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You are never too young to make a difference.
Ever since she learned about climate change, Greta Thunberg couldn’t understand why politicians weren’t treating it as an emergency. In August 2018, temperatures in Sweden reached record highs, fires raged across the country, and fifteen-year-old Greta decided to stop waiting for political leaders to take action. Instead of going to school on Friday, she made a sign and went on strike in front of Stockholm’s parliament building.
Greta’s solo protest grew into the global Fridays for Future—or School Strike 4 Climate—movement, which millions have now joined. She has spoken at multiple international climate summits, was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, and was chosen as Time’s 2019 Person of the Year. This timely, unofficial biography is her story, but also that of many others around the world willing to fight against the indifference of the powerful for a better future.
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About the Author
Moreno Giovannoni is the author of the critically acclaimed The Fireflies of Autumn and a freelance translator of long standing. His essay “The Percheron” was published in Southerly and selected for The Best Australian Essays 2014. He was recipient of the prestigious Deborah Cass Prize in 2016.
Veronica “Veci” Carratello is a freelance comics artist, author, and illustrator based in Italy. She graduated from art school in Novara and later earned a comics certificate at the International School of Comics in Turin. Carratello works on illustrations for children’s books, magazines, and comics and teaches graphic novel studies at the Academy of Fine Arts and Media in Novara. Her books have been published around the world.
Read an Excerpt
Chapter 1 1
One August morning in Stockholm, Sweden, Greta Thunberg decided she could no longer ignore the problems facing the planet. Changes to the climate were more and more worrying and it seemed as if no one was taking the problem seriously.
In legislatures all over the world, tens of thousands of serious-looking and stern-sounding politicians sat and talked about an endless range of issues. But they never addressed the problem of the health of the planet. It was time for someone to remind them to step in to protect the environment—and the future of children all over the world. It was an emergency. Everything else could wait.
So, on that day, Greta tied her long hair into two braids, put on a checked shirt and a blue coat, and walked out of the house where she lived with her parents. Under her arm she carried a wooden placard. Handwritten at the top were the words SKOLSTREJK FÖR KLIMATET (“School Strike for the Climate”). She had also made some leaflets to distribute, with some very important information about climate change that she thought everyone should know.
That day, Greta, like all Swedish children her age, should have gone to school. In Sweden the holidays end in August and classes start again. Instead, she climbed on her bike and rode to the parliament building in the city center.
The Swedish Parliament meets in a beautiful, serious-looking building that is large and imposing, on a small island with a long, complicated name in the middle of the city: Helgeandsholmen. It’s not at all surprising that it’s on an island, because Stockholm is built on thousands of islands, some of them tiny and others so big that if you were flying over them you would think they were the mainland.
The Riksdag, which is what the Swedes call it, is the place where politicians elected by the people sit and discuss the country’s problems and pass laws to address and fix them. These are the people who can really make a difference. If they hadn’t noticed that global warming had become an emergency, Greta would remind them.
Of course, in our daily life, every single one of us can commit to reducing our impact on the health of the planet by limiting waste and pollution as much as possible. But unfortunately, this is not enough. We need more than the good intentions of individual people. Faced with an issue as complex as this, you have to change the rules and make new laws to protect the environment. Who else can do this if not the men and women sitting in the parliament? That’s why Greta went there that morning.
On that day—Monday, August 20, 2018—Greta launched her school strike.
This is how she explained her thinking: “Children won’t do what you tell them to do, but they will follow your example.” Because adults didn’t seem at all concerned about the future, she was prepared to take action. She would stop going to school. She would go on strike, like grown-ups do when they protest for their own reasons. Instead of going to work, they decide to meet in city squares and in the streets, carrying placards and banners. The difference was that Greta was on her own and was protesting for everyone’s benefit.
People passing by looked at the girl with the placard and were curious about her. Perhaps they wondered who she was and what she was doing. She sat there for the time she would normally have been in class, from eight thirty in the morning until three in the afternoon. On the first day, she spent all that time by herself and none of the politicians walking past took any notice. But Greta wasn’t discouraged.
The next morning, she got up early, dressed, climbed on her bike, and went back to the parliament, again carrying her sign. The strike continued.
