Mexican Costumbrismo: Race, Society, and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Art

Mexican Costumbrismo: Race, Society, and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Art

by Mey-Yen Moriuchi

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Overview

The years following Mexican independence in 1821 were critical to the development of social, racial, and national identities. The visual arts played a decisive role in this process of self-definition. Mexican Costumbrismo reorients current understanding of this key period in the history of Mexican art by focusing on a distinctive genre of painting that emerged between 1821 and 1890: costumbrismo.

In contrast to the neoclassical work favored by the Mexican academy, costumbrista artists portrayed the quotidian lives of the lower to middle classes, their clothes, food, dwellings, and occupations. Based on observations of similitude and difference, costumbrista imagery constructed stereotypes of behavioral and biological traits associated with distinct racial and social classes. In doing so, Mey-Yen Moriuchi argues, these works engaged with notions of universality and difference, contributed to the documentation and reification of social and racial types, and transformed the way Mexicans saw themselves, as well as how other nations saw them, during a time of rapid change for all aspects of national identity.

Carefully researched and featuring more than thirty full-color exemplary reproductions of period work, Moriuchi’s study is a provocative art-historical examination of costumbrismo’s lasting impact on Mexican identity and history.

E-book editions have been made possible through support of the Art History Publication Initiative (AHPI), a collaborative grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780271081526
Publisher: Penn State University Press
Publication date: 04/03/2018
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 180
File size: 36 MB
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About the Author

Mey-Yen Moriuchi is Assistant Professor of Art History at LaSalle University.

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgments

Introduction

1. Racialized Social Spaces in Casta and Costumbrista Painting

2. Traveler-Artists’ Visions of Mexico

3. Literary Costumbrismo: Celebration and Satire of los tipos populares

4. Local Perspectives: Mexican Costumbrista Artists

5. Costumbrista Photography

Conclusion

Notes

Bibliography

Index

Customer Reviews