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Master's Plan for the Church
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Master's Plan for the Church

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by John MacArthur

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It is absolutely essential that a church perceive itself as an institution for the glory of God, and to do that—claims John MacArthur—the local church must adhere unfalteringly to biblical leadership principles.

Christ never intended church leadership to be earned by seniority, purchased with money, or inherited through family ties. He never compared


It is absolutely essential that a church perceive itself as an institution for the glory of God, and to do that—claims John MacArthur—the local church must adhere unfalteringly to biblical leadership principles.

Christ never intended church leadership to be earned by seniority, purchased with money, or inherited through family ties. He never compared church leaders to governing monarchs, but rather to humble shepherds; not to slick celebrities, but to laboring servants.

Drawing from some of the best-received material on church leadership, this updated edition guides the church with crucial, effective lessons in leadership. This book is valuable not only for pastors and elders, but for anyone else who wants the church to be what God intended it to be.

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Moody Publishers
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By John MacArthur Moody Publishers
Copyright © 2008
John MacArthur
All right reserved.

ISBN: 978-0-8024-7845-0


When I go on a trip to preach in other places, I use my time to talk with people, pray to the Lord, and read books. During those times I also find that I am able to put aside the pressures of my regular ministry and think clearly. That is often when the Lord impresses upon my heart certain important things He wants me to understand and share with the people I minister to. During one trip, the Lord placed a concern in my heart for Grace Community Church. That church in southern California is the heart and soul of my life. Although I've been there for nearly forty years, I still feel like the ministry there has just begun. I anticipate an exciting future before the church, which will be filled with joy, expectation, and potential. But like any church, from time to time we face crises. How we handle those crises determines the strength of our ministry.

When Grace Church was experiencing tremendous growth in the 1970s, there were so many things happening that I couldn't keep up with them. It was an exciting, euphoric time for the church. I like to call that time the years of discovery. When I came to Grace Church, I didn't know much. Every week, I'd study and prepare my sermons, and on Sundays the congregation would learn together with me. I'd share what the Bible said, and people would say, "Wow! So that's what the Bible is saying!" We were taking big steps in terms of our spiritual growth and understanding, and the Lord added many people to the church. Those years were like a prolonged honeymoon. There was enthusiasm and energy everywhere.

When I first arrived at the church, my modest goal was to keep the people already there from leaving. I never envisioned that the church would grow to the size it is now. That's why the verse I have come to understand the most during my years of ministry is Ephesians 3:20, which speaks of God as "Him who is able to do exceeding abundantly beyond all that we ask or think." Throughout my ministry I've seen God do far beyond anything I could ever have imagined!

Churches all seem to follow the same pattern of growth and decline. The first generation fights to discover and establish the truth. Grace Church went through that; the early years were a time of discovery and establishing the truth. The second generation fights to maintain the truth and proclaim it. We have seen that as well. Many of the things we've learned have appeared in my published books, and we have distributed millions of cassette tapes and in recent years, CDs. (Most recently we have utilized satellite technology to televise Sunday messages and beam teaching lectures to overseas locations. The ministry has also taken advantage of the World Wide Web to make MP3 and podcast messages available to many outside our church.) We have trained men to become pastors, go out, and start teaching other people. We have shared what we know with other pastors.

Yet often members of the church's third generation couldn't care less about that. Why? Since they weren't a part of the fight the first two generations faced, they don't have anything at stake. They tend to take for granted the things others have worked and fought hard to establish.

That scares me. The toughest thing to deal with in the ministry is indifference. It's heartbreaking to know that those who weren't a part of the building of a church tend to take everything for granted. Because they weren't a part of the battle, they didn't pay the price and enjoy the sweet taste of victory. They don't know what the battle was like. A person has only one life to live, and I look at what God has given me as the greatest possible use of my life: being a part of building Grace Community Church. Those who weren't a part of the process of fighting, discovering, and establishing the truth are often unable to appreciate what God has done.

