The first book by a respected journalist on Nearing Death Awareness—similar to Near-Death Experience—this “fascinating” (Kirkus Reviews) exploration brings “humor, sympathy, and keen critical intelligence to a topic that is all too often off-limits” (Ptolemy Tompkins, collaborator with Eben Alexander on Proof of Heaven).
People everywhere carry with them extraordinary, deeply comforting experiences that arrived at the moment when they most needed relief: when they lost a loved one. These experiences can include clear messages from beyond, profound and vividly beautiful visions, mysterious connections and spiritual awareness, foreknowledge of a loved one’s passing—all of which evade explanation by science and logic. Most people keep these transcendent experiences secret for fear they will be discounted by hyperrational scrutiny. Yet these very common occurrences have the power to console, comfort, and even transform our understanding of life and death.
Prompted by her family’s surprising, profound experiences around the death of her father and her sister, reporter Patricia Pearson sets out on an open-minded inquiry, a rare journalistic investigation of Nearing Death Awareness, which Anne Rice praises as “substantive, eloquent, and worthwhile.” Opening Heaven’s Door offers deeply affecting stories of messages from the dying and the dead in a fascinating work of investigative journalism, pointing to new scientific explanations that give these luminous moments the importance felt by those who experience them. Pearson also delves into out-of-body and near-death experiences, examining stories and research to make sense of these related but distinct categories.
Challenging current assumptions about what we know and what we are still unable to explain, Opening Heaven’s Door will forever alter your perceptions of the nature of life and death.
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About the Author
Patricia Pearson’s work has appeared in The New Yorker, The New York Times, and Business Week, among other publications. A former member of USA TODAY’s Op-Ed Board of Contributors, she gave a recent TEDx talk, “Why Ghosts are Good for You,” which points to research showing the importance of NDAs in helping people cope with grief. She is based in Toronto, Canada.
Read an Excerpt
Opening Heaven’s Door
My father died in his blue-striped pajamas on a soft bed in a silent house. He wasn’t ailing. At three or four in the morning, he gave out a sigh, loud enough to wake my mother, who sleepily assumed that he was having a bad dream. A sigh, a moan, a final breath escaping. She leaned over to rub his back, and then retreated into her own cozy haze of unconsciousness. Morning arrived a few hours later as a thin suffusion of northern March light. She roused herself and walked around the prone form of her husband of fifty-four years to go to the bathroom.
Downstairs to the humdrum rituals of the kitchen. Brewing coffee, easing her teased-apart English muffin halves into the toaster, listening to the radio, on which I was being interviewed about a brand-new book. Her youngest of five children, I was providing commentary about a lawsuit brought by a man who had suffered incalculable psychological damage from finding a dead fly in his bottle of water.
“Did he have grounds?” the host was asking me. Was it possible for a life to unravel at the prospect of one dead fly?
My mother spread her muffin with marmalade, thought ahead to her day. Some meetings, a luncheon, an outing with her granddaughter Rachel, who was visiting for March break. She didn’t wonder why Geoffrey, my father, still remained in their bed. No heightened sense of vigilance for a healthy man who’d just turned eighty.
In families, attention is directed toward crisis, and during the early spring of 2008, we were all transfixed by my sister Katharine’s health. It was she, not my father, who faced death. Vivacious Katharine, an uncommonly lovely woman—mother and sister and daughter—was anguished by the wildfire spread of metastatic breast cancer. Katharine’s fate had become the family’s “extreme reality,” as Virginia Woolf once put it.
My father played his role most unexpectedly.
“Rachel,” said my mother, shaking my niece’s slack shoulder where she lay snoozing in the guest room, after Mum had headed back upstairs for her morning bath. “Rachel.” My niece opened her eyes, glimpsed an expression of wild vulnerability on my mother’s face, and shot into full awakened consciousness.
“Granddaddy won’t wake up.”
Later that morning, we all received the call, the what-the-hell-are-you-talking-about news that my mother, with Rachel’s astonished assistance, dialed out to the family. But Katharine, one hundred miles east of my parents, in Montréal, received her message differently.
