For more than one hundred years, governments have grappled with the complex problem of how to revitalize distressed urban areas. In 1995, the original urban Empowerment Zones (Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, New York, and Philadelphia) each received a $100 million federal block grant and access to a variety of market-oriented policy tools to support the implementation of a ten-year strategic plan to increase economic opportunities and promote sustainable community development in high-poverty neighborhoods. In Collaborative Governance for Urban Revitalization, Michael J. Rich and Robert P. Stoker confront the puzzle of why the outcomes achieved by the original Empowerment Zones varied so widely given that each city had the same set of federal policy tools and resources and comparable neighborhood characteristics.The authors' analysis, based on more than ten years of field research in Atlanta and Baltimore and extensive empirical analysis of EZ processes and outcomes in all six cities shows that revitalization outcomes are best explained by the quality of local governance. Good local governance makes positive contributions to revitalization efforts, while poor local governance retards progress. While policy design and contextual factors are important, how cities craft and carry out their strategies are critical determinants of successful revitalization. Rich and Stoker find that good governance is often founded on public-private cooperation, a stance that argues against both the strongest critics of neoliberalism (who see private enterprise as dangerous in principle) and the strongest opponents of liberalism (who would like to reduce the role of government).
|Publisher:||Cornell University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Robert P. Stoker is Associate Professor of Political Science, Public Policy, and Public Administration at the George Washington University. He is the author of Reluctant Partners: Implementing Federal Policy and coauthor of When Work is Not Enough: State and Federal Policies to Support Needy Workers.
Table of Contents
1 Federal Aid and the Cities 13
2 Good Governance 37
3 Revitalization Strategies and Programs 53
4 Local Governance Structures and Processes 85
5 What Happened in EZ Neighborhoods? 103
6 Atlanta's Empowerment Zone 130
7 Baltimore's Empowerment Zone 164
8 Explaining Revitalization Outcomes 198