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Ever since the invention of the telegraph, journalists have sought to remove the barriers of time and space. Today, we readily accept that reporters can jet quickly to a distant location and broadcast instantly from a satellite-connected, video-enabled cell phone hanging from their belts. But now that live news coverage is possible from virtually anywhere, is foreign correspondence better? And what are the implications of recent changes in journalistic technology for policy makers and their constituents?
In From Pigeons to News Portals, edited by David D. Perlmutter and John Maxwell Hamilton, scholars and journalists survey, probe, and demystify the new foreign correspondence that has emerged from rapidly changing media technology. These distinguished authors challenge long-held beliefs about foreign news coverage, not the least of which is whether, in our interconnected world, such a thing as "foreign news" even exists anymore. Essays explore the ways people have used new media technology -- from satellites and cell phones to the Internet -- to affect content, delivery modes, and amount and style of coverage. They examine the ways in which speedy reporting conflicts with in-depth reporting, the pros and cons of "parachute" journalism, the declining dominance of mainstream media as a source of foreign news, and the implications of this new foreign correspondence for foreign policy.
Entertainment media such as film, television, and video gaming form worldwide opinions about America, often in negative ways. Meanwhile, live reporting abroad is both a blessing and curse for foreign policy makers. Because foreign news is so vital to effective policy making and citizenship, we imperil our future by failing to understand the changes technology brings and how we can wrest the best practice out of those changes. This provocative volume offers valuable insights and analyses to help us better understand the evolving state of foreign news.
About the Author
David D. Perlmutter is a professor and associate dean for graduate studies and research at the William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications at the University of Kansas. A documentary photographer, he is the author or editor of six published or forthcoming books on war, politics, visual images, and public opinion.
John Maxwell Hamilton is Hopkins P. Breazeale LSU Foundation Professor and dean of the Manship School of Mass Communication at Louisiana State University. He has been a journalist in the United States and abroad, worked on the staff of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and held a political appointment in the Agency for International Development during the Carter administration. He is the author or coauthor of five books.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Challenge of Technological Change in Foreign Affain Reporting David D. Perlmutter John Maxwell Hamilton 1
Rethinking "Foreign News" from a Transnational Perspective ucila Vargas Usa Paulin 20
The Nokia Effect: The Reemergence of Amateur Journalism and What It Means for International Affairs Steven Livingston 47
Bloggers as the New "Foreign" Foreign Correspondents: Personal Publishing as Public Affairs Kaye Sweetser Trammell David D. Perlmutter 70
U.S. Media Teach Negative and Flawed Beliefs about Americans to Youths in Twelve Countries: Implications for Future Foreign Affairs Margaret H. Defleur 89
Instant Connection: Foreign News Comes In from the Cold John Yemma 110
Happy Landings: A Defense of Parachute Journalism Emily Erickson John Maxwell Hamilton 130
The Real-Time Challenge: Speed and the Integrity of International News Coverage Philip Seib 150
Afterword: Technology and the Policy Maker: No Place to Hide (or, Everyone Knows Everything) Richard Moose 167