Small Canadian cities confront serious social issues as a result of the neoliberal economic restructuring practiced by both federal and provincial governments since the 1980s. Drastic spending reductions and ongoing restraint in social assistance, income supports, and the provision of affordable housing, combined with the offloading of social responsibilities onto municipalities, has contributed to the generalization of social issues once chiefly associated with Canada’s largest urban centres. As the investigations in this volume illustrate, while some communities responded to these issues with inclusionary and progressive actions others were more exclusionary and reactive—revealing forms of discrimination, exclusion, and “othering” in the implementation of practices and policies. Importantly, however their investigations reveal a broad range of responses to the social issues they face. No matter the process and results of the proposed solutions, what the contributors uncovered were distinctive attributes of the small city as it struggles to confront increasingly complex social issues. If local governments accept a social agenda as part of its responsibilities, the contributors to Small Cities, Big Issues believe that small cities can succeed in reconceiving community based on the ideals of acceptance, accommodation, and inclusion.
|Publisher:||Athabasca University Press|
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About the Author
Christopher Walmsley is professor emeritus at Thompson Rivers University. He taught social work for over 25 years at Thompson Rivers University, University of Manitoba, and University of British Columbia. He is the author of Protecting Aboriginal Children and co-editor with Diane Purvey of Child and Family Welfare in British Columbia: A History. He has also published numerous articles and reports on fathers and child welfare. He lives in New Westminster, BC. Terry Kading is associate professor of political science at Thompson Rivers University where he teaches courses in Canadian politics, comparative politics, and local government. He is also involved in several community-based research projects with a focus on social and economic challenges in the small city.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgements ix Introduction 3 Part I Displacement, Isolation, and the Other 1. Homelessness in Small Cities: The Abdication of Federal Responsibility 23 Terry Kading and Christopher Walmsley 2. Zoned Out: Regulating Street Sex Work in Kamloops, British Columbia 53 Lorry-Ann Austin 3. Needles in Nanaimo: Exclusionary Versus Inclusionary Approaches to Illicit Drug Users 75 Sydney Weaver 4. Being Queer in the Small City 105 Wendy Hulko 5. “Thrown Out into the Community”: The Closure of Tranquille 125 Diane Purvey 6. Fitting In: Women Parolees in the Small City 147 Jennifer Murphy 7. Walking in Two Worlds: Aboriginal Peoples in the Small City 167 Sharnelle Matthew and Kathie McKinnon Part II Building Community 8. Social Planning and the Dynamics of Small-City Government 193 Christopher Walmsley and Terry Kading 9. The Inadequacies of Multiculturalism: Reflections on Immigrant Settlement, Identity Negotiation, and Community in a Small City 213 Mónica J. Sánchez-Flores 10. Municipal Approaches to Poverty Reduction in British Columbia: A Comparison of New Westminster and Abbotsford 235 Robert Harding and Paul Jenkinson 11. Integrated Action and Community Empowerment: Building Relationships of Solidarity in Magog, Québec 275 Jacques Caillouette 12. Small City, Large Town? Reflections on Neoliberalism in the United Kingdom 295 Graham Day Conclusion: The Way Forward 323 List of Contributors 331