Digital Barbarism: A Writer's Manifesto


Mark Helprin anticipated thathis 2007 New York Times op-edpiece about the extension of theterm of copyright would be receivedquietly. instead, within a week, thearticle had generated 750,000angry comments. shocked by hisyoung critics’ breathtaking senseof entitlement and appalled by thebreadth, speed, and illogic of theirarguments, Helprin realized howdrastically different this generationwas from those before it. theCreative Commons movement andthe copyright abolitionists havebeen educated with a modern ...

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Mark Helprin anticipated thathis 2007 New York Times op-edpiece about the extension of theterm of copyright would be receivedquietly. instead, within a week, thearticle had generated 750,000angry comments. shocked by hisyoung critics’ breathtaking senseof entitlement and appalled by thebreadth, speed, and illogic of theirarguments, Helprin realized howdrastically different this generationwas from those before it. theCreative Commons movement andthe copyright abolitionists havebeen educated with a modern biastoward collaboration, which hasled them to denigrate individualefforts. Digital Barbarism is Helprin’scogent, powerful, and passionateresponse to those whose selfishdesire to “stick it” to the “greedy”corporate interests controlling thedistribution of intellectual propertyundermines not just the possibilityof an independent literary culturebut threatens the future of civilizationitself.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly

Noted novelist and journalist Helprin (Winter's Tale) wrote an op-ed in the New York Times in 2007 arguing for an extension of the term of copyright. In response, he received 750,000 caustic, often vulgar e-mails from those he calls the anticopyright movement-a mostly vague cabal led, apparently, by law professor Lawrence Lessig, and whose house organ is the "Chronicle of [Supposedly] Higher Education." Now Helprin gets his revenge with a splenetic riposte that veers from a passionate defense of authors' rights and the power of the individual voice to a misanthropic attack on a debased America populated by "Slurpee-sucking geeks," "beer-drinking dufuses" and "mouth-breathing morons in backwards baseball caps and pants that fall down." We're treated to his views on everything from tax policy and airport security to the self-regard of academic literary critics. Drowning in this ocean of bile is a defense of authors' right to control their work and defend its integrity against appropriation and distortion by others, and an examination of the historical and legal basis of copyright offered in elegant prose and with a rapier-sharp wit. But Helprin's pugnacity may repel even those who agree that copyright is a "bulwark of civilization." (May)

Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Library Journal

In 2007, novelist Helprin (Winter's Tale) published an op-ed piece in the New York Times in which he argued for extension of the term of copyright. He didn't anticipate a reaction but was rapidly proved wrong: within a week, 750,000 people responded online, mostly negatively (and most anonymously). This book is his response to his detractors, presented in the larger context of concern over what Helprin characterizes as the increasing tendency today to "run in packs." In a provocative polemic, Helprin, a senior fellow at the ultraconservative Claremont Institute, champions individualism over mobthink and reflection against reactionism. But through most of the book, he presents his case in an irritating mixture of reasoned argument and ill-tempered invective, consistently ascribing the lowest motives and worst qualities to those with whom he disagrees. (In one paragraph, the words vicious, insane, Nazism, hostility, envy, and fetid appear.) These rants cheapen his argument, but Barbarism is that rare crank book that deserves an audience. It will lead the reader to reflect on a subject-copyright reform-that is more important than it may appear at first glance.
—David Keymer

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780061733123
  • Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
  • Publication date: 11/23/2010
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 231
  • Sales rank: 1,103,845
  • Product dimensions: 5.20 (w) x 7.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Helprin

Mark Helprin was educated at Harvard, Princeton, and Oxford and served in the Israeli Army, Israeli Air Force, and British Merchant Navy. He is the author of, among other titles, A Dove of the East and Other Stories, Refiner’s Fire, Winter’s Tale, and A Soldier of the Great War. He lives in Virginia.


Mark Helprin, a novelist, is a contributing editor of The Wall Street Journal. He is also a senior fellow of the Claremont Institute and a fellow of the American Academy in Rome. In 1996 he served as a foreign policy adviser to presidential candidate Bob Dole.

His books include A Dove of the East & Other Stories, Refiner's Fire, Ellis Island & Other Stories, Winter's Tale, Swan Lake, A Soldier of the Great War, Memoir From Antproof Case, A City in Winter, and The Veil of Snows.

Mr. Helprin was raised on the Hudson and in the British West Indies. He has degrees from Harvard College and Harvard's Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Author biography from The Wall Street Journal.

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    1. Hometown:
      Upstate New York
    1. Date of Birth:
      June 28, 1947
    2. Place of Birth:
      New York, New York
    1. Education:
      A.B., Harvard University, 1969; A.M., 1972. Postgraduate study at Oxford University, 1976-77.

Read an Excerpt

Digital Barbarism
A Writer's Manifesto

Chapter One

The Acceleration of Tranquility

Civilization and Velocity

History is in motion as never before, and those moving with it are so caught up that they do not always see its broad outlines. Like soldiers in a rout, they seek objectives that will ruin them rather than the principles that may save them. Who are these soldiers? They are all of us. And what are the principles? If you search the past, hindsight makes them easy to see, but in the brightness of the present they are almost invisible. Still, it is possible to catch a fleeting glimpse of them, even if only as alterations in contrast.

