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At a time when the world has been blindsided by failures of intelligence, a veteran CBS News correspondent reveals how the news media has betrayed our trust and endangered our democracy.
Tom Fenton is the senior European correspondent for CBS News. In his long journalistic experience, he has reported on everything from the fall of the Shah of Iran to the crumbling of communism in East Germany to the bombing of Israel during the first Gulf War. Today he has covered the movements of al Qaeda throughout Europe–a story he was tracking before 9/11. And in the three years since, he has come to a sobering realization: the American news media–and network TV news in particular–has abdicated its responsibility to the American people.
As Fenton points out, much of America still gets its news from the networks. But in the years leading to 9/11 the coverage of terrorism was sporadic at best, focusing on acts of terror rather than the people and movements that caused them. It was Washington's job to connect the dots, Fenton argues, but it was the news business's job to track the story and watchdog the government's vigilance–and both sides failed. "By the time of the Bush–Kerry election," Fenton writes, "for the first time, the news media had an even worse credibility gap" than the government's. Lulled into complacency by the Cold War, gutted by corporate bottom–lining bottom feeders, the news media missed the story of the century–just as they'd missed hundreds of others in the years before, from Kosovo to Chechnya. As a frequent voice in the wilderness himself–who tried unsuccessfully to interest CBS in an Osama bin Laden interview in the 1990s–Fenton charges that the news media must change its perspective from that of an entertainment–industry offshoot to that of a keeper of the public trust. And he argues that his industry must foster a new patriotic skepticism, one that will both inform the people and help Washington defend the country better.
Tom Fenton's passionate argument for change in the political sector is being embraced by readers on all sides.
Since its publication in the United States Bad News has won wide and critical acclaim from such publications as Publisher's Weekly, Washington Post, and Christian Science Monitor.
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About the Author
Thomas Fenton has been a foreign correspondent for CBS News since 1970; prior to that he worked for the Baltimore Sun, after an earlier career as an officer in the U.S. Navy. In his career with CBS he has covered nearly every major European and Middle Eastern story of the day from the 1966 Six Day War to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. He has covered hundreds of international summits, natural disasters, riots, the civil war in Northern Ireland, famine in Africa, the intifada in Palestine, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, the death of Princess Diana, the end of Communism in the Soviet Union, the collapse of the Soviet empire, and now the new American crusade against terror.
Fenton is the recipient of four Emmy Awards, a Columbia University Dupont Award, a Georgetown University Weintal Award, and numerous Overseas Press Club awards for his reporting.
Fenton and his wife have two children, both of whom have followed him into the television news business. He is currently based in London, England.
Read an Excerpt
Bad NewsThe Decline of Reporting, the Business of News, and the Danger to Us All
By Tom Fenton
HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.Copyright © 2005 Tom Fenton
All right reserved.
The News Gap
As the monitors on the wall of the CBS News London Bureau all flashed the same mesmerizing images, I stood there spellbound. The possibilities rushed through my mind. In my four decades as a journalist and foreign correspondent, I had witnessed just about everything imaginable -- from wars and revolutions to natural disasters of nearly every kind -- but I had witnessed nothing like this.
When the second airplane crashed into the second tower of the World Trade Center, I knew it was not an accident, not an incredible coincidence, but the horrifying climax of a chain of events stretching back for years.
September 11, 2001, was my moment of truth. CBS News, like most of the broadcast news industry, had been sliding blithely downhill for years; on 9/11, we finally collided with a brick wall that we should have seen coming. This moment, I knew at once, represented the failure of scores of entities -- but for me it was the failure of my own profession that cut deepest.
Television journalists scrambling to reach the top of their profession may have other priorities, but as an industry our most important job is to see what is coming down the road and to alert the public to the risks we find there. You won't find this part of our work in our contracts of employment. Today, you won't even find it preserved in our networks' codes of news standards. But I believe it shouldn't even have to be there. This public trust should be something every one of us feels in our guts. That's where we failed. I, and scores of my fellow American foreign correspondents, had been tracking stories about al Qaeda and its allies for more than a decade. But we rarely reported what we knew on network news -- because, much of the time, our bosses didn't consider such developments newsworthy.
When Islamic militants actually made news abroad, of course -- attacking Americans in Saudi Arabia, in Africa, in Yemen -- we duly reported the tragic events. But we never fully explained who was behind them, or what compelled them to blow Americans to bits. The public saw these terrorist strikes as disconnected events that occurred without warning. But we correspondents knew otherwise. For us, 9/11 was a catastrophe waiting to happen. And September 11 was not only one of our nation's darkest days: It was also the moment that Americans realized that we were suffering from a news gap -- one that had been festering for many years.
In the months that followed 9/11, CBS News and the other major American media threw all their available resources into what the White House called the "war on terror." I spent that time searching the streets and mosques of Hamburg, a haven for Muslim refugees and al Qaeda cells, to track down the story behind the story of the nineteen hijackers. I investigated an aviation school in Cologne where one of the suicide pilots took lessons. I went to Pakistan and met Taliban officials. But the networks didn't have the resources to keep this frenzy of reporting up for long, or to do the job in depth. Like NBC and ABC, CBS News had demobilized at the end of the Cold War. We were caught without the reserves we needed, and it was largely our own fault.
Consider the success/failure record of American foreign news reporting in recent decades -- a record that closely resembles our government's own performance. As a member of the American public, how many of the biggest stories were you adequately informed about ahead of time -- before they burst onto your television screens? The fall of the Shah in Iran? The fall of the Soviet Union? Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait? The meltdown of Afghanistan and the rise of Osama bin Laden? The catastrophe of the 9/11 attacks? None of these major events happened without a lead-up or clues to their arrival. They were years in the making. Yet to most Americans these events came from out of nowhere.
How is it that the most advanced communications society in the history of the world consistently blinds itself to the germination of epochal events abroad, even as time after time they have come home with devastating effect on our own soil?
Along with the horror and vulnerability felt by all Americans on September 11, serious journalists should also have felt that the disaster spoke directly to them. In short, they should have felt pangs of guilt. As surely as 9/11 pointed up the myriad failures of official agencies in Washington, it also revealed the abject failure of the news media.
We had failed to warn the American public of the storm clouds approaching our shores. And in failing to do so, we betrayed the trust of the public.
"The summer of 2001," says Tom Bettag, executive editor of ABC's Nightline, "was the lowest point in American journalism." During those months -- a time when at least some members of the Bush administration were considering taking action against al Qaeda -- the networks decided that the public was more interested in shark attacks than terrorist attacks. In the three months leading up to September 11, the phrase "al Qaeda" was never mentioned on any of the three evening news broadcasts -- not once.
Instead, for example, on the eve of 9/11, here is what the CBS Evening News offered: a report on the sexual exploitation of young people; a story with eye-catching video on dangerous aerial stunts by military pilots; another story with in-your-face video, this one featuring a Sacramento serial killer; a piece on declining consumer spending; and two health stories -- one of them about dietary supplements. In short, on the eve of our Armageddon, the evening news was a mirror image of a nation eager for titillation and fascinated with its own navel ...
Excerpted from Bad News by Tom Fenton Copyright © 2005 by Tom Fenton. Excerpted by permission.
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