On Architecture, Volume I: Books 1-5 available in Hardcover
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Vitruvius (Marcus V. Pollio), Roman architect and engineer, studied Greek philosophy and science and gained experience in the course of professional work. He was one of those appointed to be overseers of imperial artillery or military engines, and was architect of at least one unit of buildings for Augustus in the reconstruction of Rome. Late in life and in ill health he completed, sometime before 27 BCE, De Architectura which, after its rediscovery in the fifteenth century, was influential enough to be studied by architects from the early Renaissance to recent times.
In On Architecture Vitruvius adds to the tradition of Greek theory and practice the results of his own experience. The contents of this treatise in ten books are as follows. Book 1: Requirements for an architect; town planning; design, cities, aspects; temples. 2: Materials and their treatment. Greek systems. 3: Styles. Forms of Greek temples. Ionic. 4: Styles. Corinthian, Ionic, Doric; Tuscan; altars. 5: Other public buildings (fora, basilicae, theatres, colonnades, baths, harbours). 6: Sites and planning, especially of houses. 7: Construction of pavements, roads, mosaic floors, vaults. Decoration (stucco, wall painting, colours). 8: Hydraulic engineering; water supply; aqueducts. 9: Astronomy. Greek and Roman discoveries; signs of the zodiac, planets, moon phases, constellations, astrology, gnomon, sundials. 10: Machines for war and other purposes.
About the Author
Frank Stephen Granger (1864–1936) was Professor of Classics and Philosophy at the University of Nottingham.
Table of Contents
Book I. Architectural Principles
Book II. Evolution Of Building: Use Of Materials
Book III. Ionic Temples
Book IV. Doric And Corinthian Temples
Book V. Public Buildings: Theatres (And Music), Baths, Harbours
Plate A. Winds And Direction Of Streets
Plate B. Plans Of Temples
Plate C. Ionic Order
Plate D. Corinthian Order
Plate E. Doric Order
Plate F. Musical Scales
Plate G. Theatre
Plate H. Plan Of Stabian Baths, Pompeii