Poverty reduction in South Asia is a precondition for sustaining any form of reforms in governance. The new public management reforms which started in South Asia from Sri Lanka taking the initiative in 1977–78 have been a decisive break from the previously practised State driven protectionist system. Investment in the region has been rising and even per capita income has shown some increase, yet the state has not been able to lead these reforms appropriately and efficiently. Thus poverty has not been reduced, ordinary people continue to languish under government programmes and the socially excluded remain outside the mainstream decision making bodies. Governance in South Asia faces the single most important challenge of poverty reduction which continues to blunt and disfigure capacity, self esteem and service delivery system to the poor. This book attempts to bring out microlevel studies from many regions in South Asia to address issues of entrepreneurship, knowledge and professionalism.
As an initiator of the idea on developing a critique to the straightjacketed ‘best practice’ research, this book questions the standard practice in evaluating administrative reforms as not being the true base for knowledge. Administrators need to balance capacity and control in every implementation programme. Confining to the knowledge of ‘best practices’ may conceal enormous amount of information from the ‘less than best’ practices which may be necessary to sustain good initiatives of public managers.
This book highlights areas of active networking, partnerships and collaborations amongst state and non-state bodies, NGOs and specialist Science and Technical Organizations. The true nature of governance is explained and demonstrated through the processes which otherwise pass off undetected in macro-understanding of governance.
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About the Author
Amita Singh is Professor of Law and Governance at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. She has several books and publications to her credit (including the latest book Administrative Reforms: Towards Sustainable Practices (Sage 2005)) in the area of policy implementation, grass-roots governance and administrative reforms. She serves on the Board of Research Committee 4 on Bureaucracy in International Political Science Association (IPSA). She is the serving Academic Advisor to NAPSIPAG (Network of Asia Pacific Schools and Institutes of Public Administration and Governance). She is the Project Director of ‘Governance Knowledge Centre’ of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG). She was awarded the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) Award 2007 and Millennium Award for Women in Public Services 2007.
Kapil Kapoor (Dr.) is currently Country Manager for Zambia at The World Bank, Washington DC. He was previously the Sector Manager of Poverty Reduction and Management, The World Bank, New Delhi.
Rabindranath Bhattacharyya (Dr.) is currently Reader in Political Science and Public Administration at the University of Burdwan, West Bengal.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgement
INTRODUCTION: Governance, Poverty Reduction and Best Practices, AMITA SINGH
UNDERSTANDING POVERTY IN SOUTH ASIA
1 CONCEPTUALIZING POVERTY:
The Importance of Stories
STEVEN E. AUFRECHT and RASHMI PRASAD
2 POVERTY ERADICATION: Lessons from History, ALAN MAYNE
3 UNDERSTANDING POVERTY, CAUSE ANALYSIS AND RESPONSE: Case Study of Pakistan, SARFRAZ H. KHAWAJA
4 HOW TO MAKE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM WORK FOR THE RURAL POOR?
Potentials and Challenges of Collaborative Governance, REGINA BIRNER
5 ENGENDERING GROWTH FOR
POVERTY REDUCTION: The Pakistan Experience, SARFRAZ KHAN QURESHI
6 GOVERNANCE INTERVENTION FOR ALLEVIATING POVERTY
IN NEPAL, TEK NATH DHAKAL
Good Practices, Stray Experiments
7 POVERTY ERADICATION through PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY: An Experience in West Bengal, DEBJANI SENGUPTA
8 POVERTY AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN PAKISTAN, AQILA KHAWAJA
9. GLOBALIZATION, DECENTRALIZATION AND MICRO-FINANCE: A Study of Self-Help Groups in the District Burdwan, RABINDRANATH BHATTACHARYYA
10 ROLE OF SELF HELP GROUPS (SHGs) IN PROMOTING HUMAN RIGHTS: A Sample Study on a Village of North-24 Parganas District, West Bengal, SANGHAMITRA MAJUMDAR and JHUMPA GHOSH ROY
11 POVERTY ERADICATION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION IN SRI LANKA
Making Services Reach Ordinary People
12 RESOLVING THE QUAGMIRE OF SERVICE DELIVERY IN NEPAL, NARENDRA RAJ PAUDEL
13. CAPABILITY APPROACH AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF LAND, HOUSING AND ACCESS TO METRO IN THE NATIONAL CAPITAL TERRITORY OF DELHI,
14. LIFE AND LIVELIHOOD OF THE POOR CHILDREN LIVING IN METROPOLIS DHAKA: Problems, Prospects and Challenges, TAIABUR RAHMAN
15 POVERTY, FEMALE LABOUR MIGRATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A Gendered Study
Based on Sri Lankan Context,
WASANA S. HANDAPANGODA and
M.H. AJANTHA SISIRA KUMARA
16 WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION AND LEADERSHIP IN ICTs: An Action Agenda for Global Change, CLAUDIA MORRELL
17 TELE-MEDICINE IN KARNATAKA
Good Practice and Technology in a Public-Private Partnership, JAMES WARNER BJÖRKMAN and A. VENKAT RAMAN
18 ASSESSMENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE SCHEME IN INDIA: A Spatial Dimension
MAHI PAL and S.P. SINGH
19 AN EVALUATION OF SAMURDHI PROGRAMME IN SRI LANKA
(With Reference to Ten Villages in Panadura Divisional Secretariat)
FERNANDO R. LALITHA S.
20 DECENTRALIZED PLANNING AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION: A Case Study of Two Village Panchayats in Kerala State (India), E.M. THOMAS
21 GOVERNANCE, SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY, AND CIVIL SOCIETY: Liberalism Bypassing Politics?