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Wild Child: Girlhoods in the Counterculture

Wild Child: Girlhoods in the Counterculture

by Chelsea Cain (Editor), Moon Unit Zappa (Foreword by)

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Tofu casseroles, communes, clothing-optional kindergarten, antiwar protests - these are just a few of the hallmarks of a counterculture childhood. What became of kids who had been denied meat, exposed to free love, and given nouns for names? In Wild Child, daughters of the hippie generation speak about the legacy of their childhoods. The writers present a rearview


Tofu casseroles, communes, clothing-optional kindergarten, antiwar protests - these are just a few of the hallmarks of a counterculture childhood. What became of kids who had been denied meat, exposed to free love, and given nouns for names? In Wild Child, daughters of the hippie generation speak about the legacy of their childhoods. The writers present a rearview mirror to contemporary culture; with an eye on the past they remind us that there is more than one path through the present. Contributors include Lisa Michaels (Split) and Ariel Gore (Hip Mama).

Editorial Reviews

San Francisco Chronicle
Ultimately, Wild Child is about the search for a balanced life. Unlike many of their parents, who chose desertion of mainstream America as their form of social protest, none of Cain's wild children live on communes. And all, at some point in their stories, struggle to reconcile their counterculture ideals with the inevitable compromises necessary to live within society. As might be expected, no one quite hits upon an answer, which seems a fitting conclusion for the children of a movement that preached that life was about the journey, not the destination.
Kimberly Palmer
Wild Child lets the daughters of hippies critique their parent's lifestyle.
USA Today
BUST Magazine
Those of you who weren't there can get a glimpse of the incredible diversity that existed in the counterculture of the 60's and 70's. And for those of us who grew up there, it is a nostalgic connection to our youth.
Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
Some may consider the hippie counterculture a bust, but the dynamic young women whose personal essays appear in this collection illustrate that it did create a subculture of strong individuals. By turns angry, sentimental and wary, the daughters of this cultural revolution meditate on the impact of their parents' choices. Zappa sets the tone in her energetic but scattered prologue celebrating individual difference. Editor Cain captures the muddy emotional landscape experienced by many girls who "live between two worlds"; her jaded yet clever report on today's Rainbow Gatherings, where folks drink camp coffee but crave cappuccino, is a highlight. In a coarse polemic, Elizabeth Sh rages against the free love that left her without boundaries: free to do anything "[b]ut not free to say no." Cecily Schmidt gently tries to find her place in the counterculture as she poetically honors her quiet parents, who instilled in her a love of the land and a powerful sense of self. Veggie diets, too much pot and persistent poverty drove many hippies back into the mainstream, although some of their children didn't accompany them. As a group, these voices, which join those of other notable hippie kids, such as Jedidiah Purdy and Lisa Michaels (whose Split: A Counterculture Childhood is excerpted in this volume), are a powerful sign that a change may still be coming. This mixed bag is a worthwhile document from a great, if troubled, experiment. (Dec.) Copyright 1999 Cahners Business Information.
Each of the 15 women who contributed to this well-edited volume experienced counterculture values, lifestyles and exigencies during her formative years. Some, including Frank Zappa's daughter Moon Unit, poet Paola Bilbrough, and Ariel Gore, editor of hip mama, the parenting zine, were born into families already embedded in counterculture life. Others, like Diane Sigman and Rivka Solomon, had reached the middle of childhood within Establishment mores when their parents decided to experiment with drugs, communal living and/or other countercultural ways. Each woman describes how she came to awareness of herself and dueling societal values within and beyond the countercultural structures of elastic domestic relations, political activity, recreational drug use, organic foods and rock music. The voices are as distinctive here as are the experiences. While most express themselves in expository essays featuring colorful memories and cogent analysis, poetry and a letter to a baby are among alternative narrative vehicles. Cain's own essay explores her experiences as an adult attending a Rainbow Gathering. Almost all of the writers have taken significant lessons of their girlhood experiences with the counterculture into adulthood, including preferences for whole foods, disdain for drugs and—nearly unanimously—deep respect for parents who were willing to try an alternative to the conservatism of their own age. Contemporary high school students have both personal and academic interests in the 1960s and this book will appeal to them as well as to those who lived lives like and unlike the featured authors. In addition to belonging in most school and public library collections, this is anexcellent title to suggest to mother/daughter book groups. KLIATT Codes: SA—Recommended for senior high school students, advanced students, and adults. 1999, Seal Press, 186p, 19cm, 99-044610, $16.00. Ages 16 to adult. Reviewer: Francisca Goldsmith; Teen Svcs., Berkeley P.L., Berkeley, CA, July 2000 (Vol. 34 No. 4)

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Da Capo Press
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5.75(w) x 8.75(h) x 0.75(d)

Read an Excerpt

Chapter One


zoë eakle

I guess my folks were trying out something new, but me, I never knew the difference. By the time I showed up they were already in British Columbia on the west coast of Canada. I was born in Sointula, the island of their destination.

