Africa: A Modern History

Africa: A Modern History

by Guy Arnold

Hardcover(Second Edition, Second edition)

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The end of World War II signaled the end of the European African empires. In 1945, four African countries were independent; by 1963, 30 African states created the Organization of African Unity. The 1960s were a time of optimism as Africans enjoyed their new independence, witnessed increases in prosperity and prepared to tackle their political and economic problems in their own way. By the 1990s, however, these high hopes had been dashed. Dictatorship by strongmen, corruption, civil wars and genocide, widespread poverty and the interventions and manipulations of the major powers had all relegated Africa to the position of an aid "basket case," the world's poorest and least-developed continent. By exploring developments over the last 15 years, including the impact of China, new IT technology and the Arab Spring, the rise of Nigeria as Africa's leading country and the recent refugee crisis, Guy Arnold brings his landmark history of modern Africa up to date and provides a fresh perspective on this misunderstood continent.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781786490360
Publisher: Atlantic Books
Publication date: 01/01/2018
Edition description: Second Edition, Second edition
Pages: 1232
Sales rank: 758,854
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.30(h) x 2.50(d)

About the Author

Guy Arnold has specialized in African and Third World Affairs for the last 50 years and is the author of a number of books on these themes. His involvement began when he created a National Youth Service for Zambia on the eve of Independence. He lectures on international affairs and has worked as a consultant for agencies involved in developing countries.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements vii

List of Illustrations viii

List of Maps x

Dateline xi

Prologue 1

Introduction 19

Part I The 1960s Decade of Hope

Chapter 1 Problems of Independence 55

Chapter 2 The Congo Crisis 77

Chapter 3 African Unity and the Formation of the OAU 95

Chapter 4 The Coup d'Etat and the One-Party State 113

Chapter 5 Problems of Development 139

Chapter 6 North Africa 169

Chapter 7 The Nigerian Civil War 189

Chapter 8 West and Equatorial Africa 215

Chapter 9 The Horn of Africa 239

Chapter 10 East Africa 257

Chapter 11 White Racism in Central Africa 285

Chapter 12 Portugal in Africa 307

Chapter 13 South Africa 329

The Decade in Retrospect 352

Part II The 1970s Decade of Realism

Chapter 14 Patterns of Development 357

Chapter 15 Four Different Development Paths 389

Chapter 16 Oil and Israel; A New International Economic Order 417

Chapter 17 The Growth of Aid 435

Chapter 18 Strategic Highways 455

Chapter 19 The Cold War Comes to The Horn 475

Chapter 20 Rhodesia 501

Chapter 21 The End of Portuguese Africa 524

Chapter 22 Namibia 546

Chapter 23 South Africa: The Critical Decade 564

The Decade in Retrospect 601

Part III The 1980s Basket Case?

Chapter 24 Introduction to the Decade: The OAU Tries to Cope 607

Chapter 25 The Arab North 625

Chapter 26 The Horn: Continuous Warfare 647

Chapter 27 West Africa: Nigeria and Ghana 665

Chapter 28 East and Equatorial Africa 691

Chapter 29 Endgame in Southern Africa 709

Chapter 30 Development Standstill 739

The Decade in Retrospect 761

Part IV The 1990s New Directions and New Perceptions

Chapter 31 The End of the Cold War 767

Chapter 22 South Africa: The Last Hero 779

Chapter 33 Democracy 799

Chapter 34 Civil Wars: Algeria, Somalia, Sudan 821

Chapter 35 Genocide and Border Confrontation 845

Chapter 36 Failed States and the Return of the Imperial Factor 863

Chapter 37 The Congo: Africa's Great War 885

Chapter 38 Mugabe's Zimbabwe 903

Chapter 39 Corruption 921

Chapter 40 Century's End: Globalization 940

Epilogue 957

Afterword to the 2017 Edition: The New Colonialism 2000-2015 971

List of Abbreviations 1021

Notes 1031

Bibliography 1050

Index 1059

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Africa: A Modern History 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
johnthefireman on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A truly monumental work, this is the history of post-colonial Africa.Arnold is very sympathetic towards Africa. He analyses variousinfluences on newly-independent African states, including the Cold War,and neo-colonialism - the unwillingness of the former colonial powersto give up economic power even though they had surrendered politicalcontrol. His analysis of the emergence of the one-party state is verygood. He is critical of the aid industry, a position I agree withwholeheartedly.He makes some errors in his treatment of Sudan, which is my ownarea of specialist expertise. On p649 he refers to the 1985 overthrowof Numayri as a "coup", whereas it is generally regarded as an intifada(popular uprising). More seriously, on p650 he attributes the 1989 coup(which was a coup) to "army officers who had been pressing for peace inthe South". This was erroneously believed by many during the first fewdays after the coup, particularly as army officers had issued anultimatum to the government shortly beforehand demanding peace in thesouth. However it quickly became clear that this was an Islamist coupby a different group of officers, deliberately intended to pre-emptmoves towards peace which resulted from the earlier ultimatum. I was inSudan during all these events and witnessed all of this first hand.Spelling mistakes such as "Rumbuk" for Rumbek (p840) and "Hegliz" forHeglig (p841) should not have passed the proof-readers. "Western aidagencies... pulled their operations..." (p841) during the infamousMemorandum of Understanding dispute in 2000 is a grossover-simplification and reproduces the propaganda of those sameagencies. In fact, as I documented at the time, only around six out offorty or so agencies actually withdrew. The section on Sudan onpp838-843 is actually one of the weakest in the whole book. It readslike a list of short facts with no real attempt at analysis.A more general criticism is that the book could have benefited froma little more editing for continuity. In many instances successiveparagraphs seem to have been researched separately and put togetherwithout regard for repetition of some facts and phrases.But for all this, it remains an excellent book.