Battle of the Atlantic

Battle of the Atlantic


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This is the first volume chronologically, but the second in order of publication, of Captain Morison's "shooting history." The first to be published was Volume II, Operations in North African Waters, October 1942-June 1943, of which Fletcher Pratt wrote in the New York Sun, "If the remaining volumes are up to the level of this one, it will stand not only as the most complete, but also the most readable work of its kind ever published."

The present book deals with the defense of our own shores and ships. It describes the gradual emergence of the Navy from the neutrality patrol and Western Hemisphere defense, through the "short-of-war" phases to full-fledged war with Germany and Italy. Much of it is devoted to the history of transatlantic, coastal, Russian, Caribbean and Brazilian convoys, and to the war on the U-boats. There are chapters on the fearful ordeal of the North Russian run, on the experiences of lonely merchantmen with Naval Armed Guards, on operations off the coast of Brazil, and on auxiliary efforts such as the Coastal Picket Patrol by sailing yachts (the "Hooligans"), the Mystery Ships, and the Civil Air Patrol.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780316583015
Publisher: Little, Brown and Company
Publication date: 01/30/1947
Series: History of the United States Naval Operations in World War II Ser. , #1
Pages: 434
Sales rank: 543,318
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.21(d)
Age Range: 13 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction, The United States Navy Between World Warsxxxiii
1.International Limitation of Naval Armamentsxxxv
2.Pacifist Propagandaxli
3.The "Billy Mitchell" Crusadexlv
4.Development of Fleet Aviationxlix
5.Development of Amphibious Warfareliii
6.General Progresslvi
7.Comparison of Naval Strengthlx
Abbreviations Used in Text2
IThe Naval Antagonists, 1939-19403
1.The Nazi Navy and Naval Policy3
2.The Royal Navies11
3.The Neutrality Patrol of the Atlantic Squadron13
IITransatlantic Convoys under Anglo-Canadian Escort, September 1939-December 194017
1.Convoy Definitions17
2.The Transatlantic Convoys19
3.Effect of the Fall of France, June 194022
III"Short of War" Policy, June 1940-March 194127
1.The "Two-Ocean Navy"27
2.Martinique and Neutrality Patrol30
3.The Destroyer-Naval Base Deal with Britain33
5.Staff Conversations and Basic Strategic Decisions, August 1940-March 194138
a.Admiral Stark and Exploratory Conversations
b.The Basic Strategic Concept of the War
6.Transatlantic Escort Plans and the Support Force48
IV"Short of War" Operations, March-August 194156
1.British Transatlantic Convoys, March-May 194156
2.Greenland and Western Hemisphere Defense58
3.The Crisis of Midsummer, 194164
a.Unlimited National Emergency
b.The Escort-building Program
c.Azores or Iceland?
d.Casco and Argentia
e.The Atlantic Conference
VThe United States Navy Joins Battle, September-December 194174
1.From Patrol to Escort Duty74
a.Occupation of Iceland; Operation Plans of July
b.Attack on U.S.S. Greer; de Facto War Begins
c.Atlantic Patrol
d.Navy Begins Escort Duty
2.First Blood for the Nazis92
a.Attack on Convoy SC-48; U.S.S. Kearny
b.Sinking of U.S.S. Reuben James; Winter Escort Duty
3.Convoy Procedure and Early Lessons99
c.The Fueling Problem
4.The First American Convoy to the Orient, WS-12X109
VIThe German Submarine Offensive of 1942, January-July 1942114
1.Transatlantic Convoys, December 1941-June 1942114
2.The Assault on Coastal and Caribbean Shipping125
a.From New England South
b.Gulf Sea Frontier
d.Off the Canal Entrance
3.First Kills of U-Boats154
VIIThe North Russia Run, December 1941-July 1942158
1.Conditions and Urgencies158
2.The Tough Month of March164
3.Task Force 39167
4.Convoys PQ-16 and QP-13171
5.The Ordeal of PQ-17179
VIIIMissions to Malta, April-May 1942193
IXTrends and Conclusions, January-June 1942198
XThe Organization of Anti-Submarine Warfare, 1939-1942302
1.The Complex Problem202
2.Administration and Sea Frontiers205
3.Weapons and Devices200
a.Anti-Submarine Weapons
b.Sound Geac and Sound Schools
c.The Anti-Submarine Warfare Unit
d.Scientists at Operational Level
e.Radar in Anti-Submarine Applications
f.The High-Frequency Direction-Finder
4.The Anti-Submarine Fleet229
b.The Subchaser School at Miami
c.Cutters, Gunboats and Destroyers
5.Air Power and the Submarine237
a.The Army Anti-Submarine Air Command
b.The Naval Air Patrol
6.Coastal Convoys252
a.Atlantic Coast Shipping Lanes
b."Bucket Brigades"
c.Convoys Extended Coastwise
d.Caribbean Convoys
e.The Interlocking System
XIAmateurs and Auxiliaries266
1.The Patrols266
b.Ship Lane
c.Coastal Picket
d.Civil Air
2.Mystery Ships281
3.Fishermen and Air Observers286
XIIMerchant Ships and Their Armament290
1.Ship Production290
2.Naval Armed Guards296
XIIIExamples, Errors and Lessons, January-June 1942303
XIVTen Months' Incessant Battle, July 1942-April 1943311
2.Transatlantic Convoys317
a.Daylight Attacks
b.The Midwinter Blitz
c.Troop Convoys
d.Heineman's Harriers
3.Gulf and Caribbean346
4.Central Transatlantic Convoys352
5.North Russia Convoys358
a.Tuscaloosa's Mission
b.Convoy PQ-18
c."Trickle" and Renewed Convoys
d.American Seamen in North Russia Ports
XV"Deus E Brasileiro," September 1941-April 1943376
XVIUnescorted Ships with Armed Guards392
XVIIAnalysis and Conclusion, April 1943400
1.The Situation from the German Point of View400
2.The Situation from the Allied Point of View403
Appendix ILosses of Merchant Shipping410
Appendix IIMonthly Sinkings of German and Italian Submarines415
Appendix IIIArming of Merchant Vessels416
Appendix IVMine Fields Laid by U-Boats in Western Atlantic, 1942417
Appendix VThe Support Force Atlantic Fleet, 18 March 1941418
Appendix VIThe Atlantic Fleet of the United States Navy, August 1942419

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