In A Comparative Analysis of Cicero and Aquinas, Charles P. Nemeth investigates how, despite their differences, these two figures may be the most compatible brothers in ideas ever conceived in the theory of natural law. Looking to find common threads that run between the philosophies of these two great thinkers of the Classical and Medieval periods, this book aims to determine whether or not there exists a common ground whereby ethical debates and dilemmas can be evaluated. Does comparison between Cicero and Aquinas offer a new pathway for moral measure, based on defined and developed principles? Do they deliver certain moral and ethical principles for human life to which each agree? Instead of a polemical diatribe, comparison between Cicero and Aquinas may edify a method of compromise and afford a more or less restrictive series of judgements about ethical quandaries.
About the Author
Charles P. Nemeth is Professor and Department Chair of Legal Studies, City University of New York, USA.
Table of Contents
1. Background and Context: Cicero and Aquinas i. Introduction ii. The Comparative Setting iii. Biographical Sketch of Cicero iv. Biographical Sketch of St. Thomas Aquinas
2. Nature and the Natural Order in Cicero and Aquinas i. Introduction ii. Nature as Truth, Science and the Natural Order iii. Comparative Conclusion: Cicero and Aquinas: Nature and Natural Order
3. Cicero and Aquinas: Nature and Reason i. Nature and Reason ii. Cicero on Reason iii. Aquinas on Reason iv. The Compatibility of Cicero and Aquinas: Nature, Reason and Virtue
4. Cicero and Aquinas on the Natural Law i. Introduction ii. Cicero on the Natural Law iii. Aquinas on the Natural Law iv. Compatibility on the Natural Law: Cicero and Aquinas
5. Cicero and Aquinas: Compatibility and Contrast i. General Observations on Cicero and Aquinas: Nature, the Natural Order, Reason and the Natural Law ii. Whether Cicero and Aquinas Agree on the Role of Nature and the Natural Order iii. Whether Cicero and Aquinas see Nature and Reason as Essential to their Natural Law Philosophy iv. Whether the Natural Law of Cicero and Aquinas are Compatible v. Conclusion: Implications for Natural Law Reasoning