“On the night of my father’s death,” she would tell mourners at his memorial service some weeks later, “I had an extraordinary spiritual experience.” My sister, please know, wasn’t prone to spiritual experiences. Stress, she was familiar with, as the single mother of two teenaged boys. Laughter, she loved. Fitness of any kind—she was vibrantly physical. Fantastic intellect, fluent in three languages. But she hadn’t been paying much attention to God.
“It was about four thirty a.m.,” she said, of that night, “and I couldn’t sleep, as usual, when all of a sudden I began having this amazing spiritual experience. For the next two hours I felt nothing but joy and healing.” There was a quality of light about my sister Katharine, a certain radiance of expression, a melody of voice that hushed every single person in the church—atheist, agnostic, devout. She clutched the podium carefully, determined to be graceful while terminal illness threatened her sense of balance. “I felt hands on my head, and experienced vision after vision of a happy future.”
Katharine had described this strange and lovely predawn experience to her elder son as she drove him to high school, before she received the call about Dad. She also wrote about it in her diary: “I thought, is this about people praying for me? And then I thought of Dad cocking his eyebrow, teasing me about hubris.” She hadn’t known how to interpret the powerful surge of energy and joy she felt in her bedroom—the sense of someone there, the healing hands—until the next day. “I now know that it was my father,” she told the mourners. Flat-out, she said this, without the necessary genuflections to science and to reason, no patience for the usual caveats: Call me crazy, but . . . “I feel deeply, humbly blessed and loved,” she said simply, and sat down.
Astral father, there yet not there. Love flowing unseen. A benign companion of some sort, whose embrace is light but radically moving.
My family is not in the habit of experiencing ghosts. Arriving at my parents’ house on March 19, the day after Dad’s death, I heard about Katharine’s vision for the first time and collapsed to the carpeted floor of the hallway, on the verge of hysterical laughter. My reaction wasn’t derisive so much as surrendered. Reality was vibrating, close to shattering.
“Dad is dead, Dad is dead,” I had muttered for twenty-four hours already, like a child fervently memorizing new instructions about the way of things, crisscrossing the icy park beside my house, pacing back and forth. Dad is dead.
Now Katharine had had a vision.
We took it in as an aftershock. But almost immediately, it began to make profound sense, like puzzle pieces slipping perfectly into place. Without discussing it, we were convinced as a family that he had done something of great emotional elegance. He had died for his daughter. He had seized a mysterious opportunity to go to her, to her bedroom in Montréal, to caress her and calm her before heading on his way.
Later, I learned that this sort of experience when someone has died is startlingly common, not rare, but families shelter their knowledge, keeping it safe and beloved like a delicate heirloom, away from the careless stomp of strangers.
There was much I would learn in the ensuing year about the kept-hidden world all around me, but at the time I understood this much: what a gift this was for Katharine. Waking up over the previous twelve months had meant regaining knowledge of her predicament, which was like an immersive drowning terror in the darkness. How limited we have become, in our euphemistic language, that we speak of patients “battling” cancer, without affording them the Shakespearean enormity of their vulnerability, as if they are pragmatic and detached, marshaling their troops, and nothing like Ophelia, or Lear.
I knew my sister better than anyone else in my life except, perhaps, my children. She was no more or less “brave” than the biblical Jesus when he called out “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” She stood keening in the shower the night that the emergency room doctor dispassionately informed her that she had lesions on her brain; she begged an abstracted universe for ten more years to see her sons through school and their own weddings.
Then, suddenly, this astonishment when our father died—not knowing that he’d died—of feeling serene, protected, and joyful. Katharine had watched herself—the future beheld in a mirror, a pool?—as she played with an unborn granddaughter, who she understood to be her teenaged son Graeme’s child, on the floor of her bedroom. A five-month-old baby she knew to be named Katie, this wobbly little creature was trying to sit up straight. In her vision, Katharine was holding up the baby girl’s back, helping her sit and crushing on her sweetness, admiring the wacky little bow in her hair.