Many of the people now at our church don't understand the sacrifice of time, talent, effort, and money that other people made to establish and grow the church. Early in our church's history, a young couple forfeited their honeymoon because they wanted to give to the church. That is just one of many illustrations of sacrifice I could give. The newer people, on the other hand, can spend too much of their time fooling around with trivial things and becoming picky about them when they should be more concerned about God's kingdom.

The child of apathy is criticism. It is easy for a person to take everything for granted and begin criticizing any imperfections he finds. Author Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) said he had a friend who could go into any beautiful meadow and immediately find a manure pile. A person shouldn't have that kind of perspective.

God has given Grace Church many wonderful people, and we thank Him for that. But I know there are also people who come to church only when it's convenient. For them, going to church is low on the priority list. If they can't afford to go anywhere else for a weekend, they come to church. They don't see any need for commitment. Some people don't come on Sunday nights. They think one sermon a week is enough. They should be given two hundred sermons in one week to shake them out of their complacency! Danish philosopher and theologian Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) observed that people think the preacher is an actor and they are to be his critics. What they don't realize is that they're the actors and he's the prompter offstage reminding them of their lost lines.

It's easy for people-even Christians-to begin expecting that everything will be done for them. They show up for church only if they think they will get something out of it.

Building a church is easy. The hard work begins after the church has grown, when you're faced with people who tend to become complacent.

I once received a letter from a young pastor thinking about leaving the ministry, and it broke my heart. This is what he wrote:

Let me explain to you something I'm concerned about that I have not been able to correct and is causing me to consider leaving the ministry. Perhaps the Lord will use your insights to give me some light.

I firmly believe that the leadership of a church should be the very best, not only in their personal spiritual lives but also in being an example for people they lead. I am not saying that a leader has to be perfect or superhuman, but he should have a living, growing personal relationship with our Lord. I firmly believe that if the leaders of a church don't present a lifestyle of commitment and dedication to their Lord and church, their followers won't either.

The problem, Pastor MacArthur, is that two-thirds of our elected officers attend only one service a week. I'm not saying they all have to be present every time the doors are open, but I do believe that excepting unforeseen situations, illnesses, and vacations, the leadership of a church should make a double effort to be present at the services, if for no other reason than for the encouragement of the saints and the pastor. I find it extremely difficult to believe that proper leadership can be provided when the leaders do not spend enough time with their people to find out what their hurts and fears are. At our board meetings, I find that by far the majority of the time is spent on items that have no direct relationship to the needs and hurts of people. I believe that because of that, our church has come to a stalemate, which is equal to going backward instead of moving ahead. I have brought those things to the attention of our board on several occasions (even some of the people on our board are not faithful in their attendance), with absolutely no results.

I am not talking about men and women who simply are not able to make it to church but people who just will not come. Some of the leaders say they are too busy, too tired at the end of the day, or don't even offer an excuse. But those leaders are not afraid to remind me that they are the power of the church. That happens often. I have come to the place where if this continues on into next year, I am ready to resign the pastorate. How is it possible for a pastor to direct his flock, establish the needed programs, and develop spiritual leadership if he can't get other leaders to back him? I'm open to your advice. I believe our church has great possibilities. But as long as we are lukewarm, the Lord will not bless us or use us.

Thousands of different pastors could have written that letter, because it is common for people to take for granted the good things God has given them. I don't want that to happen at Grace Church. I don't want our people to forget the Lord but to continue to fear His name.

Writing to his readers, the apostle Peter said, "I will always be ready to remind you of these things, even though you already know them, and have been established in the truth which is present with you" (2 Peter 1:12). Peter had a high calling from God, and he didn't want to be irresponsible about how he handled it. He didn't want to be negligent to those he was called to teach, so he continually reminded the people of what they had already learned. He was saying, "I know that you already know these things, but you need to be reminded about them." Peter then adds, "I consider it right, as long as I am in this earthly dwelling, to stir you up by way of reminder, knowing that the laying aside of my earthly dwelling is imminent.... and I will also be diligent that at any time after my departure you will be able to call these things to mind" (vv. 13-15). There is virtue in repeating not-to-be-forgotten basics. That is what I would like to do now.

