The American economy continues to be driven by corporate mergers, buyouts, and activities in the junk bond market that few people understand.
Good and bad business activities have a pronounced effect on all Americans, who are often being harmed by corporations large and small, as well as occasionally the government. Despite the problems we face, the concept of domestic tranquility and prosperity are values that can still be maintained or achieved.
Jayson Reeves, an investor, business owner, and industrial engineer has worked with a variety of businesses, considers the complicated relationship between business and government a vital concern. The American transition of buyouts and the junk bond market effect on everyday people is a pivotal fact of resources. In this academic analysis, he focuses on
• examples of good and bad mergers;
• corporate raiders and the role they play in business; and
• ways junk bond markets are affecting the economy.
You’ll also gain observation about the Securities and Exchange Commission and the role it plays in the economy as well as the role terrorism is playing on international investments. Therefore discover how the economy works and how it can be improved with Corporate Mergers Transitioning the American Economy.
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Corporate Mergers Transitioning the American EconomyCorporate Buyouts and a Junk Bond Market Out of Control
By Jayson Reeves
iUniverse, Inc.Copyright © 2012 JAYSON REEVES
All right reserved.
Chapter OneCorporate Buyouts in a Junk Bond Market Out of Control
Observing the American economy, and most all businesses for over 100 years, or more so the people whom have started, owned, and operated businesses they have made diversified purchases or agreements of the sale of certain corporations or businesses. This included business or corporate buying transactions that affect other business issues, government, employment, and more so the people. These issues have certain repercussion values that have applied, and appropriated conditional effects on various parts of the American society, and its economy. Upon these concerns a level of capitalism with financing or investing money upon which people, and or employers earn, inherit, or even how they exist in peoples possession is part of a process of what someone or a corporation needs or has as their ambition of prosperity. This becomes the occasional understanding of expanding a business with logical liquidity growth that is part of their plans to survive in the American format of business.
Government along with public or private business have spent decades with arguments, and discussions about what is workable, and non-workable. These argumentative factors consist of values within this process of a merger, buyout, or the takeover acquisition of a business with diversified levels and procedures to reorganize. Therefore the business may have new people, and ideas which also applies to the United States Constitutional establishment of laws. This also occasionally can affect the advancements of small expanding business including even various corporate businesses with diversified products, and divisions.
During the turn of the century, and the years following 1900 that consisted of diversified businesses and various corporations which were becoming active in an environment of stock, and bond market trading, corporate America observed issues of growth with discipline. These were businesses like U.S. Steel Corporation, RCA Corporation, Eli Lilly & Company, Pfizer Inc., and Chase Bank Company. Others included a vast of "Railroad Companies" like Northfork Southern Corporation, CSX Corporation, and Union Pacific Corporation. Then Department Store's such as Sears & Robuck Company, Carson Pirie Scott & Company, Montgomery Ward's, J.C. Penney Company Inc., and now the expanding Walmart Incorporated chain of stores have achieved productive results in business for decades. These business levels of progress have resources with their discipline of why most of these businesses still have existence, and prosper with values in today's U.S. economy.
The American automobile industry within General Motors Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and Chrysler Corporation have been around sense 1910. Managing, or governing these businesses, and the people with the establishing of the financial markets is part of the investments of owning a percentage of a company which becomes complex with government, and societal issues of concern. Contrary to these factors the products, or services that can be provided are the intellectual value for most consumers, and issues of business prosperity. This also importantly becomes the consideration of what the American society has conditioned as its level of acceptable disciplines of business. Therefore this is the observation that even applies to the important issues of professionalism over the decades following the 1929 depression.
During the early 1900s the New York Stock Exchange was just becoming an active stock ownership trading market along with a vast amount of diversified businesses throughout the United States starting to compile a transition of junk bond related business issues. Other issues of market trading goes back as far as the 1700s. These become disciplines within revenue earnings, the sharing of revenue with investors, valuable products, various markets, and production facilities that most times gross enormous amounts of money. They also have provided government tax revenue which helped stimulate the American economy. Also this consist of products, and service issues that various people may consider good, and or bad for themselves, business, or even government. Even more so sometimes these service disciplines will help a smaller business expand with values that are important. Then most corporations or even small businesses can be workable with additional asset liquidity, and equity. This equity upon business progress occasionally turns junk bond values of a business into a more manageable, and productive resource of business operating disciplines. Upon these facts within considered business decisions this is valuable to the American society, the economy, and the people.
