Gastrointestinal Endoscopy / Edition 1

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy / Edition 1

ISBN-10:
1570595720
ISBN-13:
9781570595721
Pub. Date:
01/01/2004
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis

Hardcover

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Overview

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy / Edition 1

Pocket-sized reference covers all pertinent aspects of gastrointestinal endoscopy. Provides discussions on informed concept, conscious sedation and monitoring, basic principles, the benign and malignant esophagus, gastrointestinal foreign bodies, lasers in endoscopy, and more.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781570595721
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/01/2004
Series: Handbooks Ser.
Edition description: SPIRAL
Pages: 251
Product dimensions: 8.00(w) x 5.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1.Informed Consent1
Introduction1
Principles1
Method1
Exceptions2
2.Conscious Sedation and Monitoring3
Introduction3
Indications and Contraindications4
Equipment and Accessories6
Technique8
Outcome9
Complications10
3.Antibiotic Prophylaxis11
Introduction11
Infection in Areas Remote from the Gastrointestinal Tract11
Infection in the Area of Endoscopic Manipulation14
Special Cases16
4.Principles of Endoscopic Electrosurgery18
Introduction18
Current Characteristics and Tissue Effect18
Monopolar Electrosurgery19
Bipolar Electrosurgery20
Non-Contact Electrosurgery (Argon Plasma Coagulation)20
5.The Benign Esophagus22
Anatomy22
Esophagitis22
6.Malignant Esophagus38
Introduction38
Incidence/Epidemiology38
Etiology/Risk Factors39
Clinical Presentation39
Laboratory Evaluation40
Diagnostic Evaluation40
Staging of Esophageal Tumors41
Treatment of Esophageal Cancer42
Survival46
7.Esophageal Manometry48
Introduction48
Relevant Anatomy48
Indications and Contraindications49
Equipment and Accessories50
Technique50
Outcomes52
Complications55
8.Twenty-Four Hour pH Testing58
Introduction58
Relevant Anatomy58
Indications58
Equipment and Accessories59
Technique60
Outcomes63
Complications65
9.Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies67
Epidemiology67
Presentation67
History67
Physical Exam67
Initial Radiographic Evaluation67
Indications for Removal68
Options for Removal, Nonendoscopic69
Options for Removal, Endoscopic70
Options if Unable to Remove Foreign Body at Endoscopy73
10.Endoscopic Therapy for Nonvariceal Acute Upper GI Bleeding75
Introduction75
Anatomy75
Evaluation of Patient with UGIB75
Indications/Contraindications for Endoscopy in UGIB77
Endoscopy Equipment77
Endoscopic Findings78
Rebleeding Rates78
Endoscopic Therapy and Management of UGIB78
Complications80
11.Endoscopic Management of Lower GI Bleeding82
Introduction82
Indications for Colonoscopy During Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage82
Contraindications82
Patient Preparation82
Relevant Anatomy83
Equipment83
Accessories for Hemostasis83
Technique84
Outcome84
Complications85
12.Endoscopic Management of Variceal Bleeding87
Introduction87
Relevant Anatomy87
Indications for Endoscopic Therapy88
Contraindication to Endoscopic Therapy of Bleeding Varices88
Equipment88
Technique89
Outcome of Endoscopic Therapy for Bleeding Varices91
Complication of Endoscopic Therapy for Bleeding Varices91
13.Lasers in Endoscopy93
Diseases Treated by Endoscopic Laser Therapy95
14.Endoscopy of the Pregnant Patient103
Introduction103
Indications103
EGD2103
ERCP2104
Technique104
Medication Safety104
Preparation104
Drugs Used as Premedications and During Endoscopy105
Monitoring106
Results and Outcomes of Endoscopy During Pregnancy106
Conclusion108
15.Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy and Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy110
Introduction110
Indications110
Contraindications110
Technique110
Feeding and Local Care112
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Replacement113
Complications114
Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy117
Ethical Considerations117
16.Small Bowel Endoscopy118
Introduction118
Relevant Anatomy118
Indication and Contraindication118
Equipment, Endoscopes, Devices and Accessories119
Technique121
Outcome123
Complications123
Summary124
17.Flexible Sigmoidoscopy125
Introduction125
Relevant Anatomy125
Indications126
Contraindications126
Endoscope126
Preparing the Patient126
Technique128
18.Colonoscopy131
Introduction131
Practical Colonoscopic (Endoscopic) Anatomy131
Indications131
Contraindications133
Equipment134
Accessories135
Complications138
Technique141
Findings145
Outcomes150
19.ERCP--Introduction, Equipment, Normal Anatomy151
Introduction151
Indications and Contraindications151
Equipment, Endoscopes, Devices and Accessories152
Technique154
Patient Preparation155
Outcome159
Complications159
20.Endoscopic Therapy of Benign Pancreatic Disease161
Introduction161
Anatomy161
Indications161
Contraindications (Relative)164
Equipment, Endoscopes, Devices and Accessories164
Endoscopic Techniques165
Outcomes173
Complications178
21.ERCP in Malignant Disease181
Introduction181
Anatomy of the UGI Tract181
Anatomy of the Ampulla of Vater181
Indications and Contraindications182
Equipment182
Technique183
Complications184
22.Endoscopic Ultrasound: Tumor Staging (Esophagus, Gastric, Rectal, Lung)185
Introduction185
Relevant Anatomy185
Indications for EUS Tumor Staging187
Contraindications for EUS Tumor Staging187
Equipment for Endoscopic Ultrasound187
General Technique of Endoscopic Ultrasound for Tumor Staging192
Results and Outcome193
Accuracy of Endoscopic Ultrasound for Tumor Staging198
Complications199
23.Endoscopic Ultrasound: Submucosal Tumors and Thickened Gastric Folds200
Submucosal Tumors200
Thickened Gastric Folds202
24.Endoscopic Ultrasonography (EUS) of the Upper Abdomen205
Background205
Rationale for Endoscopic Ultrasound205
Endoscopic Ultrasound Equipment206
Upper Abdominal Anatomy206
Endosonography of Pancreatic Malignancies211
Endosonography of Cystic Pancreatic Lesions213
Endosonographic Diagnosis of Chronic Pancreatitis214
Endosongraphic Diagnosis of Choledocholithiasis214
Endosonographic Evaluation of Cholangiocarcinoma215
Rationale For Preoperative EUS Staging219
Miscellaneous Indications for Endosonography221
EUS of the Spleen222
EUS of the Upper Abdominal Vasculature222
Future Applications of EUS223
25.Liver Biopsy225
Introduction225
Relevant Anatomy225
Indications and Contraindications226
Equipment228
Procedure229
Outcome233
Complications233
26.Endoscopy of the Pediatric Patient236
Introduction236
Anatomy and Physiology236
Indications and Contraindications237
Equipment238
Technique240
Outcome245
Complications245
Index247

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