New Testament Foundations

New Testament Foundations

by Ralph P. Martin, Carl N. Toney

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Overview

Drawing upon over fifty years of scholarly experience of one of the most industrious contemporary scholars, this work, which was first published in 1975, has been revised, updated, and expanded to offer a fresh, in-depth introduction to the New Testament for today's students. Students will be immersed into the world of the first century, learning about both Greco-Roman and Jewish backgrounds. While discussing the fundamental questions surrounding the content of each book including its authorship, audience, and message, this work also engages with the wider historical-critical discussion, helping students navigate the wider world of modern New Testament scholarship.


Ralph P. Martin (1925-2013) was Professor of New Testament at Azusa Pacific University and Fuller Seminary. He is the author of numerous works including the Word Biblical Commentaries on 2 Corinthians, Philippians, and James. He was the editor of the Dictionary of Paul and His Letters (2003) as well as Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Developments (1997).

Carl N. Toney is Professor of New Testament at Hope International University. He is the author of Paul's Inclusive Ethic (2008) and co-wrote 2 Corinthians (2009), of the Cornerstone Commentary series, with Ralph P. Martin.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781620320884
Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 09/12/2018
Pages: 780
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.55(d)

About the Author

Ralph P. Martin (1925-2013) was Professor of New Testament at Azusa Pacific University and Fuller Seminary. He is the author of numerous works including the Word Biblical Commentaries on 2 Corinthians, Philippians, and James. He was the editor of the Dictionary of Paul and His Letters (2003) as well as Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Developments (1997). Carl N. Toney is Professor of New Testament at Hope International University. He is the author of Paul's Inclusive Ethic (2008) and co-wrote 2 Corinthians (2009), of the Cornerstone Commentary series, with Ralph P. Martin.

Table of Contents

List of Images, Maps, and Charts ix

Permissions xv

Preface to Revised and Expanded Edition xvii

Abbreviations xxi

Part 1 Introduction and Backgrounds

1 Introduction: Scripture as God's Action in History 3

2 The Text of the New Testament: Textual Criticism 22

3 The Historical and Political Background of Second Temple Judaism 36

4 Second Temple Judaism's Beliefs and Practices 58

5 Second Temple Jewish Literature 74

6 The Social-Political Framework of the Roman Empire 103

7 The Greco-Roman Religious and Philosophical Framework 126

Part 2 The Gospels and Acts

8 What to Look For in the Gospels 149

9 The Synoptic Problem 158

10 Early Traditions About Jesus 178

11 The Gospels and the Historical Jesus 196

12 Mark's Suffering Son of Man 218

13 Matthew's Gospel for the Church 247

14 Luke: God Keeps Promises 269

15 John: The Son of Gods Abiding Love 295

16 Acts of the Apostles: The Growth of the Church 324

Part 3 Pauline Epistles

17 What to Look For in the Epistles 353

18 Letter Writing and Paul 361

19 The Life and Theology of Paul 372

20 1-2 Thessalonians: Persecution and Parousia 392

21 Galatians: Paul's Struggle for the Gentile Church 405

22 Philippians: Paul and His Friends 424

23 Colossians and Crisis 443

24 Christianity and Slavery in Philemon 460

25 Reconciliation and the Apostle of Weakness in 1-2 Corinthians 468

26 Romans: Paul's Missionary Manifesto 494

27 Christ and the Church in the Ephesian Epistle 521

28 The Pastorals and the Close of Paul's Life 539

Part 4 Other New Testament Writings

29 The Pilgrim People of God in the Epistle to the Hebrews 561

30 Christianity According to 1 Peter 578

31 The Epistle of James and Jewish Christianity 597

32 Jude's Contending for the Faith 615

33 Early Catholicism and 2 Peter 622

34 Johannine Epistles: The Struggle for the Heart of a Community 635

35 Revelation: The Kingdom of God versus the Empire 651

Epilogue 672

Bibliography 683

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