    Faded color photos create patchy images of who my parents were then. Snapshots of Dad with grown-out hair and thick dark beard, his jeans tucked into his gum boots, posing with homegrown hemp plants as tall as he is or sitting at the kitchen table pitting cherries from the tree in our backyard.

    My mom's hair was long and straight and parted in the middle like a smooth dark stream around her freckled face. She said she didn't know what hard work was until they left the city. Pictures usually catch her in the middle of something, her sparkly eyes half closed from blinking at the camera. She is bending over a baby, or the dishes, or a row of weeding in the garden. Sometimes she is singing with a band on the front porch with a beer in her hand. Like my father, she is younger than I am today. Her long neck curves gently down into her back. She is beautiful.

    And there's me, too young to remember myself, naked except for a hand-knit cardigan, crumbs or dirt on my face—it's hard to tell. I'm gazing earnestly into the camera. Staring up from a past turned to myth by memory and this word, "hippie," which apparently encompasses my childhood.

    Sometimes when I introduce myself as Zoë, people ask,"Are your parents Greek?" And so I say, "No, they were hippies." I don't tell them the name presented itself to my parents during a particularly stellar acid trip. That would feed too much into expectation. Nevertheless, everyone gets an instant picture in their head. They are, of course, no closer to knowing the people in those snapshots.

    When I go back to the island I try to imagine what my parents would have seen the day they moved there. What were their thoughts as they rumbled over potholes along the dusty gravel road? Blue-gray speckled rocks, driftwood and ocean on one side and on the other, merciless blackberry bushes guarding tall evergreens that stop just before the ceiling of the world. The forest interrupted here and there by clearings with small wooden homes.

It was late May, 1970. My parents had successfully crossed the border having declared their intention to emigrate, and had driven all day, anxious to reach the island. My mom was seven months pregnant with me, her first of two children. They were traveling in a GM panel truck, lovingly altered with a blowtorch to create Plexiglas skylights in the ceiling. They had asked a friend to install the windows right above where their heads rested on the sleeping platform. Underneath the platform lay all their worldly possessions.

    The sun would be sinking low. Their truck would have just been transported from the ferry to the island by a Jaws of Life crane, with their dog barking on the passenger seat: The ferry didn't yet have a ramp that could support vehicles. They would be tired and eager to get to Sue's house, a drop-in mostly for American folks who had heard about Sointula and wanted to check it out. Did my father question the sanity of this venture? Did my mother wish for even a moment that she'd kept her job at the telephone company?

    What the locals might have thought of all this activity is a book unto itself. Sointula was founded by Finnish immigrants in the late 1800s, who started a commune before communes were cool. They were sick of being used as cheap labor and decided to pool their resources and create a utopian community from the best of the communist and Marxist philosophies they had discussed back home. Sointula suffered many birthing pains but finally flourished in its small-town, island-unto-itself way. Although the utopian dream eventually fell by the wayside, it has never been entirely forgotten.

    Then, along come these trippy hippie types to start a new way of living. The American hippies were mostly city folks and had no idea how to relate to the locals or even that they should. There were lots of Canadian alternative types all over doing the same thing and they undoubtedly had mixed reactions to these Americans coming in and taking over just by the sheer decibel of their enthusiasm.

    Sue was Finnish, but had been raised in California. That afternoon when my parents turned into the gravel drive at her place, the first thing they saw was Sue's cedar-shake homestead to their right. Eight wide steps led up to its welcoming porch, big enough to comfortably seat the three or four folks who were probably there on that evening, smoking or drinking or toking or maybe all three. Maybe one or more people were tripping on mushrooms that night or groovin' on LSD, but probably not. Probably they were just hangin' out, listening to each other fill the night air with plans and stories. The Pacific Ocean drew itself to and from the shore across the street, murmuring watery sighs to itself under their rolling notes, paying them no mind.

    It would have been just about twilight when they pulled into the drive. Twilight in Sointula will beckon your very soul. You can feel utterly alone there if you are in good company. That type of solitude is luscious. In those moments the land opens out to you and entreats you to breathe with it. Into the thousand different shapes of not-quite-round rocks on the beach, into the wild ocean and the barnacles and baby crabs. Breathe with the trees bowing and stretching into the wind. It is the kind of place that has convinced me in certain precious moments that I am no more or less marvelous than the rocks under my feet and the ocean before me.

