Islamophobia is one of the most prevalent forms of prejudice in the world today. This timely book reveals the way in which Islamophobia's pervasive power is being met with responses that challenge it and the worldview on which it rests.
The volume breaks new ground by outlining the characteristics of contemporary Islamophobia across a range of political, historic, and cultural public debates in Europe and the United States. Chapters examine issues such as: how anti-Muslim prejudice facilitates questionable foreign and domestic policies of Western governments; the tangible presence of anti-Muslim bias in media and the arts including a critique of the global blockbuster fantasy series Game of Thrones; youth activism in response to securitised Islamophobia in education; and activist forms of Muslim self-fashioning including Islamic feminism, visual art and comic strip superheroes in popular culture and new media. Drawing on contributions from experts in history, sociology, and literature, the book brings together interdisciplinary perspectives from culture and the arts as well as political and policy reflections. It argues for an inclusive cultural dialogue through which misrepresentation and institutionalised Islamophobia can be challenged.
About the Author
Peter Morey is Professor and Chair in 20th Century English Literature at the Department of English, University of Birmingham. Previously he was Professor in Postcolonial Studies at the School of Arts and Digital Industries at the University of East London. His recent publication include the monographs Fictions of India: Narrative and Power; Rohinton Mistry; and Alternative Indias: Writing, Nation and Communalism and the co-authored book Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation after 9/11.
Amina Yaqin is Senior Lecturer in Urdu and Postcolonial Studies and Chair of the Centre for the Study of Pakistan at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS). She is co-author of Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation after 9/11 and co-editor of Culture, Diaspora and Modernity in Muslim Writing. Her articles have appeared in peer-reviewed jourbanals such as Interventions; Comparative Critical Studies; Fashion Theory and Jourbanal of Women's History.
Alaya Forte is based at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, where she is researching for a PhD on the political representation of Muslim women in British local and national politics. She has an MA in Gender Studies from SOAS, a BA in Arabic and Islamic Studies from the University of Exeter and a degree in Politics from the University of Nice.
Table of Contents
List of Figures vii
Notes on Contributors viii
Foreword: The Roots of Modern Islamophobia John L. Esposito xiv
Introduction: Contesting Islamophobia in Theory and Practice Peter Morey 1
Part 1 Islamophobia, Politics and History
1 American Foreign Policy, Self-Fulfilling Prophecy and Muslims as Enemy Others Nathan Lean 29
2 Donald Trump at the Intersection of Nativism, Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Sentiment: American Roots and Parallels Peter Gottschalk 47
3 Islamophobia: The Muslim Problem? A Discussion between Dibyesh Anand, Myriam Francois and Jim Wolfreys Chaired Peter Morey 70
Part 2 Islamophobia and Representation
4 Islamophobia and the War of Representations: Martin Amis's 'The Last Days of Muhammad Atta' Nath Aldalala'a Geoffrey Nash 87
5 'A Sly and Stubborn People': Game of Thrones, Orientalism and Islamophobia Roberta Garrett 103
6 Islamic Feminism in a Time of Islamophobia: The Muslim Heroines of Leila Aboulela's Minaret and Elif Shafak's Forty Rules of Love Amina Yaqin 123
Part 3 Youth Contesting Islamophobia
7 Countering Islamophobia in the Classroom Sarah Soyei 147
8 Resisting Islamophobia: Muslim Youth Activism in the UK Tania Saeed 165
9 Young Muslims in Germany and Their Use of New Media to Counter Islamophobia Asmaa Soliman 185
Part 4 Art beyond Islamophobia
10 Adjusting the 'Islamic Focus: Exhibitions of Contemporary Pakistani Art in Britain in the Post-9/11 Decade Madeline Clements 205
11 Super Moozlim Battles Islamophobia Leila Tarakji 227
12 Homegrown: The Story of a Controversy Nadia Latif interviewed Peter Morey Amina Yaqin 248