Villages in Cities: Community Land Ownership and Cooperative Housing in Milton Parc and Beyond

Villages in Cities: Community Land Ownership and Cooperative Housing in Milton Parc and Beyond


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In Montreal in 1968, speculators announced their ‘urban renewal’ plan to demolish six blocks of the downtown heritage neighborhood of Milton Parc in order to build enormous high-rise condos, hotels, office buildings, and shopping malls. The local community viewed this as a declaration of war. What followed was a remarkable struggle that not only saved the heritage architecture from destruction but also protected local residents from gentrification through the creation of the largest nonprofit cooperative housing project on an urban community land trust in North America.
And Milton Parc is not unique. Villages in Cities takes us across North America—to New York, Boston, Burlington, Oakland, Jackson, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, and Vancouver—to show concrete examples of citizens taking back the land and claiming their right to secure housing. The book draws connections among these projects, examines their underlying causes, and connects them with a holistic “Right to the City” movement that is emerging internationally.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781551646879
Publisher: Black Rose Books
Publication date: 02/01/2019
Pages: 240
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Joshua Hawley is an MA candidate at Queen’s University in Canada and a community organizer in the housing justice movement. Dimitri Roussopoulos is a publisher, author, and activist at the forefront of urban social movements engaged in housing, ecology, and municipalism.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 6

Introduction Josh Hawley Dimitrios Roussopoulos 8

January 1971 MPCC Introductory Pamphlet 18

Milton-Parc: How We Did It and How It Works Now Lucia Kowaluk Carolle Piché-Burton 24

1969 Free Press 36

Champlain Housing Trust Brenda Torpy 39

1970 Architectural Canada Newsmagazine Debate 51

Montreal and Boston: Intertwined Destinies Julien Deschênes 55

Spring-Summer 1971 BULLDOZER: Bulletin of the MPCC 66

1972 Community Press (formerly the BULLDOZER) 72

On Housing Lucia Kowaluk 83

1973 Arrests and Trial 91

Housing Co-ops: Citizen Control or Social Service Josh Hawley 98

1979 Letter from Lucia Kowaluk to Phyllis Lambert and Heritage Montreal 108

Social Production of Housing Iman Salama 122

1983 CMHC Press Release on the Inauguration of Milton-Pare 130

Interview with Dimitrios Roussopoulos 134

Interview with Lucia Kowaluk 146

Appendix A Financial and Technical Participation of CMHC in Milton-Parc 155

Appendix B Timeline of Milton-Parc: 1979-1987 157

About the authors 162

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