    There was also the little sauna to their left as they drove in, catching the last of the day's light on its two square windows. It had been converted for us into ten square feet of extra living space by a carpenter staying at Sue's. My parents had already decided that I would be birthed at home on the island. They had been researching the process for months. Sue was all for it too and had found lots of information. Even so, they probably didn't think as they drove up that day and passed by the little sauna, "That's where we'll have our first child and she'll be born with the sound of the ocean in her ears." Probably they gave Sue a hug and made a beeline for the outhouse around back. Dad had met Sue and her husband, Seth, at the University of California at Davis three years earlier. My parents spent a lot of time with them there, putting together seed orders and supplies to use in Sointula. They spent hours discussing political notions and the whole idea of having an open communal household, supporting draft dodgers and wanderers and the like. My parents were going to look after Seth and Sue's house and property for them while they spent a year in Hong Kong. Seth was working on his master's in Chinese philosophy.

    The whole atmosphere around their place at that time felt radical and exciting. People were living out their ideals and dreams of a fleer, more open life. A Vietnam medic who went AWOL after returning to the States came and stayed for a while. A black man who was all fun and play passed through. He was on the run from some Black Panther caper that we never really did find out about.

    In the midst of all this, my parents moved into the sauna and made it their home. As summer wore on and Mom's due date got closer, a lot of people asked if they could help or just be there. In this manner the unofficial guest list grew, and grew.

    My mom's parents were excited about the birth but knew nothing of the "home" part. My mom thought it best to spare them the anxiety and decided not to mention it. She suggested that they come a week or two after the due date. "By then," she said, "things will have calmed down a little and we can all have a nice visit."

    I was due in June but like any well-grounded hippie child, I decided that I'd come on out whenever I was ready. Although I did not arrive in June, my grandparents did, along with my mother's sister from New York. My grandmother took one quick look around that room and knew. The eye drops and gauze, the Whole Earth Catalog earmarked in the birth section, the basic guide for midwives open on the kitchen table, the piles of fresh linen and buckets for extra water, all in a ten-by-ten space, were pretty much dead giveaways. My mom told my grandma that she'd understand if they wanted to leave and come back when the whole thing was over. My grandmother looked at her like now she truly had lost her mind and said they would be staying.

    She took my grandfather for a walk and said, "They're going to have that baby at home you know." To which my grandfather replied, "No they're not," as though the simple force of his words could bring modern medical care to the island. He essentially remained in denial right up until my mother was fully dilated.

    There were about fifty people there on the night I was born. There was plenty of home-brewed liquor on hand, undoubtedly there was music, a guitar or two and maybe even a banjo or a jew's-harp, and lots of potato salad. To this day everyone mentions the potato salad. Those homegrown potatoes are hard to beat.

    My dad delivered me. My grandmother coached him. When Mom's afterbirth didn't come out right away, Dad was afraid to push her belly too hard and hurt her. My grandmother told him he bloody well better, and he did. All of us survived.

    The AWOL medic was on hand that night, and he, along with several of my parents' friends, provided the invaluable service of ensuring that my grandfather got pie-eyed during the course of the affair. My grandfather was an operatic bass and I like to think he was singing drunken arias with the bluegrass band when I emerged.

    Later, that sauna became a chicken shed; Sue and her partner built a new house higher up on the property; and the old homestead is used for storage now. It is so much smaller than I remember. Mold is beginning to creep up the walls but it still feels warm to me.

    The sauna is gray and hollow, abandoned even by the chickens. I return the odd time just to stand there and look and try to see it as something other than Sue's chicken coop. The sun still filters in through those tiny windows and gaps in time in a way that whispers of a past I don't remember. Maybe one day somebody will decide that the whole area is an historical hippie site and they'll put a plaque on it: Sauna, Dwelling, Birthing Room, 20th Cent. (Actually, nailing a plaque onto that unassuming little structure would knock it down.)

    Growing up in Sointula was in many ways grand. There were no locked doors and I had the whole forest, beach and ocean for a playground. There is a glimmer of peace inside me that comes from growing up in that place. My memory of Sointula goes beyond anything conscious to my salty core, which will always be grateful for having been born with the sound of the ocean in my ears. If nothing makes sense, I can look out over that vast body of water, and things won't necessarily make any more sense. But that's okay, because there I am with the whole Pacific Ocean at my feet.

Meet the Author

Chelsea Cain is the New York Times bestselling author of Evil at Heart, Sweetheart, and Heartsick. Both Heartsick and Sweetheart were listed in Stephen King’s Top Ten Books of the Year in Entertainment Weekly. Chelsea lived the first few years of her life on an Iowa commune, then grew up in Bellingham, WA, where the infamous Green River killer was “the boogieman” of her youth. The true story of the Green River killer’s capture was the inspiration for the story of Gretchen and Archie.

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