The Poisoned Weed: Plants Toxic to Skin

The Poisoned Weed: Plants Toxic to Skin

by Donald G. Crosby

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190288709
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 04/01/2004
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 5 MB

Table of Contents

1The Setting3
1.1History3
1.2The Plants6
1.3The Poisons9
1.4Skin12
1.5Exposure15
1.6Adverse Effects16
1.7Prevention and Treatment19
1.8Conclusions20
2Poison Oaks, Poison Ivies, and Relatives22
2.1Family Ties: The Anacardiaceae22
2.2Toxicodendrons22
2.3What to Look For32
2.4Habitats and Geographical Distribution33
2.5Propagation36
2.6Conclusions37
3Other Allergenic Plants39
3.1Dermatotoxic Plants39
3.2More Anacardiaceae39
3.3Quinone-Containing Plants47
3.4Asteraceae (Compositae)51
3.5Other Flowering Plants58
3.6Lower Plants63
3.7Photoallergenic Plants64
3.8Conclusions65
4Phototoxic and Irritant Plants66
4.1Phototoxic Plants66
4.2Irritant Plants73
4.3Conclusions86
5Allergens Related to Urushiol87
5.1Urushioid Allergens87
5.2Urushiols and Laccols87
5.3Isolation, Identification, and Analysis92
5.4Physical and Environmental Properties97
5.5Reactions with Proteins101
5.6Synthetic Urushioids102
5.7Natural Urushioids103
5.8Conclusions106
6Other Plant Allergens108
6.1Other Kinds of Allergens108
6.2Quinones and Hydroquinones108
6.3Lactones113
6.4Acetylenic Alcohols119
6.5Essential Oils120
6.6Lichen Substances124
6.7Rubber Latex126
6.8Conclusions126
7Phototoxic and Irritant Constituents128
7.1More Dermatotoxicity128
7.2Photodynamic Agents128
7.3Irritant Esters135
7.4Organosulfur Compounds140
7.5Irritant Amines and Amides147
7.6Calcium Oxalate149
7.7Conclusions149
8Exposure151
8.1Forms of Exposure151
8.2Direct (Primary) Exposure152
8.3Casual (Nonoccupational) Exposure157
8.4Indirect (Secondary) Exposure163
8.5Individual Characteristics165
8.6Cross-reactions165
8.7Economic Significance167
8.8Limiting Exposure168
8.9Conclusions171
9Adverse Effects172
9.1Intoxication172
9.2Penetration172
9.3"Toxicity"175
9.4Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis176
9.5Mechanisms181
9.6Tumorigenesis186
9.7Sensitivity Differences187
9.8Relation of Structure to Activity188
9.9Conclusions191
10Prevention and Treatment193
10.1Prevention and Treatment193
10.2Patch Tests193
10.3Prevention195
10.4Treatment: What Works, What Doesn't199
10.5"Rational" Treatment201
10.6Future Possibilities203
10.7Conclusions205
Appendices207
References215
Glossary247
Index of Plant Names251
Index of Chemical Common Names259
General Index263

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