A Study in Church Anatomy

Many pastors visit Grace Church to find out why it prospers and what we are doing right. They desire to know what God is doing, and some of them think they can pick up methods, tools, programs, and ideas and apply them to their own churches. However, that is like going to buy a steer and coming back home with just the hide. They're seeing only the flesh of our ministries, not the internal aspects that make those ministries work properly. Beneath the surface of things is a foundation that people don't know about. We try to tell pastors that they may see a ministry functioning at our church, but it is what occurs behind the scenes that they need to understand.

For this first part of our study about church leadership, I am going to use the analogy the apostle Paul uses in 1 Corinthians 12:12-31. The church is a body, and we want to look closely at its anatomy. Every body has certain features: a skeleton, internal systems, muscles, and flesh. A church needs to have a framework (a skeleton), internal systems (certain attitudes), muscles (different functions), and flesh (the form of the programs). Remove any one of those key features, and the body cannot survive. Anatomy is the study of how the components fit and function together. Let's look at the anatomy of a church.

We start with the skeleton. For any body to function, it has to have some structure. The skeleton in vertebrate animals is what gives them their structure. Likewise, there are certain skeletal truths that a church has to be committed to if it is to have a sound structure. These are unalterable, nonnegotiable doctrines that it cannot compromise in any way. Yield on any of these crucial points and you destroy the skeleton-the church ceases to be a church.

A High View of God

A church absolutely must emphasize knowing and glorifying God. I fear that the church in America has descended from that emphasis and focused instead on humanity. The contemporary church thinks its goal is to help people feel better about themselves. It offers them nothing more than spiritual placebos. It focuses on psychology, self-esteem, entertainment, and a myriad of other diversions to try to meet the attendees' felt needs.

However, if you know and glorify God, you have satisfied the greatest needs of your life. "The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom" (Prov. 9:10). When you have a right relationship with God, everything else will fall into its proper place. I am not saying that we are to ignore people's needs. We are to be concerned about people the same way God is. But we must strike a balance, and that begins with a high view of God that takes Him seriously.

I feel a righteous indignation toward preachers and others who want to take God off His throne and turn Him into a servant who has to meet their every demand. People are irreverent; they do not know how to worship God. Some think worship is anything that induces a warm feeling.

So many church members know little about God. There are too many Marthas and not enough Marys (see Luke 10:38-42). We are so busy serving all the time that we don't take the time to sit at Jesus' feet. We don't tremble at God's Word. We don't allow ourselves to be confronted by God's holiness and our own sinfulness so He can sanctify us and make us usable for His glory.

When a person dies, we have a tendency to say, "How could God let that happen?" We have no right to ask that. We should ask, "What are we doing alive?" God, being holy, could have destroyed Adam and Eve (and hence all mankind) when they first fell into sin. Just because God is gracious toward us is no excuse for us to be indifferent. God must be taken seriously.

Look in your local Christian bookstore. You could take most of the books there, throw them into the sea, and not lose anything valuable. The vast majority of them are just placebos that superficially attack trivial problems. During the eras when the church was most holy, Christians had very few books to read, but the ones they did have told them how to have a relationship with God. Most books today don't do that.

A survey taken at a nationwide pastors' conference revealed that most pastors feel they need more help in dealing with families. I'm amazed at that. With all the books available on family-related issues, that's still an area in which Christian leaders perceive a lack of resources?! The answer isn't to write more materials about the family; the problem is that people aren't taking God seriously and walking according to His laws. If families were taught a high view of God, there would not be as many family problems in the church.

