turned to the intelligence agencies and internal security arms of the 'deep state,' the armed forces, and to street gangs such as the Shabiha to enforce their will. Alongside physical intimidation, imprisonment and murder, Arab counter-revolutionaries discredited and split their opponents by boosting Salafi-Jihadi groups such as Islamic State. They also released from prison hardline Islamists and secretly armed and funded them.

The full potential of the Arab counter-revolution surprised most observers, who thought they had seen it all from the Arab despots: their perversity, their brutality, their voracity. But the wider world underestimated their ferocious readiness literally to burn down their countries in order to cling to absolute power. Bashar al-Assad clambered to the top of this murderous class of tyrants, driving nearly half of the Syrian population in to exile and executing tens of thousands of his opponents. He has set a grisly precedent, one that other Arab autocrats are sure to follow in their pursuit of absolute power.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190264062
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 07/14/2015
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Jean-Pierre Filiu is Professor of Middle East Studies at Sciences Po in Paris, and has held visiting professorships at both Columbia University and Georgetown University. His book The Apocalypse in Islam was awarded the main prize by the French History Association. His books and articles on the Arab world have been published in a dozen languages. His most recent book is Gaza, also available from Oxford University Press.

Table of Contents

Foreword ix

1 Meet the Deep State 1

2 The Mythical Fathers of the Nation 19

3 The Modern Mamluks 45

4 The Algerian Matrix 83

5 The Rise of the Security Mafias 115

6 The 'Global Terror' Next Door 137

7 The Story of Two Squares in Egypt 151

8 Evil Twins in Yemen and Syria 193

9 Strangling Palestine 213

10 The Tunisian Alternative 229

Conclusion 249

Notes 255

Select English Bibliography 271

Chronology 273

Index 289

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