If resources for HIV prevention efforts were truly unlimited, then this book would be en tirely unnecessary. In a world with limitless support for HIV prevention activities, one would simply implement all effective (or potentially effective) programs without regard to expense. We would do everything useful to prevent the further spread of the virus that has already claimed hundreds of thousands of lives in the United States and millions of lives worldwide. Unfortunately, funding for HIV prevention programs is limited. Even though the amount of available funding may seem quite large (especially in the United States), it is still fixed and not sufficient to meet all needs for such programs. This was very well illustrated in the summer of 1997 when over 500 community-based organizations applied for a combined total of $18 million of HIV prevention funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Less than one-fifth ofthese organizations received support via this funding mechanism. Hence, although $18 million may seem like a large amount of money at first blush, it is not enough to meet all of the prevention needs that could be addressed by these community-based organizations.
Table of ContentsAn Overview of Economic Evaluation Methodologies and Selected Issues in Methods Standardization; K.A. Phillips, et al. The Bernoulli-Process Model of HIV Transmission: Applications and Implications; S.D.Pinkerton, D.R. Holtgrave. Economic Evaluation of Primary HIV Infection in Injection Drug Users; J.G. Kahn. Economic Evaluation of HIV Counseling and Testing Programs: The Influence of Program Goals on Evaluation; P.G. Farnham. Economic Evaluation of HIV Screening Interventions; D.K. Owens. Changing Public Policy to Prevent HIV Transmission: The Role of Structural and Environmental Interventions; M.D. Sweat, J. Denison. The Cost-Effectiveness of Small Group and Community-level Interventions; D.R.Holtgrave, S.D. Pinkerton.. The Cost-Effectiveness of the Components of Comprehensive HIV Prevention: A Road Map of the Literature; D.R. Holtgrave. Resource Allocation and the Funding of HIV Prevention; A.D. Paltiel, A.A. Stinnett. Economic Evaluation and HIV Prevention Decision Making: The State Perspective; B. Weinstein, R.L. Melchreit. 4 Additional Chapters. Index.