“She was beautiful,” Katharine told Graeme, of his distant-future fairy child, when she drove him to his Montréal high school that morning. All will be well, and all manner of things will be well.
Back at the house, the phone rang. My mother, calling to report that our father had died.
A month later, in early April, I flew to Arizona to visit the Grand Canyon. A scan had shown that Katharine’s cancer had spread to her bones, her liver. “Beauty is only the first touch of terror we can still bear,” wrote the poet Rainer Maria Rilke. I read that some time later and thought, Ah.
Along the South Rim of the canyon, flies buzzed about the twitching ears of pack mules as they descended the Bright Angel Trail, hooves stepping lively along the steep traverse a few hundred yards ahead of my husband and me. We leaned reflexively into the cliff wall as we followed the party of mule riders, shrinking back from the empty, falling spaces that seemed almost to pull at us, inviting us to swoon and tumble headlong a thousand feet to our doom.
Were only tourists venturing down this crumbling path, I wondered, or pilgrims, too, intent on humbling themselves, feeling their way with hands scrabbling rock, confessing to having no knowledge of the vastness that engulfed them, lured by that very admission? When a scouting party of conquistadors first set eyes on the canyon in the sixteenth century, they chose to believe their eyes, and thought that the Colorado River in the canyon’s depth was simply a creek, a thread of blue, easily trudged across at knee’s height by their horses. They never did grasp that the canyon was ten miles across, rim to rim, and that the river below coursed as wide as the Nile.
We understand those dimensions now, only because the guidebooks make it plain. We fix our eyes accordingly and, when we spy the river, calculate in relation to what we’ve been told: if that ribbon down there is actually one mile across, then this height is dizzying. We cower into the Supai sandstone. How do we know what is infinite and what is not? What do we trust—our eyes or our instincts, our guidebook or our gut?
My sister’s death was imminent, I felt, perhaps a month away, although she hadn’t been given a prognosis—didn’t want one—and was still working out at the gym, where people were starting to call her “the Lance Armstrong of Montréal.” She certainly looked the part, graceful, agile, and strong. I was acutely aware of her dying, so much so that it seemed to me that the air itself was dangerous to breathe, for each breath demarcated the passage of time. I sensed the clock continuously, how it betrayed me, let go of me, ruined me, and broke my heart with every exhalation.
“It’s not that soon, do you think?” my husband asked uncertainly, hiking beside me, aware of my fear of the cell phone in my pocket, of its ring. Well, yes, it was that soon. I’d done the research. Average time to death after brain metastasis from inflammatory breast cancer: three months. But I was alone with this knowledge, because Katharine’s oncologist wouldn’t say anything out loud that didn’t involve metaphors of war. He was currently engaged in bringing out the “heavy artillery,” as he called it. Shells were exploding in the rain-dark trenches.
My clock felt increasingly internal and intuitive. When you need to read the world differently, when ordinary channels of information are blocked, what then do you do? About a quarter mile down the Bright Angel Trail, we stopped to rest. My husband went off to make sound recordings, a passion of his, and I crouched in the scant shade of an overhanging rock, perched uneasily on the slope. The view from here was altered, for the canyon now towered above me. My tilted chin faced an immense wall of stone, as tall as a skyscraper. A red-tailed hawk circled high above me in the shimmering air. What I saw, I labeled instantly, unconsciously: a bird of prey, a wall of stone, the quick and apprehensive movement of a ground squirrel. Some tourists, French and German, lumbering along, out of breath, their nylon packs a jarring shade of blue. Someone’s dog, trotting; the flies, the mules’ dung. And far away a helicopter’s burr.
Would a Hualapai woman pausing here a few hundred years ago have broken down this vista into its constituent, material parts? Or would she have seen a landscape rich with portent and spirit, where that bird was not just a bird but a song?
“One has never seen the world well,” wrote the metaphysicist Gaston Bachelard, “if he has not dreamed what he was seeing.”