James 4:8 tells sinners, "Draw near to God and He will draw near to you." If they repent and draw close to God, He will come close to them. But many say, "When I get near God, it is easy to become nervous." That's why James 4:8 also says, "Cleanse your hands, you sinners." The closer people get to God, the more they see their own sins. Consequently, they must humble themselves before the Lord and mourn over sin. James 4:10 says that when that happens, "He will exalt you."

We must take God seriously and exalt Him; we don't want to have a man-centered church. We are to reach out to people in the love of Christ, but God is still to be the focus of our life and worship.

The Absolute Authority of Scripture

A second nonnegotiable truth that makes up the skeleton of the church's structure is the absolute authority of Scripture. The Bible is constantly under attack, even from within the professing church. Not so long ago I read an article by a seminary professor who argued that Christians should not view homosexual behavior as sinful. If a person wants to advocate that view, all he has to do is disregard the Bible. It is inconsistent for a seminary professor to deny the Bible when he is training men to minister the Word of God. But such denial is happening more and more today-teachers and preachers attack the Bible head-on.

I believe the charismatics attack the Bible when they add all their visions and revelations to it. It is a subtle and often unintentional attack, but it is an attack just the same. They say that Jesus told them this, and that God told them that. In the meantime, they are undermining the Bible because they no longer see it as the single authority.

Those who believe God speaks regularly with special little messages for individual Christians trivialize His Word. However, God reveals Himself primarily through the pages of Scripture, and Christians must uphold that written revelation as the absolute, sole authority.

One of the worst assaults on God's Word comes from people who say they believe the Bible yet don't know what it teaches. That is the subtlest kind of attack there is. There are people all across America who say they believe the Bible from cover to cover but don't know one paragraph of it. How can they believe what they don't know?

Jesus said, "Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God" (Matt. 4:4). If every word that comes out of the mouth of God feeds us, we ought to study every word. Today, preaching has lost that.


Excerpted from The MASTER'S PLAN for the CHURCH by John MacArthur Copyright © 2008 by John MacArthur. Excerpted by permission.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

John MacArthur is on the cutting edge of church leadership and church development. He not only knows this critical area biblically but pragmatically as well, since his own church models the principles in this book.
-Dr. Tony Evans, pastor and author

The book The Master’s Plan for the Church is indeed a masterwork. Like other works by John MacArthur, it shows solid biblical scholarship and practical application.
-Dr. Adrian Rogers, pastor, Bellview Baptist Church, Memphis, Tennessee

John MacArthur has done church leaders a great service. His new edition of The Master’s Plan for the Church is the thorough, biblically-based book we are used to finding when we read MacArthur. I commend it to church leaders everywhere.
-Dr. Jerry Vines, pastor, First Baptist Church of Jacksonville, Florida

Meet the Author

JOHN MACARTHUR is the pastor-teacher of Grace Community Church in Sun Valley, California; president of The Master¿s College and Seminary; and featured teacher for the Grace to You media ministry. Weekly telecasts and daily radio broadcasts of "Grace to You" are seen and heard by millions worldwide. John has also written several bestselling books, including The MacArthur Study Bible, The Gospel According to Jesus, The New Testament Commentary series, Twelve Ordinary Men, and The Truth War. He and his wife, Patricia, have four married children and fifteen grandchildren.

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Master's Plan for the Church 3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
This book is really helpful for all pastors, elders, and lay people. John MacArthur's insight was instrumental in my church as I and the elders all read it. This book gave us something to work towards as we grow into what God has called us to!
Steelsmitty More than 1 year ago
I enjoyed this book but didn't love this book. It is certainly not his best writing. It is a plain Jane, simple nuts and bolts recounting of the biblical view and role of the church. It has all the essentials about the church and the functioning of the church. I will certainly turn to this book again for research and it will remain close on my shelf. Every graduating pastor needs to read this book so they clearly understand what the church and what their role is all about.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago