Yes We Did?: From King's Dream to Obama's Promise

Yes We Did?: From King's Dream to Obama's Promise


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Barack Obama's presidential victory demonstrated unprecedented racial progress on a national level. Not since the civil rights legislation of the 1960s has the United States seen such remarkable advances. During Obama's historic campaign, however, prominent African Americans voiced concern about his candidacy, demonstrating a divided agenda among black political leaders. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. changed perceptions about the nature of African American leadership.

In Yes We Did?, Cynthia Fleming examines the expansion of black leadership from grassroots to the national arena, beginning with Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois and progressing through contemporary leaders including Harold Ford Jr., Louis Farrakhan, Jesse Jackson Jr., and Barack Obama. She emphasizes socioeconomic status, female black leadership, media influence, black conservatism, and generational conflict. Fleming had unprecedented access to a wide range of activists, including Carol Mosley Braun, Al Sharpton, and John Hope Franklin. She deftly maps the history of black leadership in America, illuminating both lingering disadvantages and obstacles that developed after the civil rights movement.

Among those interviewed were community activists and scholars, as well as former freedom riders, sit-in activists, and others who were intimately involved in the civil rights struggle and close to Dr. King. Their personal accounts reflect the diverse viewpoints of the black community and offer a new understanding of the history of African American leadership, its current status, and its uncertain future.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813141060
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Publication date: 08/01/2012
Pages: 336
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Cynthia Griggs Fleming, professor of history at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, is the author of Soon We Will Not Cry: The Liberation of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson and In the Shadow of Selma: The Continuing Struggle for Civil Rights in the Rural South.

Table of Contents

List of Participants xi

Foreword xvii

Acknowledgments xxi

Prologue 1

1 Yes We Can 7

2 Black Leadership in Historical Perspective 23

3 After King, Where Do We Go from Here? 49

4 The Media and the Message 69

5 From Protest to Inclusion 97

6 The Continuing Challenge of Black Economic Underdevelopment 137

7 Black Culture Then and Now 163

8 Black Community and Black Identity 189

9 A Crisis of Victory 207

Epilogue 227

Notes 243

Bibliographic Essay 261

Index 265

Photographs follow page 122

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