In that spirit, consider the two paradigms that follow, not as you would two debaters, but rather two paintings hanging at opposite ends of a gallery. You are in the middle, bathed in natural light, forced by circumstance to judge their color and attraction.


August 2028, California

You are a director of a small firm that supplies algorithms for the detection of damage in and the restoration of molecular memories in organic computation. Previously, you specialized in repairing the cosmic ray degradation of atomic lattices in gallium arsenide nanorobotics, but the greater promise of organic replication and the lure of photon interlinking led you in a new direction.

You raised $2 billion, most of which was devoted to the purchase of computers and laser armature looms for the growth and manipulation of organic compounds. Though your entire company is housed in a single 40,000-square-foot facility and has only ninety employees, it records assets of $9billion and annual revenues of $32 billion.

All transactions are accomplished through data links—licensing, sales, billing, remittances, collections, investments. A customer can make a purchase, receive your product, and pay you as fast as he can speak orders to his computer. As the algorithms begin immediately to work for him, the money you've earned begins immediately to work for you, in, perhaps, Czech dormitory bonds that compound interest hourly. You go to your headquarters mainly for picnics, and otherwise work at home, as does your wife, who is a partner in a law firm in Chicago, where she has never been. In her study and in yours are floor-to-ceiling screens that produce three-dimensional images so vivid they appear real. Your best friend has grown rich writing the software that serves as your secretary. The preparation of documents is done by voice in another program, and the secretary concentrates instead on planning, accounting, arranging your schedule, and screening what used to be called calls but are now more or less apparitions.

You instruct the secretary to allow your wife's apparition to override all others. She is at a beach in Alaska (it is a bit warmer now), where you will shortly join her. Recently, you and she have quarreled. In virtual sex, in which you both wear corneal lenses that create a perfect illusion of whomever you might want, she discovered that you were entertaining not a commercial prostitutional apparition but an old girlfriend. Hence her early departure for the Aleutians.

But this is August, the season of vacations, and you and she are bound to make up. You will take a twenty-minute suborbital flight to Alaska, where you will spend several days at the beach in a primitive resort with no screens. Still, you have a backup of e-mail despite a recent tightening of your rejection protocols and a new investment in automated—reply software, the chief disadvantage of which is that, when in conversation with other automated-reply software, it tends to get overly enthusiastic. You were dismayed lately when you discovered that it and another ARS were building a golf course in Zimbabwe, but there is software for controlling it, and software for controlling the software that controls this, and so on and so forth.

Though seventy-five messages remain, you must catch your plane, so you instruct your screen to send them to your notebook. You'll take levels one and two coded personal apparitions as well, in the air and even on the winding track that leads to the resort. As you wait in San Francisco International Airport (having floated there in the Chuck Schumer Memorial Gas Blimp) you read in your notebook. There are no bookstores, and there are no books, but in the slim leather-bound portfolio is an uplink that gives you access to everything ever published or logged, and in any format, including the old Google formats prevalent before the government took control of all information during the celebrity crisis. You can call for a dual-language text of Marcus Aurelius, or the latest paper in Malay on particle acceleration. Your reading can be interrupted by the appearance of a friend in your portfolio, a look at the actual weather in Amchitka, a film clip of Lyndon Johnson's inaugural, or, for that matter, anything, summoned by voice, available instantaneously, and billed to your central account.

"Go to my files," you might say as you sit in the airport, "and get everything I've said in the last five years about Descartes. I made a remark with a metaphor about the law, co-ordinates, and virtual prisons. When you get it, put it on the screen in blue. Take a letter to Schultz, and file a copy at home and with the office."

But as you issue, you must also receive, and it never stops. Though the screen of your portfolio is electronically textured to feel like paper and is as buff or white as flax or cotton, you miss the days of your father, when one could hold the paper in one's hands, and things were a little slower. But you can't go back, you can't fall behind, you can't pass up an opportunity, and if you don't respond quickly at all times, someone else will beat you to it, even if you have no idea what it is.

Digital Barbarism
A Writer's Manifesto
. Copyright © by Mark Helprin. Reprinted by permission of HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved. Available now wherever books are sold.
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Table of Contents

Preface xi

1 The Acceleration of Tranquility: Civilization and Velocity 1

2 Death on a Red Horse: The First Targets of the Barbarians Are Copyright and the Individual Voice 21

3 Notes on Virginia: Reclaiming Jefferson and Taking Care of Macaulay 101

4 The Espresso Book Machine: Using Machines to Hold Machines in Check 142

5 Property as a Coefficient of Liberty: Property is Not Antithetical to Virtue 165

6 Convergence: Wait as Long as You Want, It Will Not Come 182

7 Parthian Shot: Calling Barbarism for What It Is 200

Notes 219

Index 225

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