From Amelia Island just south of Georgia to Key West's southern tip, beaches are one of Florida's greatest assets. Yet these beaches are in danger: rapid structural development on a highly erodible coast make them vulnerable to some of nature's greatest storms. The same development that has been driven by the attraction of beautiful beaches and coastal amenities now threatens those very resources. In turn, coastal structures are at risk from sea-level rise, shoreline retreat, winter storms, and hurricanes. Most of the methods for reducing losses associated with storms protect property only in the short term—at a growing cost in dollars and loss of natural habitat in the long term.
Living with Florida's Atlantic Beaches is a guide to mitigating or reducing losses of property, human life, and natural resources by living with, rather than just at, the shore. This illustrated volume provides an introduction to coastal processes and geology as well as a brief history of coastal hazards and short-sighted human responses. This is the first volume in the Living with the Shore series to discuss the significant long-term impact of dredge-and-fill beach construction on living marine resources. Guidance is provided for long-term risk reduction in the form of tips on storm-resistant construction and site evaluation; maps for evaluating relative vulnerability to hazards are also included. A brief review of coastal regulations will help property owners understand and navigate the various permit requirements for developing coastal property. Living with Florida's Atlantic Beaches is an invaluable source of information for everyone from the curious beach visitor to the community planner, from the prudent property investor to the decision-making public official.
About the Author
David M. Bush is an associate professor in the Department of Geosciences at the State University of West Georgia in Carrollton, Georgia.
William J. Neal is a professor in the Department of Geology at Grand Valley State University in Allendale, Michigan.
Norma J. Longo is a geologist in Durham, North Carolina.
Kenyon C. Lindeman, a biologist, is a senior scientist with Environmental Defense in Miami, Florida.
Deborah F. Pilkey is an engineer in Simi Valley, California.
Luciana Slomp Esteves is a coastal geologist at the Laboratory of Oceanographic Geology at Fundacao University in Rio Grande, Brazil.
Table of ContentsList of Figures, Tables, and Risk Maps xi
1. From Fort Clinch to Fort Taylor: East Florida’s Dynamic Coast 1
2. The Vulnerable Coast: Living With Storms 28
3. The Variable Coast: Beaches, Barrier Islands, and Coastal Processes 49
4. The Fortified Coast: Living With Coastal Engineering 67
5. Environmental Effects of Beach Management 100
6. The Rules of the Coast: Assessing Hazards 120
7. The Nitty-Gritty Coast: Evaluating Your Coastal Site 140
8. The Built Coast: Construction Guidelines 249
9. The Managed Coast: Living with Coastal Regulations 278
A. Hazard Safety Checklists 295
B. Guide to Local, State, and Federal Agencies Involved in Coastal Development 302
C. 101 Useful Coastal References 314