Father dead and sister dying, time to welcome portent and spirit, even while the doctor yacks on about the efficacy of the latest round of chemo.
We climbed out of the canyon, stopping frequently to take sucks of water from the clear plastic tubes jutting out of our newfangled backpacks. As we approached the rim, I noticed a rainbow. A perfect, vivid little crescent rainbow hanging in the desert sky as if a child had placed a decal on a window. It was so incongruous, given the arid climate, that I chose to make note of it, and checked my watch. Just shy of noon. By evening the sun set breathtakingly, spilling colored light into the canyon. From an Adirondack chair on the porch of the El Tovar Lodge, I called Katharine in Montréal on my cell. No answer.
“Kitty-Kat,” I tell her answering machine, “I’m at the rim of the Grand Canyon”—at the end of the world, at the confluence of beauty and terror; here for you, here without you. Katharine, “I’m thinking about you all the time.”
She didn’t respond, my sister. At the hour I saw the rainbow in the desert sky, just shy of noon, she was being admitted to a hospital in Montréal suffering from acute septicemia, being urged by the doctors to scribble a living will.
A week later, I lay entangled with her on her narrow hospital bed at Montréal’s Royal Victoria Hospital, watching CNN on the hanging TV in her curtained-off ward cubicle. In her wisp of a hospital gown, she sipped Pepsi from a straw, bald as an eagle, hands bruised from multiple IV punctures, her legs too pale and slender. My face was tanned from the Arizona sun, while my beautiful sister’s was puffed by steroids and flushed from the blood infection that was slowly being brought under control.
She was finally on morphine, and for the first time a little smile played at the corners of her mouth after a weeklong stretch of pained affliction due to wave after wave of intense headaches, with nothing being offered by the hospital but Tylenol because they were treating her for a blood infection and had lost track of the other medical team who had been treating her for cancer. Katharine’s characteristic grace and composure masked the degree of her suffering from nurses and doctors on ward rotation, until I had a Tasmanian Devil–style tantrum at three in the morning, when the nurse once again said that Tylenol was the only option “allowed.”
So that was where we were, my sister and I, holding hands on her bed and watching coverage of the 2008 U.S. primaries, when her oncologist—finally aware of her existence on this ward being treated for septicemia—came in to break the news that he was transferring her to palliative care. No more chemo. No further radiation. The guns would go silent. It was time, now, he said, to “manage the symptoms.”
Katharine moved to hospice on May 14, 2008. The palliative care physician guessed that she had weeks, at the outside margin. But nobody told her that. She was left to envision a horizon without end, distant or near, bright or dark. She didn’t ask. Instead, she became a peaceful queen presiding over her court as fifty or more friends, relations, and colleagues arrived for one last conversation, a final kiss. The short hallway of the hospice seemed to me to be streaming to and fro with weeping executives in tony suits, and well-heeled women with red-rimmed eyes carrying bottles of Veuve Clicquot. Just one more toast, another laugh.
The hospice nurses were fascinated, as they told me later, for they were more accustomed to small family groups visiting elderly patients in a quiet, off-and-on way. They watched as we cracked open champagne and played Katharine’s favorite songs while she swayed dancingly in her bed, and brought her foods for which she had a fleeting craving, and offered her lilies of the valley to bury her nose in, inhaling. Never have I seen human beings so exquisitely emotionally attuned to one another as we were when we spent those last days in May with my dying sister. When she wanted the volume of energy up, we turned it up. When she wanted it down, we brought it down. The calibration was so precise that when a visitor barged in, all innocence, but with the wrong energy level, we tackled them like a rugby team. Get out, GET OUT!! You’re too chipper/too sad/too alpha/too can-do.
When I kissed my sister’s cheek she would kiss me back and behold me in a manner that was so loving it startled me. Generous love, released from need. Often, we sat about wordlessly as she slept, my other two sisters, my brother, and me. Sometimes we massaged her hands with cream and sang softly. Her sweetheart, Joel, played his guitar. My mother, awash in two waves of grief, read Katharine the love poetry that our father had penned for her in the early fifties.
