Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Challenges and Solutions / Edition 1

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As interest in the public health challenge of youth inactivity increases, the ambitious Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior sets a standard for addressing a problem with worldwide implications. Drawing on the contributions of a diverse group of international experts, this reference challenges professionals, researchers, and students to implement new solutions and further their research and work.

No other text addresses the causes, contributing factors, and fundamental issues in dealing with youth physical activity with such depth or comprehensive coverage. Using a multidisciplinary approach, Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior breaks away from traditional thinking that places activity and sedentary behavior on a single continuum, which may limit progress in addressing youth inactivity. Instead, the authors encourage readers to focus on how sedentary and physically active behaviors coexist and consider how the two behaviors may have different determinants. In doing so, the text also considers developmental features such as maturation, ethnicity, environment, and genetics across both childhood (through age 12) and adolescence (the teen years). By looking at a variety of psychosocial and epidemiological factors, the authors set the stage for a critical analysis of beliefs and views at a time when many assumptions are taken for granted.

This book is organized in three parts that build on one another to deepen readers' understanding of this complex problem. This text begins by addressing the fundamental issues and assumptions pertaining to youth physical activity and sedentary behavior, covering such topics as measurement of the behavior in question, health outcomes, concepts, and trends in a public health context. Once readers have grasped this foundational knowledge, they advance to part II for a comprehensive account of personal factors likely to be associated with the problem. Part III moves beyond the individual into the wider social and contextual aspects of physically active and sedentary living in young people. Through this concluding part, readers gain the latest thinking on how parents, peers, schools, organized sport, and related factors link to youth physical activity and sedentary behavior.

Each chapter presents the latest theory and research, real-world approaches to implementation, and background information to encourage discussion and future directions in national policy making. Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior also contains the following features that add to an unprecedented learning experience:

-An at-a-glance look at why and how research can be used in the real world helps researchers relate their work to overall solutions.

-Coverage of more issues related to this subject than are available in any other reference makes this a one-stop resource.

-Internationally respected foreword writer, editors, and contributors provide a cross-disciplinary perspective valuable for putting solutions into a wider context.

-Applications for Professionals boxes and Applications for Researchers boxes at the end of each chapter provide practical suggestions for implementing solutions.
Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Challenges and Solutions considers current research about youth physical activity and sedentary behavior across a range of personal factors as well as cultural and social influences. The text communicates the knowledge base on developmental, economic, psychological, and social factors related to youth physical activity and sedentary behavior and provides an overview of youth-specific approaches to addressing the problem of inactivity among youth.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Amanda Jackson, MD (Ochsner Clinic Foundation)
Description: This book addresses the national healthcare crisis of childhood obesity in terms of physical activity. It discusses individual and social barriers to physical activity and methods to combat these barriers.
Purpose: The authors pose three questions about changes in youth physical activity: how does this happen with age, does it matter, and what can be done about it? These are timely and appropriate questions.
Audience: The audience includes any professional involved in the physical care, nutritional care, or education of children.
Features: The first of the book's three sections discusses the concepts of physical activity and sedentary behavior. The second part addresses the individual factors that can play a role in activity. The last section reviews the social and environmental impact on physical activity. The book has a significant interest in promoting youth physical activity despite numerous barriers in present day society.
Assessment: This is a very thought-provoking book, considering the current state of childhood obesity in this country. It addresses the major problem in our culture of inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736065092
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 7/24/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Alan L. Smith, PhD, is associate professor of health and kinesiology at Purdue University. He is recognized internationally for his research in developmental sport and exercise psychology, serves as associate editor of the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, and is a consulting editor of Child Development. He is a fellow of the Research Consortium of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance and is a past chair of the Sport Psychology Academy of the National Association for Sport and Physical Education. He earned his PhD in exercise and movement science from the University of Oregon.

Stuart J. H. Biddle, PhD, is professor of exercise and sport psychology at Loughborough University. A recognized leader in the field of physical activity and health for young people, he has worked in the area for nearly 30 years. He is coauthor of the first textbook on exercise psychology and has delivered keynotes and other lectures in more than 20 countries. Dr. Biddle is past president of the European Federation for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity and was academic cochair of the Young and Active Project leading to national guidelines for physical activity for young people in the United Kingdom. He earned his PhD in psychology from Keele University.

