Here are the secret strategy sessions, fierce debates, looming assassinations, and planned invasions that resulted in history’s first use of nuclear weapons in combat, and the ensuing chaotic days as the Japanese government struggled to respond to the reality of nuclear war.
During the closing months of World War II, as America’s strategic bombing campaign incinerated Japan’s cities, two military giants locked in a death embrace of cultural differences and diplomatic intransigence. The leaders of the United States called for the “unconditional surrender” of the Japanese Empire while developing history’s deadliest weapon and weighing an invasion, Downfall, that would have dwarfed D-Day. Their enemy responded with a last-ditch plan termed Ketsu-Go, which called for the suicidal resistance of every able-bodied man and woman in “The Decisive Battle” for the homeland.
But had Emperor Hirohito’s generals miscalculated how far the Americans had come in developing the atomic bomb? How close did President Harry Truman come to ordering the invasion of Japan?
Within the Japanese Supreme Council at the Direction of War, a.k.a. “The Big Six,” Foreign Minister Shigenori Tōgō risked assassination in his crusade to convince his dysfunctional government, dominated by militarist fanatics, to save his country from annihilation.
Despite Allied warnings of Japan’s “prompt and utter destruction” and that the Allies would “brook no delay,” the Big Six remained defiant. They refused to surrender even after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
How did Japanese leaders come to this impasse? The answers lie in this nearly day-by-day account of the struggle to end the most destructive conflict in history.
|Product dimensions:||9.10(w) x 6.20(h) x 1.20(d)|
About the Author
Table of Contents
Author's Note ix
1 Tokyo Burn Job 1
2 A Third Prime Minister in Less Than a Year 12
3 A New President Gets Up to Speed 28
4 Planning for the Invasion of Japan 51
5 Ketsu-Go, "The Decisive Operation" 90
6 Potsdam Declaration, A Missed Opportunity 103
7 The Final Countdown Begins 129
8 Hiroshima 155
9 A Shift of Power, The First Imperial Intervention 174
10 The Second Imperial Intervention 210
11 A Failed Coup d'État and Surrender 248
Epilogue: Traditionalists and Revisionists 271
Map of Operation Downfall, The Proposed Invasion of Japan 291
About the Author 353