The corporate issues of junk bonds with corporate mergers was deferred with conflict for decades after the Great Depression. These became the values of what a business is worth (c/o investment ratings) to one or more individuals, or corporations which became applicable to the American system of government regulation. Apart from 1890 to the 1920s, and then during the mid-1980s this also became a market for "Corporate Raiders" such as T-Boone Pickens, Carl Icahn, Reginald Lewis, Frank Lorenzo, and brokerage firms such as Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Company. Most of these people have been involved in extensive business issues such as corporate hostile take-over concerns. These corporate hostile takeovers, and various corporate raiders consist of good, and bad issues that determine America's corporate future which includes various employees, and people. With speculation of future business survival these financial acquisitions severely became the concerned importance of business restructuring which was less evident with only a few corporations that were restructured into productive businesses. These became the corporate business market purchase issues for ownership throughout a "conditionally vicious" junk bond market.
Upon these values between brokerage firms, investors, and corporate businesses inflation has been a prediction of conditional junk bond valued issues with economic repercussions. These values of inflation went from $10 billion dollars (c/o the 1920s) in market industry value to around $186 billion dollars during the 1980s, and 1990s. This market level of issues, and values within the use of assets, or to except conflicts that enter-phase with greed, or quality investment grade values of a corporation were sometimes useful. Some of these useful values help the American money circulation for small investors (contrary to greenmail), and the ability to expand from other business resources other than their own. Considering these factors of good, or bad opinions, and economic evaluations the course of business, and inflation will, or must continue to advance with most all good, and even bad business agreements.
Understanding the 1980s with a vicious junk bond market it also included people like Ivan Boasky, and Michael Milken whom took "illegal" insider trading to levels of financial, and economic ration. Also a junk bond resource of people with a purpose as corporate raiders was Carl Icahn the founder of Icahn & Company, Reginald Lewis the former Chairman of Beatrice International, Jack Welch the former CEO of General Electric Corporation, and T-Boone Pickens the founder of Mesa Petroleum, and BP Capital. This new $180 billion dollar plus junk bond market issue applies conflicting disciplines within the true values of various corporate acquisitions. These acquisitions consist of two (2) or an occasional other bidder as companies, and or corporate raiders involved themselves in various junk bond "projects" as of the purchasing entity, or a company. These companies, and bidder's within the business acquisition process have procedures, and more so obligations within various business ideas to be workable with future earnings. Contrary to this fact conditionally the success of a newly purchased business or corporation is not always guaranteed, but with better management some of these failing corporations are less likely to be junk bond rated businesses. These are businesses that are restructured with the understanding that there is possible, and useful prosperity with the newly established business.
Another vital observation throughout the American junk bond markets is the disciplines of law by high wage earning professionals. This became the unlawful, and different conditions from Michael Milken with his former brokerage firm of Drexel Burnham Lambert Company whom exceeded logical business resources. His duties, and activities were applied to underwriting corporate merger projects with buying the stock for clients before the corporate buyout was finalized. Ivan Boasky also heavily dealt in junk bond issues, but as financial businesspeople working in these financial markets acquire bad habits unlawfully, this is when the government has probable cause to intervene.
Between the business dealings of Michael Milken, Ivan Boasky and a few other ambitious financial executives managing merger/ buyout issues, and other financial services, their duties consisted of the process of raising millions, and billions of dollars for their clients. These where vital business matters upon which Drexel Burnham Lambert Co. paid Milken commissions in excess of more than $500 million dollars before which he allegedly was prosecuted for the greed of insider trading. This legal issue outlined that he provided confidential information in a vast amount of illegal insider trading transactions before the buyout was appropriate to be public notice. These factors made various trades a resource of violations against the negotiated price agreements of the outstanding shares of stock that various companies control.
This issue of Michael Milken with insider trading is considered a problem that manipulated, and dissolved business earning's, and or purchase agreements from corporations that were a working level of sacrifice. These economic issues occurred during their occasional tuff times with various professional disciplines, and even the resource to restructure a business. A few of Michael Milken's clients consisted of the Executive Life Insurance Company, and Columbia Savings & Loan suffering losses after his level of success over the years at Drexel Burnham Lambert. Also his business dealings within transactions included a few business names such as MCI Communication; gaining a billion dollars (c/o later none as MCI WorldCom), and even activity at Turner Broadcasting. Observation of this becomes the conditional concerns of resource within corporate buyout issues which most "hostile corporate takeovers", and other lawful acquisitions exceeding logical transfers of corporate business control hold relevant to shareholder value. This process to control another business or corporation (c/o junk bond ratings) had not existed heavily for at least five decades which more so consisted of various inflated bid, and offering price agreements. Considering this logical process, certain values include the corporation's outstanding shares which is, and can be an outside investment issue apart from employee stock ownership conditions.
