Scrutinizing Science: Empirical Studies of Scientific Change

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Reprint of the Kluwer Academic Publishers edition originally published in 1988. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401077842
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Series: Synthese Library Series, #193
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1988
  • Pages: 382
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.82 (d)

Table of Contents

I.- Testing Theories of Scientific Change.- 1. Preface.- 2. Theories of Scientific Change: A Call for Testing.- 3. A Program for Testing.- 3.1 Formulating Testable Theses.- 3.2 Designing the Test.- 4. Findings.- 4.1. The Prevailing Wisdom about Guiding Assumptions.- 4.2. Theses about Guiding Assumptions.- 4.3. Findings about Guiding Assumptions.- 4.3.1. How They Come to be Accepted.- 4.3.2. The Impact of Empirical Difficulties.- 4.3.3. Innovation and Revolution.- 4.3.4. Summary.- 4.4. The Prevailing Wisdom about Scientific Theories.- 4.5. Theses about Theories.- 4.6. Findings about Scientific Theories.- 4.6.1. Inter-Theory Relations.- 4.6.2. Theory Appraisal.- 4.6.3.Summary.- 5. Conclusion.- Notes.- References.- II: Case Studies.- 1. 17Th-Century Mechanics.- Galileo’s Copernicanism and the Acceptability of Guiding Assumptions.- Newton’s Rejection of the Mechanical AEther: Empirical Difficulties and Guiding Assumptions.- The Vortex Theory of Motion, 1687–1713: Empirical Difficulties and Guiding Assumptions.- 2. Chemistry from the 18th to the 20th Centuries.- The Chemical Revolution: Shifts in Guiding Assumptions.- Molecular Geometry in 19th-century France: Shifts in Guiding Assumptions.- Kekulé’s Benzene Theory and the Appraisal of Scientific Theories.- Fermentation Theory: Empirical Difficulties and Guiding Assumptions.- The Polywater Episode and the Appraisal of Theories.- 3. 19Th-Century Physics.- Ampère’s Electrodynamics and the Acceptability of Guiding Assumptions.- Brownian Motion and the Appraisal of Theories.- The Michelson — Morley Experiment and the Appraisal of Theories.- 4. Recent Geological Theory.- Plate Tectonics and Inter-Theory Relations.- The Theory of an Expanding Earth and the Acceptability of Guiding Assumptions.- 5. 20th-Century Physics.- Planck’s Quantum Crisis and Shifts in Guiding Assumptions.- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and the Acceptability of Guiding Assumptions.- Electroweak Unification and the Appraisal of Theories.- Index of Thesis Citations and.
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