But on this second day, something incredible happened: instead of just glancing at her, wondering what she was doing there, and then walking straight past, a few of the people passing by decided to stop. Greta was no longer alone. Other boys and girls joined her.
By the third day, there was a nice little group of people sitting on the ground with her. They were mostly young, but there was also a mother with a little boy in a stroller, a woman with gray hair, and a student who had brought along a book to read. The protesters chatted among themselves. The last few days of that Swedish summer were still sunny.
On the sixth day of the strike, Greta suggested to everyone that they should talk about the protest on their social networks, sharing photos and information. That way, even people who couldn’t join the protesters would be able to show their support with a message, a like, or a share. The news about what was going on began to spread.
Of course, Greta played a big part. Every day she took photos of the skolstrejk, the school strike, keeping a diary on Instagram. Friends, schoolmates, and acquaintances started asking for information: Can we come too? What time will we meet you? Greta said everyone was welcome.
More and more people sat with her in front of the parliament building. They were on strike and had decided they would be late for work or school, would skip breakfast at their local café or not do their shopping. Day after day, the group of concerned citizens who had decided to follow her example and join the protest, confident that she was absolutely right, got bigger and bigger. They had to act to save the planet, as soon as possible and without delay.
The politicians walked past Greta on the way to their offices in the Riksdag. Although most of them continued to ignore her, occasionally someone would stop to congratulate her and tell her she was doing a great job.
Around the city, people started talking about Greta, the fifteen-year-old with braids. Newspaper reporters turned up, as well as some people who were just curious, and others who wanted to show their support. More and more mothers came, along with their children. There were grandparents and lots of young people. Someone brought Greta something to eat and drink.
After nine days, the protest was still continuing, but the protesters had to move to Mynttorget, a lovely square on the island of Gamla Stan, in the city’s historic center. It wasn’t too far from the parliament, so it was okay. Greta wanted to protest, not break the law.
Meanwhile, all over the world, people were more and more interested in what was happening in Stockholm, and a major English newspaper decided to tell Greta’s story. The famous paper The Guardian published an online article about the skolstrejk för klimatet. The headline read, “The Swedish fifteen-year-old who’s cutting class to fight the climate crisis.”
Lots of people were reading about the climate strike in newspapers and thought it was a good idea. Swedes living in other big cities and small towns, from one end of Sweden to the other, heard Greta’s call and organized the same kind of protest.
In Linköping, a small town in the south of the country, a group of people gathered in the town center next to a fountain and held up a placard that was just like Greta’s. A photograph of a bicycle arrived from Rome. Resting against the bike’s pedals was a sign that read: THANKS, GRETA! WE’RE ON YOUR SIDE TOO!
Since that morning in August when she had left her house for the first time and headed for the parliament, Greta had had a clear goal in mind. She would strike until September 7, which was election day, when Swedish citizens would be voting for their representatives, the men and women who would sit in the parliament.
Because so many people appeared to support her, it seemed a good idea to let as many of them as possible know about the climate strike. Leaflets were distributed inviting everyone to take part in the last day of the protest. They read:
WHERE? IN MYNTTORGET!
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7!
FROM 8AM UNTIL 3PM
BRING SOMETHING TO EAT AND DRINK
AND A MAT TO SIT ON.
On September 6, summer was almost over, and a gray sky seemed to promise rain. Greta put on her yellow raincoat, and on her Instagram profile she wrote to the world that her actions were a cry for help. What she was asking for was reasonable: a future on planet earth. Everyone was invited to take part.
On the following day, the seventh, dozens of people responded to her appeal. Greta had drawn the attention of journalists, politicians and ordinary people to the issue.
Greta reminded the crowd of people who turned up that, among other things, greenhouse gas emissions definitely needed to be limited to stop global warming from making life on earth impossible. So why didn’t the candidates up for election make fixing this problem a priority? Why, in the weeks leading up to the election, was the environment not discussed?
On her Instagram profile, Greta posted a graph that showed the amount these dangerous gases had to be reduced to stop global warming from becoming irreversible.
What were the politicians doing about this?
Thanks to the skolstrejk för klimatet, Greta’s questions reached the ears of Sweden’s parliamentarians. Now all she had to do was wait for their responses.
But the strike in Stockholm was only the beginning.