One afternoon, Katharine’s ex-partner came by with a vast bouquet of spring flowers that, he explained, had been left anonymously on their former shared doorstep.
“Everybody in the neighborhood loves you, Katharine,” he said with a fervent sincerity.
“Surely there’s someone who doesn’t love me,” she responded with dry amusement.
She spoke very little, in these final ten days of her life. A few sentences here and there, more often just a word or two. Yet it was clear from everything she said that she was present and observing. Which was why it grew remarkable to us that she seemed so content. She enjoyed our company and the music we played, and gazed admiringly at the garden beyond her window, and the light playing in the curtains.
“Wow, that was strange,” she remarked, upon waking up once, her expression one of smiling delight. “I dreamed I was being smooshed in flowers.”
All this appeared to interest her—to interest and to please her, as if she were engaged in a novel and pleasant adventure. She looked gorgeous, as if lit from within. Sometimes, she would have happy whispered conversations with a person I couldn’t see. At other times, she’d stare at the ceiling of her room as a full panoply of expressions played across her face: puzzled, amused, skeptical, surprised, becalmed, like a spectator angled back in a planetarium, watching a heavenly light show.
I watched her ardently, but she couldn’t translate it for me. The sister with whom I’d shared every secret had moved beyond words. “It’s so interesting,” she began one morning, and then couldn’t find the language. “It must be so frustrating,” I said quietly, “to not be able to say,” and she nodded. We touched foreheads. I was left to guess, or to glimpse what she was experiencing in the accounts of others who’d recovered their voice. I would read later, for example, about the Swiss geologist Albert Heim, who fell off a mountain and wrote, in 1892: “No grief was felt, nor was there paralyzing fright . . . no trace of despair, no pain; but rather calm seriousness, profound acceptance and a dominant mental quickness.”
She had not forgotten that she was dying. “Is Mum all right?” Katharine might ask me with concern. Or: “You guys must be falling apart faster than I am.”
Indeed, we were. My brain was a computer in meltdown, a car shoved into neutral, an old black-and-white television whose brightness had narrowed to one fizzing star. It is difficult to describe, because I was not capable, intellectually, of observing my own disintegration. I was lost, but Katharine wasn’t. She knew very well that she was dying, and more than that. Forty-eight hours before she died, she told us she was on her way. Literally, as in: “I am leaving.” How did she know? Hospice could have been two months or six months or two years. If nothing else, hope could have swayed it that way, and she’d subsisted on hope for the first eleven months of her illness. A study conducted by Harvard researchers found that 63 percent of doctors caring for terminally ill patients wildly overestimated how much time their patients had left. The patients themselves, however, can become crisply precise, sometimes nailing their departure to the hour, according to hospice staff.
Katharine woke up one morning and, looking decidedly perplexed, said to Joel, who lay disheveled on the cot beside her: “I don’t know how to leave.” It was as if she were asking how to water-ski or make bread dough rise. Clearly, she didn’t feel anymore the way that we felt, with our thirsting ecstatic joy to find she was still alive each day when we raced to her side. She teased Joel that he looked like a drug addict in his hollow-eyed disarray. She was present, but also elsewhere. Katharine had removed herself to some new plane of consciousness where we were unable to follow.
That afternoon, she gazed through the French doors of her room for a long time with a look that seemed to me, sitting beside her and stroking her hand, to be slightly exasperated. Vexed.
“What are you looking at?” I asked her.
She lifted her arm languidly and pointed in the direction of the garden, remarking: “Hapless flight attendants.”
We all laughed in surprise. Just then a hospice volunteer wheeled in a trolley of snacks.
Katharine alertly turned to this new visitor and asked: “What’s the situation?”
Said the hospice volunteer with brisk cheer: “Well, the situation is that we have lemon tarts, Nanaimo bars, and oatmeal cookies. All home baked.”
My sister regarded her as if she were insane.
