Biotechnology offers great potential to contribute to sustainable agricultural growth, food security and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Yet there are economic and institutional constraints at national and international levels that inhibit the poor people's access to appropriate biotechnological innovations. Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries: Towards Optimizing the Benefits for the Poor addresses the major constraints. Twenty-three chapters, written by a wide range of scholars and stake-holders, provide an up-to-date analysis of agricultural biotechnology developments in Latin America, Africa and Asia. Besides the expected economic and social impacts, the challenges for an adjustment of the international research structure are discussed, with a special focus on intellectual property rights and the roles of the main research organizations. Harnessing the comparative advantages of the public and private sectors through innovative partnerships is the only way forward to optimize the benefits of biotechnology for the poor. The book will be an invaluable resource for both academics and policy-makers concerned with agricultural biotechnology in context of developing-countries.
|Edition description:||Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2000|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)|
About the Author
Anatole F. Krattiger is Executive Director of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA).
Joachim von Braun is Director of ZEF.
Table of ContentsPreface. 1. Introduction; M. Qaim, A.F. Krattiger, J. von Braun. Part I: The General Framework. Overview; E.Q. Javier. 2. Trangenic Crops Worldwide: Current Situation and Future Outlook; C. James. 3. Molecular Tools for Plat Breeding; C. Jung. 4. Managing biosafety Capacity Development: Technical and Political Aspects; A. de Kathen. Part II: Regional Outlook. Overview; U. Barwale Zehr. 5. The Situation of Agricultural Biotechnology Capacities and Exploitation in Latin America and the Caribbean; E.J. Trigo. 6. The Current and Future Situation of Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities; F. Wambugu. 7. Biotechnology Research in Rice for Asia: Priorities, Focus and Direction; M. Hossain, J. Bennett, S. Datta, Hei Leung, G. Khush. Part III: Expected Impacts. Overview; M.A. Fernández. 8. The Roles of Economic Research in the Evolution of International Agricultural Biotechnology; G. Graff, D. Zilberman, C. Yarkin. 9. Welfare Prospects of Transgenic Crops in Developing Countries; M. Qaim. 10. Institutional Issues in Biotechnology Applications: Concepts and Empirical Evidence from Kenya; M. Karembu, M. Njuguna. 11. The Role of Biotechnology for Food Consumers in Developing Countries; H.E. Bouis. 12. Biotechnology and Global Food Security: A private Sector View; W. Dannigkeit. 13. Agricultural Biotechnology and the Seed Industry: Some Implications for Food Production and Security; S. Sehgal. 14. A Danger to the World's Food: Genetic Engineeringand the Economic Interests of the Life-Science Industry; C. Then. 15. Of Terminator Genes and Developing Countries: What Are the Impacts of Appropriation Technologies on Technological Diffusion? T. Goeschl, T. Swanson. Part IV: Intellectual Property Rights. Overview; P. Pinstrup-Andersen. 16. The Economics of Intellectual Property Rights in the Agricultural Biotechnology Sector; P.W.B. Phillips, D. Stovin. 17. Intellectual Property Rights Issues and Developing Countries: A Private Sector Perspective; A. Beadle. 18. Intellectual Property Rights Challenges and International Research Collaborations in Agricultural Biotechnology; B.D. Wright. Part V: The Role of Different Players. Overview; R.W. Herdt. 19. The Role of the Private Sector in Providing Biotechnology Access to the Poor; B. Convent. 20. Bringing the Benefits of Biotechnology to the Poor: The Role of the CGIAR Centers; M.L. Morris, D. Hoisington. 21. The Role of National Agricultural Research Systems in Providing Biotechnology Access to the Poor: Grassroots for an Ivory Tower? W. Janssen, C. Falconi, J. Komen. 22. Agricultural Biotechnology and the Poor: The Role of Development Assistance Agencies; G. Horstkotte-Wesseler, D. Byerlee. 23. Conclusions; A.F. Krattiger,M. Qaim, J. von Braun. Contributing Authors. Subject Index.