Two of the greatest challenges of the current century are climate change (and variability) and food security. Feeding nine billion people by 2050 will require major efforts aimed at climate change adaptation and mitigation. The required approach to agriculture has recently been captured by the widely adopted term of "Climate Smart Agriculture" (CSA). This book not only explains what this entails, but also presents practical on-the-ground studies of practices and innovations in agriculture in less developed countries.
It is shown that CSA is not a completely new science and a number of its recommended technologies have been used for some time by local farmers all over the world. What is relevant and new from today’s CSA is ‘the approach’ to exploit their adaptation and mitigation potential. However, a major limitation is the lack of evidence-based knowledge that is necessary for policy makers to prepare strategies for adaptation and mitigation. This book assembles CSA knowledge and perspectives from different regions of the world.
The first part analyzes the concept, opportunities and challenges, and provides a global perspective, drawing particularly on studies from Africa and Asia. The second part of the book showcases results from various CSA measures linked to soil, water, crop and pest management measures from an ongoing program in India. The third section assesses the needs for an enabling policy environment, capacity building, and mainstreaming gender for up-scaling and/or out-scaling CSA technologies.
About the Author
Udaya Sekhar Nagothu is a Professor and Director (International Projects) at the Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research (BIOFORSK). He is the editor of Food Security and Development: Country Case Studies (Routledge, 2014).
Table of Contents
Part 1: Climate Smart Agriculture – Introduction and a Global Perspective Part 2: CSA Measures/technologies and Approaches Part 3: Enabling Institutional and Policy Frameworks, and Capacity to Realize CSA