“I mean,” Katharine clarified, clearing her throat, for her lungs were becoming congested, “when do I leave?”
Joel, masterfully suppressing his grief about losing the love of his life after only three years, assumed a comical Indian accent (they’d met in New Delhi) and, wobbling his head, offered: “That is for you and God to decide.”
Katharine left the next night, in silence and candlelight, while I lay with my cheek on her chest and my hand on her heart, feeling her breathing slow and subside like the receding waves on an outgoing tide. Joel sat on one side of the bed, my sister Anne on the other. The nurse came in, barefoot with a flashlight, to confirm death with a deferential, wordless nod, and we anointed her body in oil and wrapped her in silk. Anne, the only actively religious one of my siblings, offered a Bahai prayer. The staff lit a candle in the hospice window. My mother; my eldest sister, Hilary; and Katharine’s godmother, Robin, three thousand miles westward in Vancouver, all awoke in their beds, attuned to some new-sounding clock.
“All the world should weep, at the loss of such a lovely girl,” Robin found herself dreamily thinking as the curtains shifted and rustled, in the shadows of that dawn.
After Katharine died, I remember my face to the wind, feeling the air, the coolness and fluidity, the urgency. Every day, wind in my face, capturing my attention in some fundamentally new way. I was aware of breath, of what the Greek called pneuma, of a soul-filled world. I gulped the air.
“Welcome to our tribe,” someone said to me wryly that summer, speaking of the crazy shift in perspective that comes with grieving. That is exactly how it felt. Suddenly, there were people who understood how you could feel like you were gulping air. It was a fiercely intimate bond; even if we had nothing else in common, we had death in common now. It’s hard to imagine death and its shared rituals being the basis for tribal belonging two hundred or five hundred years ago, but now that the experience of grieving is socially fractured, we have no universal consolation to offer, like, “Your father and sister are with God now.” Instead, either people feel awkward around you, or those who know all about your wild, unhinged reconfigurations say, “Yup, I get it, my friend.” Stuff gets weird. You respond to new-sounding clocks, you gulp air.
For a subset of this tribe, the sense that we have encountered a radical mystery unites us as well. We have quietly learned from the dying that additional channels of communication, of which we previously hadn’t been aware, enable us to know things in mysterious ways. They enable us to connect in mysterious ways—with one another, with the dying, and with the dead—along uncharted or long-forgotten paths.
This shared sense that the dying have opened a door to us that leads elsewhere comes in hushed confidings. During the summer and fall of 2008, people began to tell me things. Some were friends and colleagues I’d known for years, others sitting beside me on an airplane or meeting me for the first time in a bar. If I told them what I’d witnessed with my father and sister, they reciprocated. Almost invariably, they prefaced their remarks by saying, “I’ve never told anyone this, but . . .” Or, “We’ve only ever discussed this in our family, but if you think you might do some research . . .” Then they would offer extraordinary stories—about deathbed visions, sensed presences, near-death experiences, sudden intimations of a loved one in danger or dying. They were all smart, skeptical people. I had no idea this subterranean world was all around me.
The director of a large music company drove me home from a dinner party and, when I explained that I was thinking of investigating what my family had gone through, he parked the car outside my house, not ready to say good night. He told me that, as a boy, he had come down to breakfast one morning and seen his father, as always, at the kitchen table. Then his mother broke the news that his father had died in the night. He briefly wondered if she’d gone mad. “He’s sitting right there,” he said. It was the most baffling and unsettling moment of his life.
On a hot summer afternoon, I stood chatting with a woman on a sidewalk in Pittsburgh; we were waiting for some fellow tourists on a shared weekend trip to the Carnegie and Warhol museums. She told me the story of her sister, who had woken one night to the sensation of glass shattering all over her bed, as if the bedroom window had been blown inward by a tempest. With adrenaline rushing, the sister leaped out of bed immediately and felt around gingerly for the shards of glass she expected to find all over her blanket. There was nothing there. The window was intact; all was quiet. The next day, she learned her daughter had been in a car accident, in which the windshield had shattered. We spoke about another death in her family, and by the time the other tourists rejoined us, there were tears filming her blue eyes. It struck me again how powerful and raw our experiences around death are, how carefully we keep them concealed and yet how close to the surface they stay.