Throughout 1920 to 1970, and then during the 1980s being indifferent from 50 to 80 years within the history of stock market junk bond issues of publicly traded companies, this junk bond market expanded extensively. The junk bond market of the early 1990s consisted of slower, but rational concerns of critical corporations being bought out and fewer, or at least a smaller rate of high-yield bond trading investments with value. Most of these buyouts, or purchases of businesses was slightly logical, and occasionally aggressive as they sometimes consist of unwanted businesses, or equipment assets that were valued by others. This included other issues like the recessions, and near depression concerns over the proceedings 60 years which the concept of a junk bond market went from $10 billion to over $185 billion dollars (c/o the 1980s) in market valued issues. Along with this deferred timeframe other social issues like war, and large effective Supreme Court, and Federal Court cases that the United States was enduring consisted of law case disciplines, and indirectly became a resource for a more lawfully developed society. Therefore in some concerns the American society, and the U.S. economy was applied with value to most markets as it was becoming a factor with evidence of conditional progress.
The transitioning of the American economy sense the 1980s has been a repetition of improved technology, and a variation of established laws that were occasionally ignored. With a resource of technology advancements, ignoring various U.S. Anti-Trust laws, and U.S. Banking laws the U.S. Economy has been a critical problem as it applies to lawfully business minded Americans. This includes laws such as the Glass Steagall Act (c/o a repeal), and the Bank Holding Act of 1956 that has been part of industry that occasionally has taken some American regions full speed backwards. Another valid concern has consisted of the disciplines within the last five U.S. Presidents within Ronald Reagan, George Bush Sr., Bill Clinton, the 2nd George Bush Jr., and presently Barack Obama whom must endure depressed economic issues of arbitration. This was the arbitrary effort within various corporations seeking answers, and solutions from foreign and some domestic relief in many ways. Considering some of these solutions were an issue of overhead cost, and logical government regulation, the issue of business restructuring went in the direction of junk bond market values to increase liquidity, or asset holdings. Manipulation of assets (c/o an Endless Loop crisis) within U.S. Constitutional issues of law reached a highly destructive point with U.S. Anti-Trust laws has kept American small businesses from logical expansion just like some violent crimes. Therefore a variation of state and federal Attorney General's along with some lawyers have "not" helped or recognized certain business legal matters good enough!
Within logical factors the transition with U.S. Anti-Trust laws consisted of new Middle Eastern businesses of people doing things during the 1990s thru the 2000s that Standard Oil Company (c/o Amoco Oil), and other oil companies were outlined by law "not" to do in 1913. The anti-trust case, and legislature from government said that the Standard Oil Company including John D. Rockefeller, and all other oil companies could "not" own gas stations directly across the street from each other. In a vast amount of regions in the U.S. this has been done ether as a corporate owned business, or more so in a format of becoming independent business operates whom are mostly Middle Eastern nationalized citizen business owners. This would eliminate the unlawful control of the same oil company ownership as a city/town street corner monopoly which would extensively exclude other oil & gas business competitors.
Another factor of concern was the issues within problems of when U.S. Treasury Security Robert Ruban, President Bill Clinton, and the U.S. Congress deregulated banking with legislature that repealed the Glass Steagall Act. This conflicting issue has seem to push the U.S. society, and the banking industry full speed backwards. Therefore these guided U.S. economic matters by government and a few other issues have become an "investment banking industry concern" which consisted of greed, conflict, and crime, not an equation of careful economic planning. These issues exceeded the normal values of investing, and the progress of small American business owners from achieving logical, and good progress. Then these efforts of expanding their business operation which sadly included the loss of $11 trillion dollars of U.S. household wealth when a bank lending crisis occurred in the first decade of 2000 became a new problem of severe concern.
