Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X

Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X

by Randy Roberts, Johnny Smith

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Overview

In 1962, boxing writers and fans considered Cassius Clay an obnoxious self-promoter, and few believed that he would become the heavyweight champion of the world. But Malcolm X, the most famous minister in the Nation of Islam-a sect many white Americans deemed a hate cult-saw the potential in Clay, not just for boxing greatness, but as a means of spreading the Nation's message. The two became fast friends, keeping their interactions secret from the press for fear of jeopardizing Clay's career. Clay began living a double life-a patriotic "good Negro" in public, and a radical reformer behind the scenes. Soon, however, their friendship would sour, with disastrous and far-reaching consequences.

Based on previously untapped sources, from Malcolm's personal papers to FBI records, Blood Brothers is the first book to offer an in-depth portrait of this complex bond. Acclaimed historians Randy Roberts and Johnny Smith reconstruct the worlds that shaped Malcolm and Clay, from the boxing arenas and mosques, to postwar New York and civil rights-era Miami. In an impressively detailed account, they reveal how Malcolm molded Cassius Clay into Muhammad Ali, helping him become an international symbol of black pride and black independence. Yet when Malcolm was barred from the Nation for criticizing the philandering of its leader, Elijah Muhammad, Ali turned his back on Malcolm-a choice that tragically contributed to the latter's assassination in February 1965.

Malcolm's death marked the end of a critical phase of the civil rights movement, but the legacy of his friendship with Ali has endured. We inhabit a new era where the roles of entertainer and activist, of sports and politics, are more entwined than ever before. Blood Brothers is the story of how Ali redefined what it means to be a black athlete in America-after Malcolm first enlightened him. An extraordinary narrative of love and deep affection, as well as deceit, betrayal, and violence, this story is a window into the public and private lives of two of our greatest national icons, and the tumultuous period in American history that they helped to shape.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780465093229
Publisher: Basic Books
Publication date: 11/01/2016
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 400
Sales rank: 166,510
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.20(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Randy Roberts is the 150th Anniversary distinguished professor of history at Purdue University. He is the award-winning author of many books on the intersection of popular and political history, including A Season in the Sun: The Rise of Mickey Mantle (with Johnny Smith). He lives in Lafayette, Indiana.

Johnny Smith is the J. C. "Bud" Shaw professor of sports history and an associate professor of history at Georgia Tech. He is the co-author of Blood Brothers: The Fatal Friendship Between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X (with Randy Roberts). He lives in Atlanta, Georgia.

Table of Contents

Preface: A Dream Deferred
Prologue: Behind the Veil
1. The Mother Ship in Miami
2. God’s Angry Man
3. “Who Made Me Is Me
4. In Cold Blood
5. The Winter of Boxing
6. Apollo
7. Hide Your Cat
8. The Great Pretender
9. Back to the Grave
10. Trouble in Miami
11. The Crusade
12. Free to Be Me
13. The Shakeup
14. An American Nightmare
15. King of the World
16. The Muslim Champ
17. Worthy of Death
Epilogue: Once the Hate Is Gone

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