In the late nineties, the palliative care physician Michael Barbato designed a questionnaire for family members of patients after realizing that neither his unit nor most other hospice facilities ever formally investigated experiences like that of my sister on the night of Dad’s death. To his surprise, he found that 49 percent of his respondents had had such an uncanny event. “Even if we cannot understand the basis for these phenomena,” Barbato argued in a subsequent journal article, “the weight of evidence suggests we cannot continue to ignore them.” Certainly, you cannot ignore them when they happen to you.
There is pain in loss, and then—in our culture—there is further pain in the silence borne by fear of being dismissed or ridiculed when that loss entails something unexpectedly wondrous. Tell someone your sister felt a presence in her bedroom on the night your father died and, at once, the explanations come:
And the implied condemnation: “Know what? Yer kinda credulous.”
I attended a Christmas party with old university friends, and caught up with a man I hadn’t seen for years who works in IT for a bank. I told him about losing Katharine and Dad, some of what had transpired, and he said gently: “I don’t mean to be unkind, but it is very likely that she was imagining all these things.”
Walking home, I mused about why he found it necessary to say that and why he felt he could speak with complete authority on the subject of what the dying see. He had casually stripped the meaning out of one of the most sacred moments in Katharine’s life. Just like that. When I stopped feeling angry, I wondered how he explained away his days. We are meaning-seeking creatures. We dwell among stories and myths; we don’t do well chained in all around by a materialist frame and then, for good measure, labeled as fools while we grieve.
“I love you,” a man whispers to his new wife at their wedding reception. Imagine a scientist barging into the building: “Prove it!” she commands. “Prove that you love your wife. Do you have the MRI scan?”
Prove your anger, prove your empathy, prove your sense of humor. Nobody really asks you to do that scientifically, of course, because love, anger, empathy, and wit are all considered common elements of human nature, even if they are not scientifically measurable, beyond locating possible neural correlates. Spirituality used to be considered an ordinary part of the human experience as well, but now we call for extraordinary evidence. Why should this be? In some ways it has to do with the rise of what has been called scientism, which is not the use of science as a method of inquiry but rather a prejudice that believes anything that eludes scientific measurement cannot exist.
In 1979, a survey of more than one thousand college professors in the United States found that 55 percent of natural scientists, 66 percent of social scientists, and 77 percent of academics in the humanities believed that some sort of psychic perception was either a fact or a likely possibility. Only 2 percent felt it was outright impossible. In the ’80s and ’90s, assumptions deepened that all human experience would be explained by the workings of the brain. More recently, some scientists have quietly started to probe that assumption.
In 1999, the psychologist Charles Tart put up a website called the Archives of Scientists’ Transcendent Experience, where scientists could anonymously confess their uncanny or spiritual experiences without risk of career blowback. Tart described it as “a safe space” for these scientists, as if they were admitting to a lifetime of boozing or wearing women’s underwear. Engineers, chemists, mathematicians, and biologists posted. These scientists, and many like them, put the lie to the persistent belief that only credulous and sentimental people fall prey to certain imaginings. A recent study in the British Journal of Psychology showed that there is no difference in critical-thinking skills between people who have uncanny experiences and those who call themselves skeptics. Other studies confirm this lack of difference.
The retired Princeton physicist Freeman Dyson wrote in 2007: “If one believes, as I do, that extrasensory perception exists but is scientifically untestable, one must believe that the scope of science is limited. I put forward, as a working hypothesis, that ESP is real but belongs to a mental universe that is too fluid and evanescent to fit within the rigid protocols of scientific testing.”