Contrary to issues within competitive conflicts, various business issues have been found in American small business owners being pushed out by foreign business conflicts (c/o new citizenship issues), and a ration of financial bankers whom wanted to cater to investors at certain local, or commerce banks. This was done at certain NDB banks, Tech Federal Savings institutions, and a few others which can be a violation or challenged conflict of "repealing" the Glass Steagall Act. This was the observation of a bank wanting to increase competitive conflicts of liquidity, and industry economic opportunities. Also this included the ambition of other small investors like newly found steel workers involved in complex investments that harmed their retirements. Therefore the conflict within these values also had the considered ambition to increase their own liquidity with high-risk market equity, and stock acquisition investments even at local banks which become quite risky.
Monopolies similar to Standard Oil Corporation (c/o 1910) which even today includes the Microsoft Corporation are a concern to the United States government on occasions. This is due to intense law case arguments that outline U.S. Anti-Trust legal disciplines which did include various other laws, and regulatory conditions. Bill Gates has earned over a billion dollars of his own personal wealth from Microsoft Corp with other executives, and people close to him, and his family investing in his established company within Microsoft. his has given the Microsoft Corporation it's strong financial value of security, and how others (apply to Standard & Poor's or Moody) rating as a publicly held company, and their business achievements, investment quality, or state of business operating condition.
Excerpted from Corporate Mergers Transitioning the American Economy by Jayson Reeves Copyright © 2012 by JAYSON REEVES. Excerpted by permission of iUniverse, Inc.. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Table of Contents
1. Corporate Buyouts in a Junk Bond Market Out of Control....................1
2. The American Economy with Good and Bad Mergers....................24
3. Hostile Takeovers and Corporate Raiders....................38
4. American Mergers in Transition with the Economy....................51
5. The SEC and the Protection of U.S. Corporate Real Assets....................68
6. Foreign Relation's and Junk Bond Issues of Value....................85
7. A Transition of American Defense Contractors....................96
8. Small Businesses, Corporations, and Workable Junk Bonds....................111
9. Junk Bond Markets out of Control....................125
10. International Investments and International Terrorism....................142
11. Legislature, and the Courts With Mergers, and Buyouts....................155
12. Business Competition, and Acquisitions vs. the U.S. Economy....................169
13. Mergers, & Buyouts to Restructuring Business & Government....................180
14. America's Times of Direction from Mergers, Acquisitions, & Buyouts....................198
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Whoa! I can feel the tension in the air!
INTENSE!!!! LUV IT! <3
"Why, Snowpaw?" Whitepaw suddenly asked but he didn't reply. He just looks at the ground and his unsheathed claws. "Hey!" A voice came in, who was Icepaw. "I'm going to get my warrior ceromony tonight!" Jaypaw looks confuse. 'Already?' She wondered. "Wow, Icepaw." Redpool commented. "Looks like Streamclan will get another warrior." Snowpaw stopped looking disappionted and ran over to him. 'Nice job!' Jaypaw thought. "When?" Whitepaw asked the orange apprentice. "At sunset." Icepaw answered. "Tallwing is very happy about it. I'm her first apprentice." Jaypaw ran over to him and purred, but Tigerstripe just stayed outside the crowd. "You have been training for only two moons." He recoiled. "There is no way you have been learned every one of the lessons Tallwing taught you." Icepaw race out of the crowd and toward Tigerstripe. "But Tallwing just told me that I pass every one of those lessons!" Icepaw defended himself. "Even Stonestar said that I am ready to be a warrior!" Tigerstripe fix his eyes on the apprentice. "Stonestar..." he whispered. "That mouse-brain leader doesn't know anything about leadership. He doesn't care about Starclan." Jaypaw's amber eyes got wide. 'Stonestar doesn't believe in Starclan?!' She thought. "But-" Icepaw tried to speak, but Tigerstripe interrupted. "He won't do anything during your ceromony." Jaypaw shakes. 'Why is Tigerstripe so mean?' She thought. She looks at Whitepaw, who's eyes are wide in fear. Jaypaw turned to a run to the leader's den and she didn't trip inside. When she got in, Dovefall, the deputy of Streamclan was sitting beside a pile of gray fur. 'Stonestar!' Jaypaw thought. END OF PART SIX!!!! ALSO I WOULD LIKE TO THANK NYANWOLF, AUTHOR OF GOLDSHINE'S STORY, FOR THE CLAN NAME!!!!!!! IF YOU WANT TO READ HIS STORY, GO TO GOLD ALL RESULTS!!!!!!