The landscape of the Calumet, an area that sits astride the Indiana–Illinois state line at the southern end of Lake Michigan was shaped by the glaciers that withdrew toward the end of the last ice ageabout 45,000 years ago. In the years since, many natural forces, including wind, running water, and the waves of Lake Michigan, have continued to shape the land. The lake's modern and ancient shorelines have served as Indian trails, stagecoach routes, highways, and sites that have evolved into many of the cities, towns, and villages of the Calumet area. People have also left their mark on the landscape: Indians built mounds; farmers filled in wetlands; governments commissioned ditches and canals to drain marshes and change the direction of rivers; sand was hauled from where it was plentiful to where it was needed for urban and industrial growth. These thousands of years of weather and movements of peoples have given the Calumet region its distinct climate and appeal.
|Publisher:||Indiana University Press|
|Product dimensions:||7.00(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.70(d)|
About the Author
Kenneth J. Schoon is Professor of Science Education at Indiana University Northwest. He is author of Dreams of Duneland: A Pictorial History of the Indiana Dunes Region (IUP, 2013) and City Trees.
Table of Contents
Prologue: The Calumet Area
Part One. The Physical Setting
1. Seas, Sediments, and Glacial Ice: Forming the Landscapes
2. Water and Wind: Interpreting Lake Michigan's History
Part Two. The Human Touch
3. The Calumet Area before 1833
4. The Pioneer and Stagecoach Period: 1833-1858
5. Railroads and Everyday Life: 1852-1899
6. Altering the Landscape
Part Three. Community Beginnings
7. Cook County Communities
8. Lake County Communities
9. Porter and LaPorte County Communities
Epilogue: Preserved Natural Areas
Works Cited and Suggestions for Further Reading
What People are Saying About This
What Schoonan earth science teacher and associate dean of education at Indiana University Northwestunravels is an academic read that is still understandable for everyday folks seeking more thorough information about the subset of Earth they inhabit.
Calumet Beginnings is very well-written celebration of place. The content is a meticulous compilation of secondary sources enhanced by archival materials. Schoon's passion for local history is evident throughout the volumeenough so that my family and I exited the interstate to explore the Calumet area several times this summer. Ancient moraine and shoreline remnants, ditch and levee systems, immigrant churches and cemeteries, and historic architectural edifices offer testimonials to the rich history of the Calumet area. These vestiges of the Calumet area's past will be far more meaningful to anyone reading Calumet Beginnings,33 2005