Citizenship and Accountability of Government: An Islamic Perspective

Citizenship and Accountability of Government: An Islamic Perspective

by Mohammed Hashim Kamali


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781903682616
Publisher: Islamic Texts Society
Publication date: 08/01/2011
Series: Fundamental Rights and Liberties in Islam series
Pages: 332
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Mohammed Hashim Kamali is chairman of the International Institute of Islamic Studies in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and the author of Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, Islamic Commercial Law, and The Right to Life, Security, Privacy, and Ownership in Islam. He is a former law professor at the International Islamic University Malaysia, where he taught for more than 20 years.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

Chapter 1 Freedom of Movement: an Islamic Perspective 9

I Introductory Remarks 9

II Affirmative Evidence 13

Hijrah: Juristic and Historical Analysis 16

Whether Hijrah is a Continuing Requirement 20

Hijrah in Recent Times 28

Concluding Remarks on Hijrah 32

What of Dar al-harb? 33

Migration and Asylum 35

Travel: Obligatory and optional 37

Travel in Search of Hadith 43

The Quest for Knowledge 48

Right of Passage 51

Social Visits 53

Concessions for Travellers 55

III Restrictions on Freedom of Movement 59

Considerations of Privacy and Health 59

Prohibition of Espionage 61

Considerations of Maslahah 64

IV Conclusion 74

Chapter 2 Citizenship 82

I Summary and Literature Review 82

II Concept and Terminology 88

III Islamic Conception of Citizenship 96

IV Citizenship Laws: Past and Present 101

V Dhimmi and Musta'min 109

VI Second Class Citizens Among Arabs-the Mawali 117

VII Dar al-Islam and Dar al-Harb Revisited 120

VIII Ummah, Nation-State and Citizenship: Modern Opinions 127

IX Unity and Equality: Re-Examination of Fiqh Rules 134

X Dar al-Harb: An Unwarranted Designation! 141

XI What of Dar al-Ahd (Abode of Treaty)? 145

XII Rights of Citizens 147

The Franchise 151

Right to Nomination 153

Right to Consultation 157

Right to Criticise 158

The Right to Disobey the Deviant Ruler 160

Right to Basic Necessities 163

XIII Duties of Citizens 166

XIV Women and Citizenship 170

XV Conclusion And Reform Proposals 175

Chapter 3 Accountability of Government 193

I Introductory Remarks 193

II Basic Postulates of Accountability 195

Ummah as Locus of Authority 196

Accountability: The Early Precedent 198

Accountability and Consultation 203

Hisbah and Nasihah 207

Government As A Trust (Amanat al-Hukm) 210

Selection of Officials 216

Criteria of Accountability: Personal and Corporate 222

The Limits of Obedience 227

Right of Complaint (Haqq al-Shakwah) 233

Holding Oneself to Account (Muhasabat al-Nafs) 237

Corruption and Bribery (Fasad wa-Rashwah) 241

Disobedience and Defiance 250

III Deviation and Departure from Precedent 253

Despotism and Dynastic Misrule 253

Misuse of Public Funds 258

IV Institutional Developments 262

Overriding Role of the Judiciary 263

Diwan al-Mazalim (Court of Grievances) 267

Accountability and the Muhtasib 274

Impeachment 280

Other Institutions of Accountability 284

Ottoman Constitutional Reforms 286

Glossary 297

Bibliography 301

Index 315

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