What he meant was that the tools we have designed to map the genome and determine what makes wheat grow cannot be applied here. The paranormal or spiritual experience comes unbidden. We cannot put my sister in a lab in Palo Alto and wait for my father to die one more time. Dyson received flak for his assertion, but like many of us, he’d witnessed inexplicable phenomena within the confines of his own extended family; his grandmother, he wrote, was a “notorious and successful faith healer.” A cousin of his had been the longtime editor of the Journal for the Society of Psychical Research.
Skeptics warn that people who engage with the paranormal are either con artists or their credulous victims, and likely a few of them are. But when you know people—when you respect their intelligence, their groundedness, when you witness their discomfort with what they’re picking up by unknown means—that characterization is simply unpersuasive. As Dyson said of his cousin and grandmother: “Neither of them was a fool.” Nor are the people who have been coming out of the woodwork to tell me of what they’d encountered. Nor was my sister.
Private moments of conversion—from assuming the universe operates by one set of rules to suddenly suspecting there might be other forces at play—can happen to people “like a jolt,” as the University of California psychiatrist Elizabeth Lloyd Mayer said, after her own encounter with an act of perception that seemed to be drawing on some unknown sense. In Mayer’s case, the jolt came as a result of clairvoyance, which is the ability to somehow glean information across distance. Her daughter had a rare and valuable harp stolen near San Francisco in 1991; neither the police nor the family’s public appeals managed to recover it. After several months, a friend suggested to Mayer that she had nothing to lose by consulting a dowser. “Finding lost objects with forked sticks?” Mayer responded. But her friend gave her the phone number of the president of the American Society of Dowsers, at the time a man named Harold McCoy who lived in Arkansas.
“I called him that day. Harold picked up the phone—friendly, cheerful, heavy Arkansas accent.” She told him she was looking for a stolen harp in Oakland, California, and asked, dubiously, if he could help her locate it. “ ‘Give me a second,’ he said. ‘I’ll tell you if it’s still in Oakland.’ He paused, then said, ‘Well, it’s still there. Send me a street map of Oakland and I’ll locate that harp for you.’ ” Mayer sent the map by express post, and two days later, McCoy phoned back to tell her precisely which house in Oakland contained her daughter’s harp. Feeling as though she’d surely lost her mind, she put up flyers in a two-block radius of this house, in a neighborhood she was unfamiliar with. She soon received a phone call from someone who had seen the harp in his neighbor’s house. He was able to get it back to Mayer. “As I turned into my driveway [with the harp],” she later wrote, “I had the thought: This changes everything.”
Mayer needed to completely reexamine her understanding of how the world worked, and after my father and sister died I felt much the same way. I wanted to understand what we knew, and what remained unclear, scientifically elusive, about these controversial modes of awareness. It wasn’t enough for me, as a journalist, to accept the officially received wisdom, and it certainly wasn’t enough for me as a sister to ignore Katharine’s intelligence and discernment and what she was willing to put on the line at our father’s memorial service. I wanted to defend her integrity and show respect for our collective experience, so I tried to pursue these questions. Why had my sister had a powerful spiritual experience in the hour of my father’s unexpected death? How did she sense a presence in her bedroom, and feel hands cupping her head? Why did she enter into her own dying experience afraid at first—only to become increasingly joyful? What was she seeing, what was she learning, what would she have told me if she could have, after she could no longer converse?
What I learned in the ensuing few years was far richer and more mysterious than I ever imagined, and by sharing it with you, I am hoping that I open a door.
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Absolutely fascinating. Pearson's compelling perspective makes this book so much more interesting. Anyone who has loved someone that has died will be able to relate to the grief experience and the quest to know what happens to their loved ones during the dying process.
Patricia takes us on a journey through her gift of prose and good journalistic sensibilities. Well researched, this book offers the reader a wide array of accounts of the reality of life after death. Her own accounts within her family provides a personal element that compliments the others that were well researched. A book that should create a wide leak in the formidable dam of skepticism and debunkery that pervades our culture. Highly recommended for those seeking comfort or knowledge into a glimpse of what awaits us all once we shed our physical bodies.