Since the 1960s, most U.S. History has been written as if the civil rights movement were primarily or entirely a Southern history. This book joins a growing body of scholarship that demonstrates the importance of the Northern history of the movement. The contributors make clear that civil rights in New York City were contested in many ways, beginning long before the 1960s, and across many groups with a surprisingly wide range of political perspectives. Civil Rights in New York City provides a sample of the rich historical record of the fight for racial justice in the city that was home to the nation’s largest population of African-Americans in mid-twentiethcentury America.
The ten contributions brought together here address varying aspects of New York’s civil rights struggle, including the role of labor, community organizing campaigns, the pivotal actions of prominent national leaders, the movement for integrated housing, the fight for racial equality in public higher education, and the part played by a revolutionary group that challenged structural, societal inequality. Long before the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Reverend Adam Clayton Powell Jr. helped launch the Harlem Bus Boycott of 1941. The New York City’s Teachers’ Union had been fighting for racial equality since 1935. Ella Baker worked with the NAACP and the city’s grassroots movement to force the city to integrate its public school system. In 1962, a direct action campaign by Brooklyn CORE, a racially integrated membership organization, forced the city to provide better sanitation services to Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn’s largest black community. Integrating Rochdale Village in South Jamaica, the largest middle-class housing cooperative in New York, brought together an unusual coalition of leftists, liberal Democrats, moderate Republicans, pragmatic government officials,
and business executives.
In reexamining these and other key events, Civil Rights in New York City reaffirms their importance to the larger national fight for equality for Americans across racial lines.
|Publisher:||Fordham University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
Clarence Taylor is Professor of History and Black and Hispanic Studies at Baruch College and Professor of History at the Graduate Center, City University of New York. His book Reds at the Blackboard: Communism, Academic Freedom, Civil Rights, and the New York City Teachers Union is forthcoming from Columbia University Press.
Table of Contents
1 To Be a Good American: The New York City Teachers Union and Race during the Second World War
2 Cops, Schools, and Communism: Local Politics and Global Ideologiess--New York City in the 1950s
3 'Taxation without Sanitation Is Tyranny': Civil Rights Struggles over Garbage Collection in Brooklyn, New
York, during the Fall of 1962
4 Rochdale Village and the Rise and Fall of Integrated Housing in New York City
5 Conservative and Liberal Opposition to the New York City School-Integration Campaign
6 The Dead End of Despair: Bayard Rustin, the 1968 New York School Crisis, and the Struggle for Racial Justice
7 The Young Lords and the Social and Structural Roots of Late Sixties Urban Radicalism
8 'Brooklyn College Belongs to Us': Black Students and the Transformation of Public Higher Education in New
9 Racial Events, Diplomacy, and Dinkins's Image
Wilbur C. Rich
10 'One City, One Standard': The Struggle for Equality in Rudolph Giuliani's New York
List of Contributors