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Table of Contents

Part I. Conceptualization of Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Chapter 1. Definitions and Measurement
Simon J. Marshall and Gregory J. Welk
Understanding Physical Activity and Inactivity
Understanding Active and Sedentary Behavior in Youth
Recommended Levels of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Measuring Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Chapter 2. Youth Health Outcomes
David J. Stensel, Trish Gorely, and Stuart J.H. Biddle
Overweight and Obesity
Type 2 Diabetes
Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Skeletal Health
Mental Health

Chapter 3. A Sociohistorical Analysis of U.S. Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Mary McElroy
Early 20th Century Views of Children's Health
The First Weight Crisis and American Youth
The Intractability of Youth Obesity
The Growth of the Media Generation
Challenges Facing Contemporary Families
Lessons Learned From the Past for the Future

Chapter 4. Conceptual Perspectives
Claudio R. Nigg and Raheem J. Paxton
Necessity and Status of Theory
A Review of Theory-Based Interventions
Critical Evaluation of Applied Theory
Improving Our Theoretical Understanding

Chapter 5. “Couch Potatoes” and “Wind-Up Dolls”? A Critical Assessment of the Ethics of Youth Physical Activity Research
Michael Gard
Couch Potatoes?
Wind-Up Dolls?
Some Alternatives

Part II. Developmental and Psychological Factors in Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior
Chapter 6. Biocultural Factors in Developing Physical Activity Levels
Robert M. Malina
A Biocultural Perspective
Factors Related to Physical Activity Levels
Activity Levels, Fitness, and Sport

Chapter 7. Youth Attitudes
Martin S. Hagger and Nikos L.D. Chatzisarantis
Attitudes in Social Science Research
Modifications of the Theory of Planned Behavior
Individual Differences in the Theory of Planned Behavior
Recommended Interventions Derived From the TPB
Chapter 8. Motivational Characteristics
Stuart J.H. Biddle, Darren C. Treasure, and C.K. John Wang
Descriptive Approaches
Framework for Theoretical Perspectives
Suggestions for Action

Chapter 9. The Role of the Self
Peter R.E. Crocker, Kent C. Kowalski, and Valerie Hadd
General Conceptions of the Self
The Physical Self
The Self and Physical Activity

Chapter 10. Youth With Movement Difficulties
Janice Causgrove Dunn and Donna L. Goodwin
Importance of Physical Activity for This Population
Theoretically Based Predictions and Research Findings
Environmental Issues
Intervention Research
Recommendations for Future Research

Part III. Social and Contextual Factors in Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior

Chapter 11. The Family
Brian E. Saelens and Jacqueline Kerr
Types of Familial Influence
Correlational Studies of Familial Influences
Studies of Other Family Factors
Intervention Studies
Conclusions and Recommendations for Research

Chapter 12. Peers
Alan L. Smith and Meghan H. McDonough
Basic Concepts in Peer-Related Research
Peer Research
Promising Future Research Directions

Chapter 13. Physical Activity Levels During the School Day
Gareth Stratton, Stuart J. Fairclough, and Nicola D. Ridgers
Active Transportation
Physical Education

Chapter 14. Organized Sport and Physical Activity Promotion
Robert J. Brustad, Runar Vilhjalmsson, and Antonio Manuel Fonseca
Organized Sport Participation and Children's Well-Being
Youth Sport Value Structures
Theoretical Perspectives
Developmental and Motivational Considerations
Gender and Socioeconomic Influences
Programming to Facilitate Lifelong Physical Activity

Chapter 15. Community Out-of-School Physical Activity Promotion
David A. Dzewaltowski
After-School Programs in the United States
The Organized Community Opportunities Model
Research Based on the Organized Community Model
Conclusions and Future Directions

Chapter 16. Living Environments
Jo Salmon, John C. Spence, Anna Timperio, and Nicoleta Cutumisu
Conceptual and Theoretical Perspectives
The Home Environment
The Neighborhood Environment
Implications for Research and Practice

Chapter 17. Economic Principles
Chad D. Meyerhoefer
Individual Choices and the Market Economy
Market Failures
Policy Solutions
The Field in Perspective

Chapter 18. Culturally Appropriate Research and Interventions
Suzanna M. Martinez, Elva M. Arredondo, Guadalupe X. Ayala, and John P. Elder
Physical Inactivity in Immigrant and Ethnic Minority Populations
Adapting Models and Theories
Unique Contextual Factors
Culturally Appropriate Interventions

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